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第一节 完形填空 (共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分)
Money can‘t buy happiness, right? Well, not true. According to a recent article in The Wall Street Journalbroadly speaking, happier than those who struggle to get by. But the research also shows you have some ways to better spend your money: 东西). A recently published study showed that when people don‘t have much money to spare, they tend to stick to material goods. People think that experiences are only going to provide happiness, but in a long term, they actually provide both more happiness and more lasting value.
Then, buy lots of little things, rather than one big thing. No matter how much money you and it will become just another Such is human nature that people new stuff, and any new thing is likely to bring about happiness, says an Atlantic article. Therefore, buying small things can give us small pleasures that are different each time they occur. It‘s also important to consider how what you‘re buying will good idea, but according to The Wall Street Journal, a 2004 study found that people with longer commutes(往返to receive.
1. A. learning B. understanding C. misbelief D. usage
2. A. spend B. react C. feel D. waste
3. A. incomes B. skills C. education D. intelligence
4. A. mark B. expression C. point D. smile
5. A. happiness B. lessons C. experiences D. difficulties
6. A. temporary B. unbelievable C. rare D. huge
7. A. rare B. precious C. expensive D. special
8. A. computer B. object C. product D. car
9. A. buy B. follow C. find D. bear
10. A. frequent B. unforgettable C. costing D. equal
11. A. show B. buy C. consider D. spare
12. A. towns B. cities C. countries D. suburbs
13. A. lower B. greater C. faster D. easier
14. A. rich B. developed C. diverse D. poor
15. A. earning B. donating C. using D. holding
Each summer in the late 1960s, my two sisters and I would ride the Greyhound bus from Arizona to Arkansas to stay with our father.
A World WarⅡsoldier, Dad had many I have vivid memories of Dad (wake) us up in the morning. Sitting on his ―Up, up, up! Get up and face the day! It‘s a beautiful day! Rise and Shine!‖ If we didn‘t get up right away, he would repeat his song in 手杖(true) a beautiful day to him.
Back in the sixties, there was no handicapped (残疾人专用的) parking or
was a difficult task. Dad wanted no assistance from anyone. He would climb stairs slowly but surely, whistling all the way. As a teenager, I found this embarrassing, if Dad noticed, he didn‘t let me help. Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节，满分50分)
I find it humorous sometimes that even the most ordinary incidents can have an impact on our awareness.
My wife, daughter, and I moved into our home nine years ago and we spent a lot of time and energy in the yard to get it looking like it does today. We live on a corner, higher than street level, and the entire side of the yard is surrounded by a professionally built rock wall. The front of the house though is another story because instead of a wall along the sidewalk, the rocks appear to be just thrown up onto the dirt as if someone were in a hurry to finish.
We did the best we could with what we had to work with and called this area our ―rock garden‖. Whenever we had leftover flowers or plants, Denise or I would stick them out front, just to bring some color to the area.
Last summer I had reached the end of the rock garden and found a tiny little plant that I could not immediately identify. I knew I didn‘t plant it and Denise claimed that she didn‘t either. We decided to let it continue growing until we could figure out what it was.
Weeks passed and as I made my way back to the mystery plant, it appeared to be a Sunflower. It had a tall skinny stalk (茎it. As I pulled rocks from the area to get to the weeds, I noticed something unusual. The Sunflower had not started where I saw the stalk begin. It actually had begun under a big rock and grown under and around it to reach the sun.
That‘s when I realized that if a tiny little Sunflower didn‘t let a big rock stand in its way of developing, we too have the ability to do the same thing. We believe in ourselves like that little Sunflower, we can attain the same food and nutrition as well.
Stand tall like the Sunflower and be proud of who and what you are and the environment will begin to support you. You will find a way to go under or around your big obstacle(障碍) in order to reach your desires.
26. We can know from the second paragraph that _________.
A. the author finished building his home hurriedly
B. it took the author 9 years to make the yard beautiful
C. the author‘s home was made of rock walls
D. the author‘s family have lived in this home for 9 years
27. Why did the author and his wife decide to let the tiny little plant grow?
A. Because they were interested in every little plant.
B. Because they wanted to discover what it was.
C. Because they wanted to use it to make the yard colorful.
D. Because they were touched by its strong will.
28. What does the underlined phrase ―baby it along‖ mean?
A. make shelter for it B. leave it alone
C. take good care of it D. put it elsewhere
29. What can be inferred from this passage?
A. Human beings are able to remove obstacles.
B. The universal Truth made the Sunflower survive.i,,find,it,humorous。
C. A big rock blocked out the sunlight of the Sunflower.
D. We can achieve success as long as we are self-confident.
30. What is the best title of the passage?
A. The story a sunflower B. Stand like the sunflower
C. Working in the Yard D. Discover in the Yard
It‘s just a small, white envelope stuck among the branches of our Christmas tree. No name on it and it has been there for the past 10 years or so.
