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2015至2016年公共英语三级考试真题

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第一篇:《最新全国职称英语等级考试卫生类A级历年真题及答案(2003-2015)(WORD打印完整版)》

全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级) 历年真题及参考答案(2003-2015)

目 录

2015年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生(A级)真题及参考答案

2014年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生(A级)真题及参考答案

2013年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................... 1

2012年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................. 33

2011年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................. 42

2010年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................. 51

2009年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................. 66

2008年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................. 79

2007年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................. 88

2006年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................. 96 2005年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ............................................................... 104 2004年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ................................................................113 2003年度全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)真题及参考答案 ............................................................... 124

2015年全国职称英语等级考试卫生类(A级)试题

第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

1. A. sentence B. comments C. conclusions D. Theories

2. A. courteous B. curious C. quiet D. shy A. embraced B. held C. kissed D. patted A. heard of B. looked of C. spoken of D. rubbed out A. talked B. wrote C. spoke D. complained A. chair B. attend C. celebrate D. prepare A. courageous B. greedy C. angry D. glorious A. decision B. mistake C. promise D. plan

9. He came back home ,A. scared B. worried C. exhausted D. frightened A. late B. unfriendly C. suddenly D. unfold A. kept thinking about B. took advantage of

C. paid no attention to D. cared nothing about A. almost B. probably C. cpmpletely D. evidently A. cool B. comfortable C. cold D. clean A. predict B. argue C. think D. suggest A. tall B. weak C. slim D. pale

第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题l分,共7分)

下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

One-third of parents lack facts about child development

One-third of parents of babies have a surprisingly low knowledge of child development, including basic concepts about what their children should know or how they should act, a new study finds.

For instance, the study found that many parents don't know that 1-year-olds can't tell the difference between right and wrong, and often don't cooperate or share when playing with other children.

The results are surprising because the parents who took part in the survey had young children, said lead author Dr. Heather Paradis, a pediatric fellow at the University of Rochester Medical Center, in New York."They were watching or had just watched their kids go through this development, and they were probably the most knowledgeable of anybody."

Paradis and her colleagues examined the results of a survey of parents -- 98.6 percent of whom were mothers -- of more than 10,000 9-month-old babies. As part of the survey, the parents were asked 11 questions designed to test their knowledge of a baby's development.

The researchers also examined what the parents said about their interactions with their children, and watched videotapes of how the parents taught new things to their kids.

One-third of those surveyed incorrectly answered four or more of the questions. Even when the researchers adjusted the statistics to account for such factors as education levels and income, those parents were still less likely to enjoy "healthy interactions" with their children.

A lack of proper understanding of a child's development can cause assorted problems, Paradis said. For example, she said, a mother might expect an 18-month-old child to sit still for a doctor's appointment, even though children that age are normally curious and like to wander around.

"A mom could misinterpret a child's normal curiosity as intentionally being defiant, and could respond with harsh discipline, withdrawal of affection and repetition of that pattern over time," Paradis said. "That could hinder the child's potential for full growth and development."2015至2016年公共英语三级考试真题

The findings were to be presented Sunday at the Pediatric Academic Societies' meeting in Honolulu. One solution, Paradis said, is for pediatricians to take a more active role in educating new parents. "By improving knowledge of child development among all parents, not just those who are at highest risk, there's an opportunity to enhance parent-child interaction," she said. "It can ultimately lead to better parenting."

16. A majority of parents of babies know little about child development.

A. Right B. wrong C. Not mentioned

17. Babies of one year old have no sense of right or wrong.

A. Right B. wrong C. Not mentioned

18. The parents surveyed were asked 11 questions on child development.

A. Right B. wrong C. Not mentioned

19. Most American families are nuclear rather than extended ones.

A. Right B. wrong C. Not mentioned

20. Most mothers with young children prefer to stay at home.

A. Right B. wrong C. Not mentioned

21. Children of one and a half years old like to sit still.

A. Right B. wrong C. Not mentioned

22. Parent-child interaction can in no way be improved.

A. Right B. wrong C. Not mentioned

第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23—30题,每题1分,共8分)

下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

Ebola Outbreak

1.You are likely aware that several countries in West Africa are batting an Ebola Outbreak. Ebola is a dangerous and often lethal viral infection. Scientists believe that humans contracted the virus by eating the meat of rare animals .It is now believed that bats are the primary carriers of the virus.

2. To date ,there are only three major countries in West Africa experiencing a major outbreak :Sierra Leone ,Liberia and Guinea .However ,other countries such as Nigeria have reported confirmed cases of Ebola within their borders.

