当前位置:首页 > 英语作文 > 正文
文章正文

by,the,logic,of,geography

英语作文 > :by,the,logic,of,geography是由小学生作文网(www.zzxu.cn)为您精心收集,如果觉得好,请把这篇文章复制到您的博客或告诉您的朋友,以下是by,the,logic,of,geography的正文:

第一篇:《专职翻译测试稿及答案》

Time to accept our place in Asian region

“By the logic of geography, the continent of Australia should have been populated with Asians. Instead, by an accident of history, Australia has been predominantly populated with Westerners.”

This is how I began a paper for the Australian National University in August, which concluded that as Australia‟s Western destiny was coming to an end, it had to start preparing for its Asian destiny.

Sadly, no major Australian newspaper or pundit commented. This made me aware that Australian‟s intelligentsia is still reluctant to face head on Australia‟s painful new geopolitical realities.

Against this backdrop, the release of the Asian Century white paper is timely. It should provide a sharp wake-up call to the Australian population that Australia‟s destiny is now firmly tied to Asia. Julia Gillard is absolutely right in saying: “The transformation of the Asian region into the economic powerhouse of the world is not only unstoppable, it is gathering pace.”

One truly impressive part of the paper is the data it provides on Asia‟s rise. It notes, for example, that “in the past 20 years, China and India have almost tripled their share of the global economy and increased their absolute economic size almost six times over. By 2025, the region as a whole will account for almost half the world‟s output.”

The paper could have helpfully added that from the year 1 to 1820, China and India always had the world‟s two largest economies. Hence, the past 200 years of Western economic domination was a major historical aberration.

This would have been an important point to make because for the past 200 years, Western power has essentially provided Australia a valuable buffer from Asian geopolitical realities. In this Asian century, as Western power recedes steadily, Australia will be left “beached” alone as the solitary Western country (together with New Zealand) in Asia. Twenty-two million Australians will have to learn to deal with 3.5 billion Asians with great care and sensitivity.

Ignorance about Asia could prove to be fatal for Australia‟s long-term future. This is why the report is right in highlighting Australian misperceptions about Asia. “For example, a Lowy Institute poll in 2011 found that many believe that „Indonesia is essentially controlled by the military, despite Indonesia‟s democratic system of government‟.”

Sadly, this kind of abysmal ignorance may be a result of deeply rooted flaws in Australian education. This is one alarming revelation of the report: “Only a small proportion of Year 12 students study anything about Asia in the subjects of history, literature, geography, economics, politics and the arts under existing state-based curriculums.” Worse, only 5 per cent of each Australian cohort study any kind of Asian language.

Hence, when I addressed the annual convention of the Australian Primary Principals Association in Melbourne in September, I said that the kindest thing Australian society could do to its five-year-old children was to teach them an Asian language, be it Mandarin or Hindi, Bahasa Indonesia or Japanese.

Learning Asian languages would also open windows to Asian cultural and political sensitivities.

An early test of Australian political sensitivities will come when Australia joins the UN Security Council. Its Asian neighbours will be watching to see if it votes more in line with its fellow Western or fellow Asian members in the council. The painful geopolitical choices that Australia will have to make as Western power recedes and Asian power rises are clearly something that no official white paper can address. The paper delicately touches on “China, the United States and Australia” without pointing out some of the painful choices Australia will have to make from time to time.

The one surprising omission in the paper is ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations). The paper fails to acknowledge that ASEAN has provided Australia with a valuable geopolitical buffer in recent decades. The failure to understand this has led to some of Australia‟s most unwise foreign policy decisions, including efforts to bypass ASEAN sometimes.

Despite this, all Asians should welcome the bold decision of the Australian government to release this white paper. The time for Australians to think deeply about their Asian destiny has arrived. The sooner Australia adjusts to its new Asian destiny, the less painful the adjustment will prove to be.

