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2014临沂市高一英语下学期期末考试题

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  2014临沂市高一英语下学期期末考试题


  I. 听力(共20小题;每小题0.5分,满分10分)

  第一节(共5小题,每小题0.5 分,满分2.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. What will the man do tonight ?

  A. Buy some shoes. B. Go to the bank. C. Book a hotel room.

  2. What time is it now ?

  A. 4:10. B. 4: 20. C. 4:30.

  3. What kind of music does the woman speaker like better ?

  A. Pop music. B. Light music. C. Classic music.

  4. What is happening to the sea ?

  A. It is getting smaller.

  B. It is being polluted.

  C. It is getting cleaner.

  5. Where does the conversation most probably take place ?

  A. In a bookstore. B. In a classroom. C. In a publishing house.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题 0.5分,满分7.5 分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听下面一段对话,回答第6和7两个小题。现在你有10秒的时间阅读这两个小题。

  6. How much does the ticket to New York cost ?

  A. 248. B. 258. C. 285.

  7. What would the man speaker like to eat this time during the flight?

  A. Some meat. B. A special salad. C. Some fruits.

  听下面一段对话,回答第8到10三个小题。现在你有15秒的时间阅读这三个小题。

  8. What’s wrong with the woman speaker ?

  A. She’s got a headache.

  B. She’s got a toothache.

  C. She’s got the flu.

  9. When did she start feeling uneasy ?

  A. One or two days ago. B. Today. C. Yesterday.

  10. What would she do according to the doctor ?

  A. Take a rest. B. Take exercise. C. Take some medicine.

  听下面一段对话,回答第11到14四个小题。现在你有20秒的时间阅读这四个小题。

  11. Who is Tom looking for ?

  A. Kate. B. Jane. C. Mary.

  12. Why does Tom come into the room ?

  A. He works there.

  B. He wants to talk to Kate.

  C. He wants to have a letter typed.

  13. Where is Jane at that time ?

  A. She’s taking a rest.

  B. She’s studying for an exam.

  C. She’s taking an exam.

  14. What is Kate going to do next year ?

  A. Go to Japan. B. Change her job. C. Go to a night school.

  听下面一段对话,回答第15到17三个小题。现在你有15秒的时间阅读这三个小题。

  15. Why do they have a big party tonight ?

  A. To celebrate their parents’ birthday.

  B. To celebrate their children’s birthday.

  C. To celebrate their parents’ wedding anniversary.

  16. What gift do the children want to send their parents?

  A. Travelling. B. Some books. C. A birthday cake.

  17. What does the boy think of his sister ?

  A. Super. B. Thoughtful. C. Wonderful.

  听下面一段独白,回答第18到20三个小题。现在你有15秒的时间阅读这三个小题。

  18. Which city has the lowest temperature?

  A. Miami. B. Houston. C. New York City.

  19. What’s the weather like in Oklahoma City ?

  A. It’s a windy day. B. It’s a cloudy day. C. It’s a rain day.

  20.Which city does the weather reporter first start with ?

  A. San Diego. B. Oklahoma City. C. Seattle.

  II. 单项选择(共20小题;每小题0.5分,满分10分)

  21. ______ technology behind RealCine is virtual reality which can be ______ good treatment for people who have social problems.

  A. The; the B. The; a C. A; a D. A; the

  22. Though a new analysis suggests lightning and volcanoes helped make life possible, the _____of life remains a mystery.

  A. origin B. intelligence C. power D. movement

  23. A gunman, who was later found dead, walked into an Oregon high school with a rifle and shot a(n) _____ student to death on Tuesday .

  A. bitter B. confident C. unusual D. innocent

  24. In 2014 World Cup, Spain was considered superior to Holland, but ______ Holland defeated Spain by a score of 5 to 1 on June 14.

  A. last but not least B. to be honest C. in reality D. on the other hand

  25. While shopping, people sometimes can’t help _____ into buying something they don’t really need.

  A. be persuaded B. being persuaded C. to persuade D. persuading

  26. Some terrorists are reported _____ a historical building in Southeast Pakistan last Friday.

  A. have blown up B. to blow up C. to have blown up D. blowing up

  27. Not only _____ to stay in from the rain, but he was also invited to have dinner with the host.

  A. did the stranger allow B. was the stranger allowed

  C. allowed the stranger D. the stranger was allowed

  28. My enthusiasm for Chinese football team _____ because of their countless failures.

  A. faded B. reduced C. grew D. lost

  29. It was a pity that the five-time defending champion(卫冕冠军) China _____ have been defeated in 2014 Thomas Cup badminton semi-final.

