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第一篇:《6 unit 5The power of nature 大自然的力量》

Unit 5 The power of nature 大自然的力量 AN EXCITING JOB一份令人兴奋的工作

I have the greatest job in the world. I travel to unusual places and work alongside people from all over the world. Sometimes working outdoors, sometimes in an office, sometimes using scientific____________ and sometimes meeting local people and tourists. I am never bored. Although my job is ____________ dangerous, I don't mind because danger excites me and makes me feel alive. However, the most important thing about my job is that I help to protect ordinary people from one of the most powerful natural forces on earth — the ____________. 我的工作是世界上最伟大的工作。我跑的地方是稀罕奇特的地方,和我一道工作的人来自世界各地。 (我们)有时在室外工作,有时在办公室里,有时工作中要用科学仪器,有时要会见当地百姓和旅游人士。但是我从来不感到工作烦人。虽然我的忑作偶尔也有危险,但是我并不在乎,因为危险能激励我,使我感到有活力。然而,最重要的是,通过我的工作能保护普通百姓免遭火山的威胁一一这是世界上最大的自然威力之一。

I was ____________ as a volcanologist working for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) twenty years ago. My job is collecting information for a____________ about Mount Kilauea, which is one of the most active volcanoes in Hawaii. Having collected and __________ the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. Our work has saved many lives because people in the path of the lava can be warned to leave their houses. Unfortunately, we cannot move their homes out of the way, and many houses have been covered with lava or burned to the ground. 作为一名火山学家,我被派到夏威夷火山观测站(HVO)工作。我的任务是收集有关基拉韦厄火山的数据资料,这是夏威夷最活跃的火山之一。收集和评估了这些信息之后,我就帮助其他科学家一起预测下次火山熔岩将往何处流去,流速是多少。我们的工作拯救了许多人的生命,因为熔岩要流经之地,老百姓都可以得到离开家园的通知。遗憾的是,我们不可能把他们的家搬离岩浆流过的地方,因此,许多房屋被 熔岩淹没,或者焚烧殆尽。

When boiling rock ___________from a volcano and crashes back to earth, it causes less damage than you might imagine. This is because no one lives near the top of Mount Kilauea, where the rocks fall. The lava that flows slowly like a wave down the mountain causes far more damage because it buries everything in its path under the __________ rock. However, the eruption itself is really exciting to watch and I shall never forget my first sight of one. It was in the second week after I arrived in Hawaii. Having worked hard all day, I went to bed early. I was fast asleep when suddenly my bed began shaking and I heard a strange sound, like a railway train passing my window. Having experienced quite a few earthquakes in Hawaii already, I didn't take much notice. I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. I ran out of the house into the back garden where I could see Mount Kilauea in the distance. There had been an eruption from the side of the mountain and red hot lava was ____________ hundreds of metres into the air. It was an ____________绝对 ____________极好的 sight. 当滚烫的岩石从火山喷发出来并撞回地面时,它所造成的损失比想象的要小些,这是因为在岩石下落的基拉韦厄火山顶附近无人居住。而顺着山坡下流的火山熔岩所造成的损失却大得多,这是因为火山岩浆所流经的地方,一切东西都被掩埋在熔岩下面了。然而火山喷发本身的确是很壮观的,我永远也忘不了我第二次看见火山喷发时的情景。那是在我抵达夏威夷后的第二个星期。那天我辛辛苦苦地干了一整天,很早就上床睡觉了。我在熟睡中突然感到床铺在摇晃,接着我听到一阵奇怪的声音,就好像一列火车在我的窗外行驶一样。因为我在夏威夷曾经经历过多次地震,所以对这种声音我并不在意。我刚要再睡,突然我的卧室亮如白昼。我赶紧跑出房间,来到后花园,在那儿我能远远地看见基拉韦厄火山。在山的一边有火山喷发,红色

发烫的岩浆像喷泉一样,朝天上喷射达几百米高。真是绝妙的奇景!

