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2014高考英语辽宁卷

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第一篇:《2014辽宁高考英语试题及答案》

2014普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(辽宁卷) 英 语

注意事项:

1.本试卷分第卷和第卷两部分。答卷前,考试务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.作答时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

3.考试结束后,将本试卷和卡题卡一并交回。

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中.选出最佳选项,

并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

A new study shows students who write notes by hand during lectures perform better on exams than those who use laptops(笔记本电脑).

Students arc increasingly using laptops for note-taking because of speed and legibility(清晰度).But the research has found laptop users are less able to remember and apply the concepts they have been taught.

Researchers performed experiments that aimed to find out whether using a laptop increased the tendency to make notes "mindlessly" by taking down word for word what the professors said

In the first experiment, students were given either a laptop or pen and paper .They listened to the same lectures and were told to use their usual note-taking skills. Thirty minutes after the talk , they were examined on their ability to remember facts and on how well they understood concepts.

The researchers found that laptop users took twice as many notes as those who wrote by hand. However, the typists performed worse at remembering and applying the concepts. Both groups scored similarly when it came to memorizing facts.

The researchers' report said, "While more notes are beneficial, if the notes are taken mindlessly, as is more likely the case on a laptop, the benefit disappears."

In another experiment aimed at testing long-term memory, students took notes as before but were tested a week after the lecture. This time, the students who wrote notes by hand performed significantly better on the exam.

These two experiments suggest that handwritten notes are not only better for immediate learning and understanding, but that they also lead to superior revision in the future. A. write more notes B. digest concepts better

C. get higher scores D. understand lectures better A. skillful B. mindless

C. thoughtful D. tireless A. examine the importance of long-term memory

B. stress the benefit of taking notes by hand

C. explain the process of taking notes

D. promote the use of laptops

24. The passage is likely to appear in .

A. a newspaper advertisement B. a computer textbook

C. a science magazine D. a finance report

B

(Q = Question; A = Answer)

Situation I

Q: If someone sits right next to me in an empty movie theater, is it rude to move? A: Maybe, but nobody will fault you for it. Chances are that close sitter doesn't realize he disturbs you, so he may miss your annoyance. You undoubtedly aren't the first person he's met who needs enough room. Forgive his bad judgment, move quietly and enjoy the show.

Situation II

Q: If I use the bathroom at a store, do I need to buy something?

A: Consider frequency and urgency. Is this a one-time or an emergency? If so, you don't have to buy anything, but it would be kind if you did. However, if you regularly use the bathroom at this place, then you are a customer, and you should act like one.

Situation III

Q: If someone is talking loudly on the bus, is there a nice way to ask him to keep it down?

A: No. Try other means.1) Stare at him until he gets aware of it and quiets down. 2) Lift your finger in a silence motion(动作)and smile. 3) Put on earphones and ignore him.

Situation IN

Q: If I remember my friend's birthday a day late, should I apologize or just wish her a happy birthday like nothing happened?

A:short for: "Well, I know I forgot, but then I remembered. Forgive me and happy birthday."

Situation V

Q: Can I lie about seeing a text because I was too busy or lazy to respond(回复) to it? A: Don't lie. Receiving a text does not mean you need to respond to it. Why waste a perfectly good lie when the truth will serve? "Yes," you can say if ever asked, "I saw it." No explanation is needed as to why you don't respond.

25.A. a person is too active

B. a person is too rude to you

C. a person talks too loudly

D. a person sits too close to you

26. How will you quiet someone down in a public place?

A. By making fun of him continuously.

B. By looking purposefully at him.

C. By talking to him directly.

D. By pointing angrily at him. A. predicted B. returned C. cancelled D. delayed

28. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Modern ways to mind your manners.

B. Different ways to change others' manners.

C. Proper manners to offer help to others.

D. Good manners to talk to people.

C

Would it surprise you to learn that, like animals, trees communicate with each other and pass on their wealth to the next generation?

UBC Professor Simard explains how trees are much more complex than most of us

ever imagined. Although Charles Darwin thought that trees are competing for survival survive through their co-operation and support, passing around necessary nutrition "depending on who needs it".

Nitrogen (氮) and carbon are shared through miles of underground fungi (真菌) networks, making sure that all trees in the forest ecological system give and receive just the right amount to keep them all healthy. This hidden system works in a very similar way to the networks of neurons (神经元) in our brains, and when one tree is destroyed, it affects all.