  A. would B. might C. should D. must

  30. _____ knowing the real fact, the manager was very angry with his secretary.

  A. In B. Upon C. With D. Beyond

  31. I think we should _____ all these old toys to the local children hospital.

  A. give out B. give in C. give up D. give away

  32. This is Tony’s photo. We miss him very much. He _____ trying to save a girl in the earthquake.

  A. is killed B. was killed C. has been killed D. had been killed

  33. A horrible thought suddenly occurred to him _____ the plane might have been hijacked(劫持).

  A. what B. / C. that D. whether

  34. It is really challenging to make a commercial advertisement more _____ its target audience.

  A. appealing to B. relating to C. connecting to D. leading to

  35. This kind of urban planning is in the long term cheaper and more practical, _____ with the way most urban planning is done today.

  A. comparing B. compare C. compared D. being compared

  36. The invention of spaceships makes _____ human beings to travel to the moon.

  A. that possible for B. that possible of

  C. it possible for D. it possible of

  37. The weather turned out to be fine yesterday; I _____ the trouble to carry my umbrella with me.

  A. shouldn’t have taken B. couldn’t have taken

  C. needn’t have taken D. mustn’t have taken

  38. It was in the lab _____ was taken charge of by professor Brown _____ we did the experiment.

  A. where; that B. which; where C. that; where D. which; that

  39. With people’s living standard improving, those who might _____ stay at home tend to take vacations abroad.

  A. otherwise B. however C. therefore D. altogether

  40. —Would you like to go out for a meal with me tonight?

  —_____. We haven’t been out for ages.

  A. No bother B. That’s all right C. Not really D. I’d love to

  III. 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

  I was living in Sao Paulo, Brazil. It is a 41 city, with more people living in it than in my whole country. We rented a flat in a guarded community, but there was a favela(贫民窟) quite 42 .

  For several months I didn’t have a car, 43 three times a week, I took buses to go to the city centre. During these 44 , I would ride with the people who took the same bus from the favela to go to work. When I got on the bus, all the seats were already 45 . But when people saw that my bag was 46 , they offered to hold it on their legs to make me feel lighter 47 . At first, I was 48 . Then I realized that these people had absolutely no 49 to steal from me: they only wanted to 50 .

  Once, on my way back, I had to 51 a long time at a bus stop. I was 52 , except for a woman who was 53 very poor. She carried a small paper bag of popcorn and nothing else.

  While we were waiting, she walked over and 54 me some popcorn. I 55 her, but didn’t want to help myself to it. She then repeatedly 56 that I take from what was clearly her 57 food.

  That was the first time I had thought about how people who have almost nothing are sometimes able to 58 the little they have more “ 59 ” than those who own a lot. I wonder if it’s true that the more you have, the bigger the burden and the difficulty to share anything with others. I was so moved by that woman’s simple 60 that day. I clearly had more than she did, but she naturally and joyfully shared what little she had with me.

  41. A. small B. beautiful C. huge D. warm

  42. A. near B. similar C. quiet D. noisy

  43. A. because B. so C. but D. or

  44. A. visits B. trips C. holidays D. weekends

  45. A. checked B. reserved C. taken D. emptied

  46. A. light B. big C. worn D. heavy

  47. A. sitting B. standing C. walking D. carrying

  48. A. disappointed B. doubtful C. appreciated D. satisfied

  49. A. intention B. patience C. chance D. approach

  50. A. help B. meet C. greet D. change

  51. A. look for B. ask for C. wait for D. sit for

  52. A. nervous B. hungry C. scared D. alone

  53. A. obviously B. really C. probably D. especially

  54. A. bought B. offered C. sold D. made

  55. A. thanked B. refused C. doubted D. promised

  56. A. argued B. ordered C. insisted D. pretended

  57. A. delicious B. special C. sweet D. only

  58. A. share B. provide C. sell D. present

  59. A. anxiously B. commonly C. skillfully D. easily

  60. A. respect B. generosity C. confidence D. encouragement

  IV. 阅读理解 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  A

  A classical guitarist was excited to hear from New York City police that his valuable guitar had been found. It disappeared almost a year ago when he got out of a taxicab and forgot to take the guitar with him. Laurence Lennon, 44, said he was running late that day. He was talking to his manager on his cell phone when he rushed out of the cab. He said that he gave the driver $ 60 and told him to keep the change. He walked through the front doors of the concert hall still talking on the phone to his manager.