译文及参考答案

“按地理位置的逻辑,居住在澳大利亚大陆的应该是亚洲人。然而,因为历史的一次偶然事件,生活在澳洲的却绝大多数是西方人。”

这是我在8月为澳大利亚国立大学准备的一份报告的开头。报告的结论是,既然澳洲的命运系于西方的时代即将结束,它必须开始为命运系于东方做准备。

遗憾的是,没有任何澳洲主要报章或专家学者对此做出反应。这让我意识到,澳洲的知识分子仍然不愿意面对让人不快的新地缘政治现实。by,the,logic,of,geography

在这个背景下,《亚洲世纪白皮书》(Asian Century White Paper)的公布可说来得正是时候。它应该让澳洲人惊醒,意识到澳洲的命运现在同亚洲紧密相连。澳洲总理吉拉德说得一点都没错:“亚洲地区成为世界经济龙头的进程不仅势不可挡,而且加快了步伐。”

报告一个确实让人印象深刻的地方,是对亚洲崛起所提供的数据。比如,它指出:“过去20年,中国和印度占全球经济的比重增加近三倍,经济的绝对规模也增加近六倍。到2025

年,整个亚洲的产出将占世界产出的几乎一半。”

报告也许可以指出,从公元1年至1820年,中国和印度一直是世界的两个最大经济体。因此,西方过去两百年在经济上称霸,是历史的一个重大偶发事件。

提出这点是很重要的,因为西方势力在过去两百年,为澳洲提供了对亚洲地缘政治现实的重要缓冲。在亚洲世纪,当西方势力逐渐消退时,澳洲将被“搁浅”,成为亚洲唯一的西方国家(加上新西兰)。2200万澳洲人必须学习谨慎和敏感地同35亿亚洲人打交道。

忽略亚细安令人意外by,the,logic,of,geography

对亚洲一无所知可能危及澳洲的长远未来。因此,报告凸显澳洲人对亚洲的误解是正确的。“比如,罗伊研究所(Lowy Institute)2011年的一项调查显示,许多澳洲人相信„印度尼西亚基本上是由军方控制,尽管它有民主制度政府‟。”

说来遗憾,这种极度的无知可能是澳洲教育制度根深蒂固的缺陷造成的。这是报告透露的一项让人担忧的情况:“只有一小部分的12年级学生,在使用现有官方课程修读历史、文学、地理、经济、政治及艺术等科目时,学习到任何同亚洲有关的事物。”更糟糕的是,在每一批同年级学生中,只有5%修读任何亚洲语言。

因此,我于9月在墨尔本澳洲小学校长协会(Australian Primary Principals Association)的常年大会发表演讲时表示,澳洲社会可以为其5岁孩童所做的最好事情,是教导他们一种亚洲语言,不管是华语、印地语、印度尼西亚语或日语。学习亚洲语言也会让他们认识到亚洲文化和政治上的敏感地带。

澳洲成为联合国安全理事会非常任理事国后,将立刻面对政治敏感度的考验。它的亚洲邻国将观察,它的投票立场是同理事会里的西方成员国,还是亚洲成员国较一致。西方和东方的实力此消彼长,澳洲必须做的痛苦地缘政治抉择,明显的不是任何官方白皮书所能解决的。报告书谨慎地提及“中国、美国和澳洲”,但却没有提到澳洲不时得做出的痛苦抉择。

报告书令人意外地忽略了亚细安,也没有提到亚细安在最近数十年为澳洲提供了重要的地缘政治缓冲。对此缺乏了解是导致澳洲一些最不明智外交决策的原因,包括有时候试图绕过亚细安。

无论如何,亚洲人应该欢迎澳洲政府公布这份白皮书的果敢决定。澳洲人深入思考他们的命运系于亚洲的的时候到了。澳洲人越早对这做出调整,调整的过程就越没有那么痛苦。

第二篇:《【江苏】2014版英语《高考专题辅导》专题检测卷二十九 任务型阅读]》

温馨提示:

此套题为Word版,请按住Ctrl,滑动鼠标滚轴,调节合适的观看比例,答案解析附后。关闭Word文档返回原板块。

专题检测卷(二十九)

任务型阅读

(建议用时: 30分钟)

1

(2013·姜堰模拟)

Students typically speak of their experiences abroad as “life-changing” and count their international experience as one of the most rewarding features of their college careers. They not only advance themselves academically, but also acquire a mature view of our complex world. The benefits of studying abroad are many. Here are a few:by,the,logic,of,geography

Special academic opportunities. For all students, but especially for those with an interest in area studies, attending a university abroad opens up a lot of academic options: courses not offered at Princeton, access to research materials, and contact with foreign scholars and researchers in particular fields of interest. Foreign environments can also provide a kind of living laboratory for original research that can only be conducted on-site.

Foreign language competency. The best way to become fluent in a foreign language is to go to a country where the language is spoken. The ability to read and talk in a foreign language benefits the scholarly work of

all students and is a skill that is increasingly valued in all professions.

Preparation for careers with an international dimension. Today‟s workplace is increasingly global and requires knowledge and experience that transcends(超出)national boundaries. Students who have studied abroad can prove to possible employers that they can handle themselves in new situations and have experience interacting with people from other backgrounds. Students may also develop professional relationships that continue long after the study abroad experience is over.