Simard talks about "mother trees", usually the largest and oldest plants on which all other trees depend. She explains how dying trees pass on the wealth to the next generation, transporting important minerals to young trees so they may continue to grow. When humans cut down "mother trees" with no awareness of these highly complex "tree societies" or the networks on which they feed, we are reducing the chances of survival for the entire forest. into the young trees before dying, but we never give them chance." If we could put across the message to the forestry industry, we could make a huge difference towards our environmental protection efforts for the future.

29. The underlined sentence "the opposite is true" in Paragraph 2 probably means A. compete for survival

B. protect their own wealth

C. depend on each other

D. provide support for dying trees A. look the largest in size in the forest2014高考英语辽宁卷

B. pass on nutrition to young trees

C. seem more likely to be cut down by humans

D. know more about the complex "tree societies" A. how "tree societies" work

B. how trees grow old

C. how forestry industry develops

D. how young trees survive

32. What would be the best title for the passage?

A. Old Trees Communicate Like Humans

B. Young Trees Are In Need Of Protection

C. Trees Are More Awesome Than You Think

D. Trees Contribute To Our Society

D

Travis is the manager of G&G where he is responsible for forty employees (雇员)and profits (利润) of over $2 million per year. He's never late to work. He does not get upset on the job. When one of his employees started crying after a customer screamed at her, Travis took her away. "Your working uniform is your shelter," he told her. "Nothing anyone says will ever hurt you. You will always be as strong as you want to be."

Travis picked up that lecture in one of his G&G training courses, an education program that began on his first day and continues throughout an employee's occupation. The training has, Travis says, changed his life. G&G has taught him how to live, how to focus, how to get to work on time, and how to master his emotions (情绪). Most importantly, it taught him willpower.

At the center of that education is an extreme focus on an all-important habit; willpower. Dozens of cases show that willpower is the single most important habit for a person's success.

And the best way to strengthen willpower is to make it into a habit. "Sometimes it looks like people with great self-control aren't working hard—but that's because they've made it automatic," Angela Duckworth, one of the University of Pennsylvania researchers said. "Their willpower occurs without them having to think about it."

第二篇:《2014年高考英语辽宁卷》

2014年高考英语辽宁卷

注意事项:

1.本试卷分第卷和第卷两部分。答卷前,考试务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.作答时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

3.考试结束后,将本试卷和卡题卡一并交回。

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)2014高考英语辽宁卷

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中.选出最佳选项,

并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

A new study shows students who write notes by hand during lectures perform better on exams than those who use laptops(笔记本电脑).

Students arc increasingly using laptops for note-taking because of speed and legibility(清晰度).But the research has found laptop users are less able to remember and apply the concepts they have been taught.

Researchers performed experiments that aimed to find out whether using a laptop increased the tendency to make notes "mindlessly" by taking down word for word what the professors said In the first experiment, students were given either a laptop or pen and paper .They listened to the same lectures and were told to use their usual note-taking skills. Thirty minutes after the talk , they were examined on their ability to remember facts and on how well they understood concepts.

The researchers found that laptop users took twice as many notes as those who wrote by hand. However, the typists performed worse at remembering and applying the concepts. Both groups scored similarly when it came to memorizing facts.

The researchers' report said, "While more notes are beneficial, if the notes are taken mindlessly, as is more likely the case on a laptop, the benefit disappears."

In another experiment aimed at testing long-term memory, students took notes as before but were tested a week after the lecture. This time, the students who wrote notes by hand performed significantly better on the exam.

These two experiments suggest that handwritten notes are not only better for immediate learning and understanding, but that they also lead to superior revision in the future.

21. More and more students favor laptops for note-taking because they can A. write more notes B. digest concepts better

C. get higher scores D. understand lectures better

A. skillful B. mindless

C. thoughtful D. tireless

.

A. examine the importance of long-term memory

B. stress the benefit of taking notes by hand

C. explain the process of taking notes

D. promote the use of laptops

24. The passage is likely to appear in .

A. a newspaper advertisement B. a computer textbook

C. a science magazine D. a finance report

B

(Q = Question; A = Answer)

Situation I

Q: If someone sits right next to me in an empty movie theater, is it rude to move?