3.Unless you recently visited one of the three affected West countries, your risk of contracting the virus is virtually zero .Unlike other recent airborne virus outbreaks like SARS, the Ebola virus can only be spread through direct contact with an infected person .Specifically ,Ebola is spread through contact with body fluids. Though ,the virus is transmittable, only an infected person exhibiting symptoms is communicable .

4.The signs and symptoms of Ebola are non-specific and patients typically exhibit them after a week of contracting the virus .Symptoms may appear as early as two days or as late as three weeks after initial infection. Symptoms include disgust, weakness and stomach pain. More uncommon symptoms include chest pain, bleeding and sore throat.

5.Ebola is devastating because of its ability to attack and replicate in every organ of the body .This causes an overstimulation of the body's inflammatory response ,causing the flu-like symptoms .The virus also causes bleeding and impairs the body's normal clotting mechanism(凝血机制),making bleeding even more severe .Loss of blood volume and decreased organ perfusion(器官灌注),ultimately lead to organ failure and death.

6.The current outbreak is the deadliest viral outbreak in over 35 years .While diseases such as the malaria (疟疾)are far more communicable ,Ebola is one of the world's most fatal viral infections. Ebola's fatality rate exceeds that of SARS.

23 paragraph 2_______

24 paragraph 3_______

25 paragraph 4_______

26 paragraph 5_______

27

28 29 30 The Ebola virus transmits by contact with _______.

A. infected body fluids

B. against the outbreak severity

C. the mode of transmission

D. the initial days of being infected

E. three countries in West Africa

F. within a wide range of days

第4部分:阅读理解(第31—45题,每题3分,共45分)下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

第一篇 Ear Breakthrough

New research published in the journal Current Biology has added significantly to understanding of

how the ear works, giving hope to millions of deaf and hard of hearing people.

The latest research, conducted by Dr. Jorg T. Albet, a Deafness Research UK research fellow at the UCL Ear Institute, together with scientists at the University of Cologne, shows that fruit flies have ears which mechanically amplify sound signals in a remarkably similar way to the sensory(感觉的)cells found in the inner ear of vertebrates(脊椎动物)including humans. The finding means that the wealth of genetic techniques already available to study the fruit fly can now be used to target how the ear works.

Dr.Albert says."The biophysical parallels between the ways both fruit flies and humans convert sound into nerve signals are truly amazing.We may be allowed to hope that these mechanistic(机械学的)similarities extend further down to the genes and molecules that bring about hearing.But even if it finally should turn out that hearing in fruit flies relies on different molecules than does hearing in humans, the little fruit fly can help us find answers to some key questions of hearing research and –what is sometimes even more important -will surely help us ask the right questions."

The work is welcomed by Deafness Research UK, the country’s only medical research charity for deaf people.Vivienne Michael, chief executive of Deafness Research UK.says," This is an important advance that paves the way toward a clear understanding of the genetics of deafness.

The charity will continue to support culling-edge(尖端的)research through its Fellowship programme at the UCI.Ear institute and at other top research centres in the UK to achieve our goal of securing audical improvements in the prevention,diagnosis and treatment of all forms of hearing impairment"

There are nine million deaf and hard of hearing people in the UK and in most cases deafness results from loss of sensory cells in the inner ear known as "hair", cells.The cells can be images and lost through ageing, noise, genetic defects and certain drugs and, because the cells don’t regenerate, the result is progressive -and irreversible -hearing loss .Damage to these cells can also lead to tinnitus(耳鸣),which affects around five million people in the UK.

31. A person who is hard of hearing is_____.

2015至2016年公共英语三级考试真题

A. not able to hear properly

B. totally deaf form birth

C. unwilling to listen to others

D. ignorant of how the ear works

32. Quite a number of genetic techniques have been used_____.

A. to target how the ear works

B. to study the fruit fly

C. to stimulate sensory cells

D. to amplify sound signals

33. Fruit files and humans share similarities in how they_____.

A. ask and answer questions

B. pass on their genes

C. reproduce

2015至2016年公共英语三级考试真题

D. convert sound into nerve signals

34. Vivienne Michael from Deafness Research UK highly appreciates_____.

A. the genetics of deafness

B. the charity’s Fellowship programme

C. improvements in treating hearing impairment

D. the latest research conducted by Dr.Albert.

35. Hearing loss caused by damage to the sensory cells_____.

第二篇:《2015年全国高考英语试题评析及2016年备考》

2015年全国高考英语试题(新课标I)评析

2015年新课标1卷的英语难度比较平均,没有超出每轮复习题目的难度。今年是河南考生使用新课标卷的第四年,试卷中出现的几个新题型需要引起我们高度注意。

短文改错:难度较低,词法基础是关键

2015年的短文改错可以称得上是近几年新课标1卷的中最简单的一篇,难度:易,全部都考查的是词法部分。考点分别为:动词时态、语态,冠词、连词、介词、形容词和副词、名词、情态动词、代词。而这些考点的出题角度也都是我们在整个三轮复习当中一直给考生们强调的,比如名词的单复数,代词的人称一致性,形容词和副词的变形等。这道题考查的主要是考生的细心和仔细程度。