Cross-cultural competence and understanding. Spending time abroad allows you to test your abilities to cope with the challenges of living in another culture as a participant rather than a tourist. Living in another culture exposes you to different views about world events and your own country—deepening your understanding of your own culture, yourself, and the world.

Improve decision-making and problem-solving skills. Students studying abroad find themselves in new situations all the time. When students convey their needs and thoughts using new language skills, they gain confidence. These skills are helpful in other aspects of life, both personal and professional.

Test your interests. While studying abroad, especially on a field-based program, students can often take their interests on a more specific, applied direction. For example, they can try field research and

interact with professionals working in fields of interest to them.

Make new contacts. Students form a large network of people while studying abroad. Some students may call upon their in-country professional contacts soon after the program‟s conclusion; others stay in touch with homestay families for decades; still others form lifelong friendships with their peers(同龄人). These relationships can be deeply expanding.by,the,logic,of,geography

2

(2013·扬州模拟)

By the logic(逻辑)of geography, the continent of Australia should have been populated with Asians. Instead, by an accident of history, Australia has been mainly populated with Westerners.

Sadly, no major Australian newspaper or expert commented. This made me aware that Australians are reluctant to face Australia‟s painful new geopolitical realities.

Against this background, the release of the Asian Century White Paper is timely. It should provide a sharp wake-up call to the Australian population that Australia‟s destiny(命运)is now firmly tied to Asia. Julia

Gillard is right in saying, “The transformation of the Asian region into the economic powerhouse of the world is not only unstoppable, it is gathering pace. ”

One truly impressive part of the paper is the data it provides on Asia‟s rise. It notes, for example, that “in the past 20 years, China and India have almost tripled(增三倍)their share of the global economy and increased their economic size almost six times over. By 2025, the region as a whole will account for almost half the world‟s output. ”

In this Asian century, as Western power gets weak steadily, Australia will be left “beached” alone as the only Western country(together with New Zealand)in Asia. Twenty-two million Australians will have to learn to deal with 3. 5 billion Asians with great care and sensitivity.

Ignorance(无知)about Asia could prove to be fatal(致命的)for Australia‟s long-term future. This is why the report is right in focusing on Australian misunderstanding of Asia.

Sadly, this kind of terrible ignorance may be a result of Australian education. The report says, “Only a small proportion of Year 12 students study anything about Asia in the subjects of history, literature, geography, economics, politics and the arts under existing state-based curriculums. ”Worse, only 5 percent of each Australian groups study any kind of Asian language.

Learning Asian languages would open windows to Asian cultural and

第三篇:《【江苏】2014版英语《高考专题辅导》专题检测卷二十九 任务型阅读[来源:学优高考网74752]》by,the,logic,of,geography

温馨提示:

此套题为Word版,请按住Ctrl,滑动鼠标滚轴,调节合适的观看比例,答案解析附后。关闭Word文档返回原板块。

专题检测卷(二十九)

任务型阅读

(建议用时: 30分钟)

1

(2013·姜堰模拟)

Students typically speak of their experiences abroad as “life-changing” and count their international experience as one of the most rewarding features of their college careers. They not only advance themselves academically, but also acquire a mature view of our complex world. The benefits of studying abroad are many. Here are a few:

Special academic opportunities. For all students, but especially for those with an interest in area studies, attending a university abroad opens up a lot of academic options: courses not offered at Princeton, access to research materials, and contact with foreign scholars and researchers in particular fields of interest. Foreign environments can also provide a kind of living laboratory for original research that can only be conducted on-site.

Foreign language competency. The best way to become fluent in a foreign language is to go to a country where the language is spoken. The ability to read and talk in a foreign language benefits the scholarly work of

all students and is a skill that is increasingly valued in all professions.

Preparation for careers with an international dimension. Today‟s workplace is increasingly global and requires knowledge and experience that transcends(超出)national boundaries. Students who have studied abroad can prove to possible employers that they can handle themselves in new situations and have experience interacting with people from other backgrounds. Students may also develop professional relationships that continue long after the study abroad experience is over.

Cross-cultural competence and understanding. Spending time abroad allows you to test your abilities to cope with the challenges of living in another culture as a participant rather than a tourist. Living in another culture exposes you to different views about world events and your own country—deepening your understanding of your own culture, yourself, and the world.