The day after this eruption I was lucky enough to have a much closer look at it. Two other scientists and I were driven up the mountain and __________ as close as possible to the crater that had been formed during the eruption. Having earlier collected special clothes from the observatory, we put them on before we went any closer. All three of us looked like spacemen. We had white protective suits that covered our whole body, helmets, big boots and special gloves. It was not easy to walk in these suits, but we slowly made our way to the edge of the crater and looked down into the red, boiling centre. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this being my first experience, I stayed at the top and watched them. 就在这次火山喷发的第二天,我有幸作了一次近距离的观察。我和另外两位科学家驱车上山,到最靠近这次火山喷口的地方才下车。早先从观测站出发时就带了一些特别的安全服,于是我们穿上安全服再走近火山口。我们三个人看上去就像宇航员一样,我们都穿着白色的防护服遮住全身,戴上了头盔和特别的手套,还穿了一双大靴子。穿着这些衣服走起路来实在不容易,但我们还是缓缓往火山口的边缘走去,并且向下看到了红红的沸腾的中央。另外两人攀下火山口去收集供日后研究用的岩浆,我是第二次经历这样的事,所以留在山顶上观察他们。 Today, I am just as ____________ about my job as the day I first started. Having studied volcanoes now for many years, I am still amazed at their beauty as well as their____________ to cause great damage. 如今,我和当初从事这项工作时一样满怀热情。虽然我从事火山研究很多年了,但是我对火山的壮丽景色以及它那潜在的巨大破坏力至今仍然感到惊愕不已。 翻译和改错:

I have the greatest job in the world. I travel to unusual places and work alongside people from all over the world. Sometimes working outdoors, sometimes in an office, sometimes using scientific equipment and sometimes meeting local people and tourists. I am never bored. Although my job is occasionally dangerous, I don't mind because danger excites me and makes me feel alive. However, the most important thing about my job is that I help to protect ordinary people from one of the most powerful natural forces on earth — the volcano.

I was appointed as a volcanologist working for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) twenty years ago. My job is collecting information for a database about Mount Kilauea, which is one of the most active volcanoes in Hawaii. Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. Our work has saved many lives because people in the path of the lava can be warned to leave their houses.

Unfortunately, we cannot move their homes out of the way, and many houses have been covered with lava or burned to the ground.

When boiling rock erupts from a volcano and crashes back to earth, it causes less damage than you might imagine. This is because no one lives near the top of Mount Kilauea, where the rocks fall. The lava that flows slowly like a wave down the mountain causes far more damage because it buries everything in its path under the molten rock. However, the eruption itself is really exciting to watch and I shall never forget my first sight of one. It was in the second week after I arrived in Hawaii. Having worked hard all day, I went to bed early. I was fast asleep when suddenly my bed began shaking and I heard a strange sound, like a railway train passing my window. Having experienced quite a few earthquakes in Hawaii already, I didn't take much notice. I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. I ran out of the house into the back garden where I could see Mount Kilauea in the distance. There had been an eruption from the side of the mountain and red hot lava was fountaining hundreds of metres into the air. It was an absolutely fantastic sight.

The day after this eruption I was lucky enough to have a much closer look at it. Two other scientists and I were driven up the mountain and dropped as close as possible to the crater that had been formed during the eruption. Having earlier collected special clothes from the observatory, we put them on before we went any closer. All three of us looked like spacemen. We had white protective suits that covered our whole body, helmets, big boots and special gloves. It was not easy to walk in these suits, but we slowly made our way to the edge of the crater and looked down

into the red, boiling centre. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this being my first experience, I stayed at the top and watched them.

Today, I am just as enthusiastic about my job as the day I first started. Having studied volcanoes now for many years, I am still amazed at their beauty as well as their potential to cause great damage.

THE LAKE OF HEAVEN天池twenty,years,ago,i,was,appointing,as,a,volcanologist

Changbaishan is in Jilin Province,Northeast China.Much of this beautiful,mountainous area is thick forest. Changbaishan is Chinas largest nature reserve and it is kept in its natural state for the people of China and visitors from all over the world to enjoy.The height of the land varies from 700 hundred metres above sea level to 2000 metres and is home to great diversity of rare plants and animals.Among the rare animals are cranes,black bears,leopards and tigers.Many people come to Changbaishan to study its unique plants and animals.Others come to walk in mountains,to see the spectacular waterfalls or to bathe in the hot water pools.However,the attraction that arouses the greatest appreciation in the reserve is Tianchi or the Lake of Heaven.

Tianchi is a deep lake that has formed in the crater of a dead volcano on top of the mountain.The lake is 2194 metres above sea level,and more than 200 metres deep.In winter the surface freezes over.It takes about an hour to climb from the end of the road to the top of mountain.When you arrive you are rewarded not only with the sight of its clear waters,but also by the view of the other sixteen mountain peaks that surround Tianchi.