  As soon as he discovered his loss, Lennon used his cell phone to call the police. The policewoman asked him for the name of the cab company, the number of the cab, and the name of the driver. He said that she had to be kidding.

  She told Lennon that he could submit a missing items report at the police station or online. Lennon asked for the online address. She told him that finding the guitar might take a couple of years — finding guitars was not as important as finding murderers. Then she told him to have a nice day.

  “This year has been dissatisfactory,” said Lennon. “I had to put off the recording of two new CDs. I’ve been using borrowed guitars.”

  Lennon was reunited with his $100,000 guitar yesterday. The case and the guitar had been discovered in the corner of a coffeehouse only two blocks from where Lennon had lost it in the first place. Lennon had offered a $10, 000 reward for its return. He said he would give the reward to the coffeehouse owner, who had informed the police. The police department prepared a news report about its success in tracking down the guitar.

  61. According to the passage, Lennon was most probably running late for _____.

  A. meeting his manager B. a regular meeting

  C. a guitar performance D. giving a speech

  62. When did Lennon find that he had lost his guitar?

  A. When he rushed out of the cab.

  B. After he walked through the front doors of the concert hall.

  C. When he was talking with his manager on the phone.

  D. The passage didn’t mention exactly.

  63. From the underlined sentence in the second paragraph, we know _____.

  A. Lennon told all the information to the policewoman.

  B. Lennon only knew some information about the cab

  C. the policewoman was playing a joke on Lennon

  D. Lennon didn’t know anything about the cab

  64. After hearing what the policewoman said in the third paragraph, Lennon would _____.

  A. feel rather satisfied

  B. be sure of finding his guitar

  C. lose hope of recovering his guitar

  D. wait for the good news from the police patiently

  65. Which is the best title for this text?

  A. Valuable Guitar Found B. A Guitarist and His Guitar

  C. A Guitar Lost in a Cab D. The Police Looking for a Valuable Guitar

  B

  An extreme sport is a popular term for certain activities regarded as having a high level of danger. These activities often involve speed, height, and a high level of physical effort. In the past young athletes would play baseball. Today, they want risk and excitement—the closer to the edge, the better. They snowboard over cliffs and mountains, or bike down steep mountains.

  Extreme sports started as an alternative to more expensive sports such as golf. A city kid who couldn’t afford expensive sports equipment could get a skateboard and have fun. But now it has become a whole new area of sports, with specialized equipment and high levels of skill. There is even an Olympics for extreme sports, called the winter X-game, which includes snow mountain biking and ice climbing.

  What makes extreme sports so popular? People love the risk. City people want to be outdoors on the weekend and do something challenging. The new equipment is so much better that people can take more risks without getting hurt. Sure there’s a risk. Once you go mountain biking or snowboarding, it’s impossible to go back to bike riding or skiing. It’s just too boring.

  Now even the older crowd is starting to join in. Every weekend, groups of friends in their early 30s get together. On weekdays they work as computer programmers in the same office. On weekends they rent mountains together.

  Extreme sports are certainly not for everyone. Most people still prefer to play basketball or watch sports on TV. But it has been a fact that extreme sports are gaining in popularity.

  Nowadays more and more young athletes are taking part in the risky activities.

  66. All the following sports are X-sports EXCEPT_____.

  A. ice-climbing B. snowboarding C. skiing D. mountain-biking

  67. Which of the following is NOT the characteristic of extreme sports?

  A. Risky. B. Challenging. C. Exciting. D. Unskilled.

  68. The underlined word “alternative” in Paragraph 3 more probably means _____.

  A. replacement B. activity C. equipment D. competition

  69. Extreme sports have become so popular because _____.

  A. people can get better equipment to make sure they will not get hurt

  B. people are not interested in the traditional sports any more

  C. people want to do something risky after doing the same thing on weekdays

  D. extreme sports are easy to learn and less expensive.

  70. From the passage, we can learn that _____.

  A. all young people like extreme sports

  B. playing basketball is still a popular game

  C. people prefer extreme sports to traditional sports

  D. bike riding and skiing are boring sports

  C

  You’re rushing to work and a man ahead of you collapses on the sidewalk. Do you stop to help? In a study of by-standers, it was found that some people avert their gaze and keep on walking rather than stop and get involved.“There is a tendency to decide that no action is needed.” says a psychologist. “The first thoughts that pop into your mind often keep you from offering help. In order to take action, you have to work against them.” Here are some common thoughts that might prevent you from helping.