It all began because my husband Mike hated Christmas. He didn‘t hate the true meaning of Christmas, but the commercial aspects of it; overspending, the crazy running around at the last minute to get a tie for Uncle Harry and the dusting powder(除尘粉) for Grandma and the gifts given in desperation because you couldn‘t think of anything else. forth. I reached for something special just for Mike. The inspiration came in an unusual way.i,,find,it,humorous。
Our son Kevin, who was 12 that year, was wrestling(摔跤) at the junior level at the school he attended and shortly before Christmas, there was a non-league match against a team sponsored by an inner-city church, mostly black.
These youngsters, dressed in sneakers so ragged that shoestrings seemed to be the only thing holding them together, presented a sharp contrast to our boys in their blue and gold uniforms and sparkling(闪闪发光的) new wrestling shoes.
As the match began, I was alarmed to see that the other team was wrestling without headgear, a kind of light helmet designed to protect a wrestler‘s ears.
It was a luxury the poor boys obviously could not afford. Well, we ended up beating them out. However, when each of their boys got up from the mat, he walked in an extremely proud and confident way, appearing that they didn‘t acknowledge defeat.
Mike, seated beside me, shook his head sadly, ―I wish just one of them could have won,‖ he said. ―They have a lot of potential, but losing like this could take the heart right out of them.‖
Mike loved kids--all kids--and he knew them, and then the idea for his present suddenly came into my mind.
31. Why did Mike hate Christmas?
A. Mike hated the over consumption in the Christmas.
B. Mike didn‘t want to buy gifts for Uncle Harry.
C. Mike didn‘t like the tradition of Christmas.
D. Mike hated receiving gifts in the Christmas.
32. What does the underlined word ―bypass‖ mean?
A. give up B. buy C. throw away D. change
33. What was Mike‘s reaction to the non-league match?
A. Mike hoped that his son would win the match.
B. Mike felt sympathy for the team of black boys.
C. Mike thought the black boys were too proud.
D. The equipment of his boy was too luxurious.
34. What is probably going to be mentioned in the following passage?
A. How Mike‘s boy won the non-league match.
B. What gifts the author bought and why she bought them.
D. Why Mike decided to coach the black boys.
C. How the black boys turned defeat into victory.
35. The writer‘s purpose of writing this passage is to _____.
A. show the importance of coaching
B. illustrate how a difficult life the black boys led
C. tell a story of a special Christmas present
D. show her pride in her boy‘s good performance
I recently read about an athlete who made it all the way to the Olympics even though he didn‘t like his chosen sport. Many people committed their entire life to seeking one tiny, yet powerful sentence—I‘m proud of you. At some point we all have someone we want to please, whose approval means the world to us.
I have an extremely clear memory of the person I wanted approval from, the kind of memory that stays entirely clear. I had parroted someone‘s opinion about buying a Canadian soda. ―We should really support our own economy,‖ I, a ten-year-old child, said. I had no idea what that meant, but I was looked at with approval, and my heart felt warm. It felt so good.
I loved that feeling. The approval of my hero. It was nothing like the Olympic athlete, but I made some very big decisions based on what might make them proud. I was hugely affected by wanting their approval.
Four months ago this person removed me from their life. It hurt a lot. However, in life there is rarely hurt without growth. I recently reflected on myself and my behavior since then and noticed something—I feel free.
This realization made me see how often I was modifying myself according to the thought, ―what would they think?‖ It was shockingly frequent. This person had become a typical example of all kinds of people, and I‘d been constantly avoiding judgment. I suddenly felt like I‘d been a stupid version of myself my whole life!
Yes, I‘d been using the desire for approval as an unconscious excuse for hiding now as I never really believe in myself. Are you hiding? I hid in approval-seeking. But remember: it‘s okay to not be accepted. In fact, you will never be accepted. If you finally gain the approval that was so dearly wanted, it will be lost from someone else. (Yourself, likely) You will also miss out on connecting with people who really do see you, and who think you kick ass(了不起的人).
A messy falling out isn‘t necessary to be freed from wanting someone‘s approval. You don‘t even have to tell them that you no longer care what they think of you. Just go ahead and do what makes you happy, be yourself, and go for the things you really want in life. Do your thing, and let them do theirs.
36. Which of the following is true about the author?
A. He used to make a decision by asking advice.
B. He used to make decisions by seeking approval.
C. He used to make decision randomly.
D. He liked to copy other‘s opinion about buy things
37. What did the author mean by saying ―in life there is rarely hurt without grow‖?
A. People are definitely hurt by others whey they grow up
B. When people get hurt, they tend to grow up
C. People feels painful when they have to grow up.
D. People can be easily hurt in their growth.
38. Why did the author want to get the approval?
A. Because he admired his ―hero‖ very much.
B. Because he wanted to hide himself from others.
C. Because he didn‘t know what he really wanted.
D. Because he was not confident about himself.
39. According to the author, people should ___________.
A. pursue the things they really want
B. try to satisfy all the people around them
C. let others know they don‘t mind their opinions
D. try their best to be accepted by others
40. From which section of a newspaper does this passage probably come from?
A. Society B. Psychology C. Education D. Entertainment
The Greenland ice sheet is likely to be more vulnerable(易受伤害的) to global warming than previously thought. The temperature threshold（门槛，极限） for melting the ice sheet completely is in the range of 0.8 to 3.2 degrees Celsius(摄氏) of global warming, with a best estimate of 1.6 degrees above pre-industrial levels, shows a new study. Today, already 0.8 degrees of global warming has been observed.