There are three stories told about Tianchi.The most well-known concerns three young women from heaven.They were bathing in Tianchi when a bird flew above them and dropped a small fruit onto the dress of the youngest girl.When she picked up the fruit to smell it,it flew into her mouth.Having swallowed the fruit,the girl became pregrant and later gave birth to a handsome boy.It is said that this boy,who had a great gift for languages and persuasion,is the father of the Manchu people.据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先,他具有语言天赋和很强的说服力。

If you are lucky enough to visit the Lake of Heaven with your loved one,don’t forget to drop a coin into the clear blue water to guarantee your love will be as deep and lasting as the lake itself 如果你有幸和你的爱人一起游览天池,不要忘了向清澈、湛蓝的湖中投入一枚硬币来保证你们的爱情像湖水一样幽深而长久。

第二篇:《SB6 U5测试题》

高二 选修六 Unit 5 单元调研卷 试卷准备人:程红艳 包海霞 使用时间 2014.3

第一部分:阅读(共2节,满分26分)

第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并填写在答题卡上。(共8小题;每小题2分,满分16分)

(A)

AN EXCITING JOB

I have the greatest job in the world. I travel to unusual places and work alongside people

from all over the world. Sometimes working outdoors, sometimes in an office, sometimes using scientific equipment and sometimes meeting local people and tourists, I am never bored.

Although my job is occasionally dangerous, I don't mind because danger excites me and makes me feel alive. However, the most important thing about my job is that I help protect ordinary people from one of the most powerful forces on earth - the volcano.

I was appointed as a volcanologist working for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) twenty years ago. My job is collecting information for a database about Mount Kilauea, which is one of the most active volcanoes in Hawaii. Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. Our work has saved many lives because people in the path of the lava can be warned to leave their houses. Unfortunately, we cannot move their homes out of the way, and many houses have been covered with lava or burned to the ground.

When boiling rock erupts from a volcano and crashes back to earth, it causes less damage than you might imagine. This is because no one lives near the top of Mount Kilauea, where the rocks fall. The lava that flows slowly like a wave down the mountain causes far more damage because it buries everything in its path under the molten rock. However, the eruption itself is really exciting to watch and I shall never forget my first sight of one. It was in the second week after I arrived in Hawaii. Having worked hard all day, I went to bed early. I was fast asleep when suddenly my bed began shaking and I heard a strange sound, like a railway train passing my window. Having experienced quite a few earthquakes in Hawaii already, I didn't take much notice. I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. I ran out of the house into the back garden where I could see Mount Kilauea in the distance. There had been an eruption from the side of the mountain and red hot lava was fountaining hundreds of metres into the air. It was an absolutely fantastic sight.

The day after this eruption I was lucky enough to have a much closer look at it. Two other scientists and I were driven up the mountain and dropped as close as possible to the

第1页

crater that had been formed during the eruption. Having earlier collected special clothes from the observatory, we put them on before we went any closer. All three of us looked like spacemen.We had white protective suits that covered our whole body, helmets, big boots and special gloves. It was not easy to walk in these suits, but we slowly made our way to the edge of the crater and looked down into the red, boiling centre. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this being my first experience, I stayed at the top and watched them.

Today, I am just as enthusiastic about my job as the day I first started. Having studied volcanoes now for many years, I am still amazed at their beauty as well as their potential to cause great damage.

1. Which of the following functions does the writer view as the most important part of his job?

A. To ensure the safety of people. B. To travel of many unusual places. C. To use advanced scientific equipment.

D. To learn from other experts around the world.

2. Thanks to the writer and his workmates’ efforts, _____ around Mount Kilauea. A. a lot of volcanic activities have been prevented

B. there were few losses (损失) due to volcanic activities

C. many people escaped casualties from the volcanic activities

D. more and more tourists have known the grandeur 壮观 of the volcanoes

3. What did the writer do after the first eruption he had witnessed? A. He collected some lava for scientific research.

B. He has a closer look at the volcano with his workmates. C. He drew a line to warn people of keep away from the crater. D. He took a lot of photos and made evaluation on the volcano.

4. What can we infer about the writer from the text? A. He mainly works in university. B. He is tired of his work sometimes.

C. His family worried a lot about his safety. D. He found volcano beautiful but dangerous.

(B)

Everyone tries to get to school on time. But when bad weather gives you trouble, can you still make it before the bell rings?

In northern China during spring, big sandstorms(沙尘暴)often make trouble for students and everyone else. When the sky is dark with sand, buses and cars all move much more slowly. Sometimes, people can’t even see for 20 metres.

Sandstorms usually happen in spring. This year, sandstorms started in late March. They have happened in more than 10 provinces in northern China this year. More than 70 million people have had problems in those places because of the sandstorms.