Improve decision-making and problem-solving skills. Students studying abroad find themselves in new situations all the time. When students convey their needs and thoughts using new language skills, they gain confidence. These skills are helpful in other aspects of life, both personal and professional.

Test your interests. While studying abroad, especially on a field-based program, students can often take their interests on a more specific, applied direction. For example, they can try field research and

interact with professionals working in fields of interest to them.

Make new contacts. Students form a large network of people while studying abroad. Some students may call upon their in-country professional contacts soon after the program‟s conclusion; others stay in touch with homestay families for decades; still others form lifelong friendships with their peers(同龄人). These relationships can be deeply expanding.by,the,logic,of,geography

2

(2013·扬州模拟)

By the logic(逻辑)of geography, the continent of Australia should have been populated with Asians. Instead, by an accident of history, Australia has been mainly populated with Westerners.

Sadly, no major Australian newspaper or expert commented. This made me aware that Australians are reluctant to face Australia‟s painful new geopolitical realities.

Against this background, the release of the Asian Century White Paper is timely. It should provide a sharp wake-up call to the Australian population that Australia‟s destiny(命运)is now firmly tied to Asia. Julia

Gillard is right in saying, “The transformation of the Asian region into the economic powerhouse of the world is not only unstoppable, it is gathering pace. ”

One truly impressive part of the paper is the data it provides on Asia‟s rise. It notes, for example, that “in the past 20 years, China and India have almost tripled(增三倍)their share of the global economy and increased their economic size almost six times over. By 2025, the region as a whole will account for almost half the world‟s output. ”

In this Asian century, as Western power gets weak steadily, Australia will be left “beached” alone as the only Western country(together with New Zealand)in Asia. Twenty-two million Australians will have to learn to deal with 3. 5 billion Asians with great care and sensitivity.

Ignorance(无知)about Asia could prove to be fatal(致命的)for Australia‟s long-term future. This is why the report is right in focusing on Australian misunderstanding of Asia.

Sadly, this kind of terrible ignorance may be a result of Australian education. The report says, “Only a small proportion of Year 12 students study anything about Asia in the subjects of history, literature, geography, economics, politics and the arts under existing state-based curriculums. ”Worse, only 5 percent of each Australian groups study any kind of Asian language.

Learning Asian languages would open windows to Asian cultural and

第四篇:《2016年职称英语考试综合类B级模拟题及答案》

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1-1 5 题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面每个句子中均有1 个词或短语画有下画线,请为每处画线部分确定1 个意义最为接近的选项。

  1. He is in a rather difficult situation at present.

  A. location B. position C. preparation D. station

  2. It is hard for m e to give you a definite answer.

  A. sure B. correct C. real D. clear

  3. The police arrested the suspect yesterday and released him this morning.

  A. freed B. relieved C. kicked D. liberated

  4. On behalf of everyone in this party, I wish you a very happy birthday.

  A. Presenting B. Assisting C. Representing D. Cheating

  5. It is said that Joe comes from a wealthy family.

  A. poor B. large C. rich D. happy

  6. Even though his parents wanted him to become a doctor, Peter, chose his vocation as a writer.

  A. vacation B. profession C. work D. variety

  7. The plane will be taking off in approximately 10 minutes.

  A. about B. possibly C. probably D. rarely

  8. D o you have any pen friends?

  A. children B. pals C. writers D. students

  9. There w as a rapid increase in population in the last century.

  A. slow B. high C. shocking D. quick

  10. Because of gambling, his debt has amounted to 20,000 dollars.

  A. reached B. lost C. arrived D. rose

  11. Human beings cannot exist without air.

  A. live B. breathe C. exercise D. grow

  12. T he gold medal w o n by two Chinese girls in the w o m e n ’s doubles of tennis is of great significance.

  A. happiness B. difficulty C. importance D. impatience

  13. Safety is always our primary concern.

  A. least B. secondary C. last D. chief

  14. Charges for local telephone calls are outrageous.

  A. unheard of B. unacceptable C. unbelievable D. ridiculous

  15. The boy ahead of m e is m y classmate.

  A. at the back of B. behind C. in front of D. in the front of

  第2 部分:阅读判断(第16-2 2 题,每题1 分,共7 分}

  下面的短文后列出了7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信 息,请选择A ; 如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B ; 如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C 。

by,the,logic,of,geography由小学生作文网(www.zzxu.cn)收集整理,转载请注明出处!原文地址http://www.zzxu.cn/yingyu/25324.html

文章评论
Copyright © 2006 - 2016 WWW.ZZXU.CN All Rights Reserved
小学生作文网 版权所有