Significant melting of land ice could contribute to long-term sea-level rise of several meters and therefore it potentially affects the lives of many millions of people. The time it takes before most of the ice in Greenland is lost strongly depends on the level of warming. ―The more we exceed (超过) the threshold, the faster it melts,‖ says Alexander Robinson, lead-author of the study now published in Nature Climate Change. In a business-as-usual scenario(方案) of greenhouse-gas emissions, in the long run humanity might be aiming at 8 degrees Celsius of global warming. This would result in one fifth of the ice sheet melting within 500 years and a complete loss in 2000 years, according to the study. ―This is not what one would call a rapid collapse,‖ says Robinson. ―However, compared to what has happened in our planet‘s history, it is fast. And we might already be approaching the decisive threshold.‖
In contrast, if global warming would be limited to 2 degrees Celsius, complete melting would happen on a timescale of 50.000 years. Still, even within this temperature range often considered a global guardrail(护栏), the Greenland ice sheet is not secure.
Under certain conditions the melting of the Greenland ice sheet becomes irreversible（不可逆的）. If the global temperature significantly passes over the threshold for a long time, the ice will continue melting and not regrow -- even if the climate would, after many thousand years, return to its pre-industrial state. This is related to feedbacks between the climate and the ice sheet: The ice
sheet is over 3000 meters thick and thus raised into cooler altitudes. When it melts its surface comes down to lower altitudes with higher temperatures, which accelerates the melting. Also, the ice reflects a large part of solar radiation back into space. When the area covered by ice decreases, more radiation is absorbed and this adds to regional warming.
41. __________ of global warming will cause the Greenland ice sheet to melt completely.
A. 0.8-3.2 degrees Celsius B. 1.6 degrees Celsius
C. o.8 degrees Celsius D. 0.8-1.6 degrees Celsius
42. How long most of the ice in the Greenland will melt completely depends on_________.
A. the sea-level rise B. the level of warming
C. the loss of ice D. the human activities
43. In paragraph 2, what Robinson says means that ____________.
A. the loss of ice sheet in the Greenland can be overlooked
B. the loss of ice sheet in the Greenland is a natural process
C. the loss of ice sheet in the Greenland should be prevented without delay.
D. humans should be criticized for the loss of ice sheet in the Greenland
44. What is the author‘s attitude towards the melting of the Greenland ice sheet?
A. Indifferent(漠不关心的) B. Pessimistic(悲观的)
C. Concerned(担忧的) D. Critical(批评的)
45. What‘ll happen if the ice sheet continues to melt?
A. The temperatures may go down.
B. It will accelerate the melting itself.
C. It will reflect more solar radiation back.
D. The ice sheet will go into cooler altitudes.
A. Be polite to salespeople, but don‘t feel like they‘re your new best friends. Don‘t buy something because you‘re worried about hurting their feelings or having made them do a lot of work helping you or explaining products to you. At the same time, be respectful of clerks‘ efforts.
B. Be careful of the check-out areas. There are lots of attractive little items here; ask yourself if you really need something before you add it to your pile: how many times have I picked up a jar of Balmex?
C. Get in and get out. The more time you spend in a store, the more you‘re likely to buy. Even better: don‘t even go in the store. Then you definitely won‘t buy.
D. Beware of sale items, which make you feel like you can‘t afford not to buy, or limited-time offers, which make you feel like you have to take advantage of a special deal. If you don‘t need or want something, it‘s not a good deal, not matter how cheap it is.i,,find,it,humorous。
E. Don‘t buy anything that you don‘t know you need – this is especially important with clothes. If you‘re not careful, you can buy a pair of pants marked down 75%, then realize that you can‘t really wear them unless you buy the right shoes to go with them.i,,find,it,humorous。
F. Choose cash or credit card. Some people find it far harder to spend actual physical cash; other people find that paying credit cards makes a purchase seem trivial, even when the dollar amount is high. Know whether you‘re more inclined to overspend with cash or credit cards – and leave that payment method at home.
46. Emma tends to buy unnecessary things when she is waiting to check out. The little items on show there are usually attractive and cheap, which makes her buy more than she has planned.
47. Mary is a shopaholic, who goes shopping nearly five times a week. Every time she steps into a shop, she will buy a lot of things she doesn‘t need.
48. Gloria doesn‘t always go shopping but whenever she goes, she will buy a lot of