People in southern China don’t have to worry about this kind of bad weather. Most of the sand comes from Gansu and Inner Mongolia. In northern China, lots of places have few trees and don’t get much rain. People there have been cutting down too many trees. When there aren’t many trees, the ground can’t keep enough water. Over the years, the ground dries up and turns to sand. When spring comes and the ice melts(融化), the ground becomes looser(更松散的). Strong winds take the loose sand into the sky.

Sandstorms are bad for people’s health. If people breathe too much sand, they could cough or have asthma(哮喘).

Sandstorms also give farmers lots of problems. Sometimes their sheep get lost in the ers’ houses.

What can you do to stop sandstorms? Here’s an idea: Ask you parents to help you plant some trees this spring.

If you see people cutting down too many trees, tell them about the dangers of sandstorms, and ask your government to stop them from cutting.

5. In which season do sandstorms usually happen?

A. In spring. B. In summer. C. In autumn. D. In winter.

6. Which of the following provinces in China is often hit by sandstorms?

A. Fujian Province. B. Yunnan Province. C. Jiangsu Province. D. Gansu Province.

7. According to the passage, what cannot be caused by sandstorms?

A. Health problems. B. Traffic problems. C. The loss of farm animals. D. Noise pollution.

8. Which is not stated in the passage?_______________ .

第2页

A. Trees can help keep enough rain water B. More trees need to be planted C. Some people are doing harm to the environment D. Sandstorms are the main cause of asthma

第二节:(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

DIAO Weihao,a business English major at the Chengdu campus of Sichuan

International Studies University,was in his dormitory(宿舍)when the earthquake struck at 2:30 pm on Monday.

The 22一year—old felt that his chair was shaking.All of a sudden,the textbooks on the bookshelf began to fall to the floor.9__________________________.

10.____________.They didn’t try to get out of the building until the shaking stopped.They were on the fifth floor and they feared there might be trouble if they didn’t remain calm.

They were surprised to see SO many students outside.

“11.______,”he said.The college had warned them that in the event of an earthquake,they should leave the dormitory immediately.A few did rush in when it was safe to grab some clothes to keep warm.

Without any tents or bedding,the students stayed on the football field for the whole night.Rain started falling in the morning,but the students all kept in good order.12.___________.

Now,Diao is mostly worried about the people in Wenchuan County.

“It seems we won’t be able to have classes in one or two day’S time,”said Diao,“13._____________.Also,1 will write on my blog to keep people calm and encourage them to protect themselves during emergencies(紧急情况).” A.Diao and his roommates kept their calm B.Most of US got outside quickly and safely

C.I want to become a volunteer or donate(捐献)my blood to the injured people in hospital D.I heard that hospitals in Chengdu have lots of injured people who jumped out of buildings E.I began to realize then what had happened F.The glass in the window broke

G.They simply chatted and shared their feelings and comforted each other

第二部分:英语知识运用 (共二节,满分45分)

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A Volcano Eruption火山爆发

As the best candidate, I was appointed to collect and 14.__________ information for a database about 15. __________ natural disasters, such as hurricanes, typhoons or 16. __________. Sometimes I did this by giving out 17. __________ to those who went through them. But sometimes I had to go through 18. __________disasters myself. The Musaki 19. __________ was one of them.

At that time, I lived in a bungalow alongside the volcano with a 20. __________, who came for the appreciation of its 21. __________. One day, when I was drawing diagrams on the balcony and he was 22. __________ inside, the volcano erupted unexpectedly. The 23. __________and lava fountains shooting highly in the sky 24. __________from 50 to 100 meters in height. It was 25. __________fantastic! I even noticed a rainbow appear in the fog caused by a heat 26. __________.

But, glancing through our surroundings, I foresaw the27. __________danger and found no guarantee of our safety. The 28. __________gas almost made us unconscious. Sweats of29. __________began to drop. Managing to stop panicking and 30. __________, we quickly put on our protective suits, 31. __________and boots and eventually 32. __________ a safe place. How lucky we were even though my precious equipment and 33. __________were all burnt to the ground!

14. A. diagram B. evaluate C. volcanic D. crater 15. A. lava B. hurricane

C. diverse D.alongside 16. A.thunderstorms B. appoint

C. melten

D. absolute 17. A. threat B. questionaires C. precious D.unconscious 18. A. volcanology B. equipment C. actualtwenty,years,ago,i,was,appointing,as,a,volcanologist

D. observatory 19. AErupt B. Wave C. Shoot D. Volcano 20. A. arouse B. novelist C. spectacular D.anxious

21. A. eruption

B. exciting

C. unusual

D. local

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