A: Maybe, but nobody will fault you for it. Chances are that close sitter doesn't realize he disturbs you, so he may miss your annoyance. You undoubtedly aren't the first person he's met who needs enough room. Forgive his bad judgment, move quietly and enjoy the show.

Situation II

Q: If I use the bathroom at a store, do I need to buy something?

A: Consider frequency and urgency. Is this a one-time or an emergency? If so, you don't have to buy anything, but it would be kind if you did. However, if you regularly use the bathroom at this place, then you are a customer, and you should act like one.

Situation III

Q: If someone is talking loudly on the bus, is there a nice way to ask him to keep it down?

A: No. Try other means.1) Stare at him until he gets aware of it and quiets down. 2) Lift your finger in a silence motion(动作)and smile. 3) Put on earphones and ignore him.

Situation IN

Q: If I remember my friend's birthday a day late, should I apologize or just wish her a happy birthday like nothing happened?

2014高考英语辽宁卷

A:"Well, I know I forgot, but then I remembered. Forgive me and happy birthday."

Situation V

Q: Can I lie about seeing a text because I was too busy or lazy to respond(回复) to it?

A: Don't lie. Receiving a text does not mean you need to respond to it. Why waste a perfectly good lie when the truth will serve? "Yes," you can say if ever asked, "I saw it." No explanation is needed as to why you don't respond.

25.You will get annoyed in a theater when .

A. a person is too active

B. a person is too rude to you

C. a person talks too loudly

D. a person sits too close to you

26. How will you quiet someone down in a public place?

A. By making fun of him continuously.

B. By looking purposefully at him.

C. By talking to him directly.

D. By pointing angrily at him.

A. predicted B. returned C. cancelled D. delayed

28. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Modern ways to mind your manners.

B. Different ways to change others' manners.

C. Proper manners to offer help to others.

D. Good manners to talk to people.

C

Would it surprise you to learn that, like animals, trees communicate with each other and pass on their wealth to the next generation?

UBC Professor Simard explains how trees are much more complex than most of us

ever imagined. Although Charles Darwin thought that trees are competing for survival of the their co-operation and support, passing around necessary nutrition "depending on who needs it".

Nitrogen (氮) and carbon are shared through miles of underground fungi (真菌)

networks, making sure that all trees in the forest ecological system give and receive just the right amount to keep them all healthy. This hidden system works in a very similar way to the networks of neurons (神经元) in our brains, and when one tree is destroyed, it affects all.

Simard talks about "mother trees", usually the largest and oldest plants on which all other trees depend. She explains how dying trees pass on the wealth to the next generation, transporting important minerals to young trees so they may continue to grow. When humans cut down "mother trees" with no awareness of these highly complex "tree societies" or the networks on which they feed, we are reducing the chances of survival for the entire forest.

"We didn't take any notice of Simard says sadly. "Dying trees move nutrition into the young trees before dying, but we never give them chance." If we could put across the message to the forestry industry, we could make a huge difference towards our environmental protection efforts for the future.

29. The underlined sentence "the opposite is true" in Paragraph 2 probably means that trees

A. compete for survival

2014高考英语辽宁卷

B. protect their own wealth

C. depend on each other

D. provide support for dying trees

30. "Mother trees" are extremely important because they .

A. look the largest in size in the forest

B. pass on nutrition to young trees2014高考英语辽宁卷

C. seem more likely to be cut down by humans

D. know more about the complex "tree societies"

31. The underlined word "it" in the last paragraph refers to .

A. how "tree societies" work

B. how trees grow old

C. how forestry industry develops

D. how young trees survive

32. What would be the best title for the passage?

A. Old Trees Communicate Like Humans

B. Young Trees Are In Need Of Protection

C. Trees Are More Awesome Than You Think

D. Trees Contribute To Our Society

D

2014高考英语辽宁卷

Travis is the manager of G&G where he is responsible for forty employees (雇员)and profits (利润) of over $2 million per year. He's never late to work. He does not get upset on the job. When one of his employees started crying after a customer screamed at her, Travis took her away. "Your working uniform is your shelter," he told her. "Nothing anyone says will ever hurt you. You will always be as strong as you want to be."

Travis picked up that lecture in one of his G&G traini

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