语法填空:基础为主,主要侧重实词考核

语法填空的文章词汇量并不大,难度:稍难,主要考点也是从动词,名词,介词,代词,形容词和副词,词法的角度来出题,还包括一个定语从句的关系词选择。在这些语法填空中,对于动词中非谓语动词的考查是一个重点,也算是这些空格中的难题,比如68应填conducted,是过去分词作定语的用法,而此重点知识我们在第三轮倒数第三次课时又反复强调过。

七选五:高中词汇为基础,从前后文求线索

2015年的七选五难度大约中等,没有生词,但是需要对于高中学过的词汇意思相当熟悉,比如victim, betray, circumstance等词。这篇文章中的信号词和逻辑词给的比较充分和明显,比如“having confidence in yourself”,与选项中的“really trust yourself”是同义替换,如果按照我们在二轮复习中的同词法来做题的话会比较轻松。除了以上三个新题型外,其它常规题目中阅读理解和完形填空部分选项难度偏大,而写作部分的书信实属最令考生自信的部分。

阅读理解:难易结合,最后两篇区分度大

A篇广告阅读,沿袭全国1卷常规,难度:易。题型分布:3个细节题,全部可以通过定位技巧做答。

B篇记叙文,描写和对比了美国纽约和南部小镇西红柿的质量,情节简单,三大类实词均是生活常用词,但是文章出现倒装,虚拟,夸张等写作手法,增加了文章理解的难度。好在题目设置较为简单。题型分布:3个细节题,1个理解题。应用细节定位和关键句理解技巧可得分。

C篇是艺术家及其作品展介绍,本篇词汇较难,句式结构较复杂,对学生词汇和语法的要求较高。题型分布:2个细节题,2个理解题,需熟记高中高频单词和句法,且结合阅读技

巧方可顺利做答。

D篇借新兴主题餐厅介绍,导入社会性话题的讨论。文章涉及高中较难语法-虚拟语气,会对学生理解造成一定的障碍。题型分布:2个细节题,2个理解题。需要理解透全篇才能顺利作答。阅读总体效度较高,能够有效区分英语基础较高和偏弱的学生。

完形填空:词汇量+方法=成功

2015年的完形填空对于河南考生来说做起来会很顺利,因为选用的文章体裁与往年的类似,都是记叙文,故事加最后感悟的形式。另外文章和选项的词汇量都不大,主要以考查动词,名词和形容词/副词为主。做题时仍然需要根据“上下求索”的方法来判断选项。

写作:李华回归,书信当家

2015年新课标卷的写作最终仍以 “Yours, LiHua”结尾,完全没有出乎大家的预料,也使考生在考试中多了一份自信与淡定,因为在高考整个三轮复习中书信一直作为重点体裁反复练习。本篇文章是邀请信的其中一种形式,需要考生介绍清楚约稿的各个细节,内容要点很清晰,但是对于某些考生来说可能会在一些细节上出现问题,比如时间介词的选择等。

总之,今年的新课标1卷题目虽然整体难度不大,但是从阅读理解和完形填空这两个题型上仍然可以有效区分出考生的英语水平。

第三篇:《2016年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)真题 含答案》

2016年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)试题真题

(答案整理截至2015-12-27)

Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

In Cambodia the choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends,1those of the young women, but also a matchmaker. A young man can 2 a likely spouse on his own and them ask his parents to 3 the marriage negotiations. or the young man's parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection. 4 , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. 5 a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying 6 a good family.

The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days 7 by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and 8 prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, 9 cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride's and groom's wrists ,and 10 a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the 11 .Newlyweds traditionally move in with the wife's parents and may 12 with them up to a year, 13 they can build a flew house nearby.

Divorce is legal and easy to 14 ,but not common .Divorced persons are 15 with some disapproval. Each spouse retains 16 property he or she 17 into the marriage, and jointly -acquired property is 18 equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice 19 up .The divorced male doesn't have a waiting period before he can remarry 20 the woman must wait the months.

1. [A] by way of [B] as well as [C] on behalf of [D] with regard to

2. [A] adapt to [B] provide for [C]compete with [D] decide on

3. [A] close [B] renew [C]arrange [D] postpone

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