  ◆Why should I be the one? I’m probably not the most competent (有能力的) person in this crowd. You might think someone older or with more medical knowledge should offer assistance.

  ◆What if he doesn’t really need my help? The fear of embarrassment is powerful; no one wants to risk looking foolish in front of others.

  ◆No one else looks concerned—this must be a problem. We can follow the people around us, but most people tend to hold back their emotions in public.

  “If you spot trouble and find yourself explaining inaction, force yourself to stop and evaluate the situation instead of walking on.” says the psychologist. “Then retry to involve other people; you don’t have to take on the entire responsibility of being helpful. Sometimes it’s just a matter of turning to the person next to you and saying, “It looks like we should do something.” Or asking someone if an ambulance has been called and, if not, to call for one. Once you take action, most people will follow you.”

  71. Which is NOT the common thought that stops you from helping others?

  A. I’m not the very person capable of setting the problem.

  B. It looks like we should do something.

  C. It must not be a problem as no one else is concerned.

  D. The man doesn’t really need my help.

  72. According to a study of by-standers, what will some people do when a man ahead falls down on the sidewalk?

  A. They will call for help and then walk away.

  B. They will stop and offer help.

  C. They will look in other direction and go on walking.

  D. They will risk laughing at the helper.

  73. The underlined word “avert their gaze” in Paragraph1 probably means _____.

  A. fix their eyes on something

  B. pay close attention to something

  C. stare at something

  D. turn their eyes away from something

  74. According to the text, to offer other people your timely help, you need first to _____.

  A. ask others to take on responsibility

  B. follow the passers-by who spot the trouble

  C. go directly to the police station and ask for help

  D. work against the first thoughts that prevent you offering help

  75. The main purpose of the text is to tell readers _____ when spotting someone in trouble.

  A. to give others a hand

  B. to be more competent

  C. not to risk looking foolish

  D. to stop and think about the situation

  D

  Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to link the brain with computers. Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to machines.

  Recently, two researchers, Jose Millan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytechnic School in Lausanne, Switzerland, demonstrated (展示) a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person’s thoughts. In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right hand. He could even talk as he watched the vehicle and guided it with his thoughts.

  “Our brain has billions of nerve cells. These send signals through the spinal cord(脊髓) to the muscles to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries or other conditions can prevent these weak electrical signals from reaching the muscles,” Tavella says. “Our system allows disabled people to communicate with external (外部的) world and also to control devices.”

  The researchers designed a special cap for the users. This head cover picks up the signals from the scalp(头皮) and sends them to a computer. The computer interprets (translate) the signals and commands the motorized wheelchair. The wheelchair also has two cameras that identify( find or discover) objects in its paths. They help the computer react to commands from the brain.

  Professor Millan, the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that interprets brain signals and turns them into simple commands. “The practical possibilities that BCI technology offers to disabled people can be grouped in two categories: communication and controlling devices. One example is this wheelchair.

  He says his team has set two goals. One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is a technology they can benefit from. And the other is to guarantee that they can use the technology over long periods of time.

  76. BCI is a technology that can _____.

  A. help to update computer systems

  B. link the human brain with computer

  C. help the disabled to recover

  D. control a person’s thoughts

  77. How did Tavella operate the wheelchair in the laboratory?

  A. By controlling his muscles.

  B. By talking to the machine.

  C. By moving his hand.

  D. By using his mind.

  78. Which of the following shows the path of the signals described in Paragraph 4?

  A. scalp—computer—cap—wheelchair

  B. computer—cap—scalp—wheelchair

  C. scalp—cap—computer—wheelchair

  D. cap—computer—scalp—wheelchair

  79. The team will test with real patients to _____.

  A. make profits from them B. prove the technology useful to them

  C. make them live longer D. learn about their physical condition

  80.Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

  A. Switzerland, the BCI Research Center

  B. New Finding About How the Human Brain works

  C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled

  D. Robotic Vehicles could help to cure Brain Injuries

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