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dario,and,his,mother,loved

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第一篇:《2015年高考英语北京卷及答案》

2015年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(北京卷)

英 语

本试卷共16页,共150分。考试时间120分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 听力 (共三节, 满分30分)

做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节 (共5小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后, 你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: What is the man going to read?

A. A newspaper B. A magazine C. A book 答案是A

( )1. What kind of music does the woman like? A. Classical music. B. Rock music. C. Country music. ( )2. Which sweater will the man take? A. The red one. B. The blue one. C. The yellow one. ( )3. How will the man pay? A. In cash. B. By credit card. C. By traveler’s cheque. ( )4. Where are the woman’s keys? A. In her pocket. B. On the floor. C. On the table. ( )5. What will the man probably do tonight? A. Read Chapter 4. B. Study in the library. C. Watch the football match. 第二节 (共10小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分15分)

听下面4段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中所给的A、B、C三个项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每 小题5秒钟; 听完后, 各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

( )6. What is the relationship between the two speakers? A. Travel agent and customer. ( )7. When will the meetings end? A. At 3:00 pm.

听第7段材料, 回答第8至9题。

B. Husband and wife. B. At 5:00 pm.

C. Boss and secretary. C. At 6:30 pm.

( )8. Where is the foreign language section? A. In Row 3. B. In Row 5. ( )9. What does the man decide to borrow? A. Novels. B. Biographies.

C. In Row 7. C. Magazines.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

( )10. Why dose the man make the call? A. To ask for information. B. To make an appointment. ( )11. What sport is the man interested in? A. Football. B. Basketball. ( )12. On what days is the sports center closed? A. Mondays. B. Fridays. 听第9段材料, 回答第13至15题。

( )13. What is the speaker mainly talking about? A. Rules of the school. B. Course requirements. ( )14. Which club will meet on Wednesdays?

C. To send out an invitation. C. Swimming. C. Sundays.

C. Notices of the new term.

A. Baseball. B. Dance. C. Chess. ( )15. When will the parents’ evening for Year 8 be held? A. In September. B. In October. C. In November. 第三节 (共5小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分7.5分)

听下面一段对话, 完成第16至第20五道小题, 每小题仅填写一个词。听对话前, 你将有

第二部分 知识运用 (共两节, 45分)

第一节 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分, 共15分)

从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:It’s so nice to hear from her again. ________, we last met more than thirty years ago.

A. What’s more B. That’s to say C. In other words D. Believe it or not 答案是 D。

( )21. ________ the early flight, we ordered a taxi in advance and got up very early. A. Catching B. Caught C. To catch D. Catch ( )22.---Did you enjoy the party?

---Yes. We ________ well by our hosts. A. were treated B. would be treated C. treated D. had treated ( )23. The park was full of people ________ themselves in the sunshine. A. having enjoyed B. enjoyed C. enjoying D. to enjoy ( )24. Opposite is St. Paul’s Church, ________ you can hear some lovely music. A. which B. that C. when D. where ( )25. He is a shy man, ________ he is not afraid of anything or anyone.

A. so B. but C. or D. as

( )26. In the last few years, China ________ great achievements in environmental protection. A. has made B. had made C. was making D. is making ( )27.---Did you have difficulty finding Ann’s house?

---Not really. She ________ us clear directions and we were able to find it easily. A. was to give B. had given C. was giving D. would give ( )28. You won’t find paper cutting difficult ________ you keep practicing it. A. even though B. as long as C. as if D. ever since ( )29.---Can’t you stay a little longer?

---It’s getting late. I really ________ go now. My daughter is home alone. A. may B. can C. must D. dare ( )30.---Dr. Jackson is not in his office at the moment.

---All right. I ________ him later. A. will call B. have called C. call D. will be calling ( )31. If ________ for the job, you’ll be informed soon. A. to accept B. accept C. accepting D. accepted ( )32. ________ the damage is done, it will take many years for the farmland to recover. A. Until B. Unless C. Once D. Although ( )33. I truly believe ________ beauty comes from within. A. that B. where C. what D. why ( )34. If I ________ it with my own eyes, I wouldn’t have believed it. A. didn’t see B. weren’t seeing C. wouldn’t see D. hadn’ t seen ( )35. ________ we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel.

A. Where B. How C. Why D. When

第二节 完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)

阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A Welcome Gift

Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them side by side at the piano. They played jazz music to celebrate their new home. The loud filled the room and made them feel very happy.

The next morning, their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a under their door during the night. One of their neighbor had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario’s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all people and he couldn’t imagine any of them had done that. Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their and apologize for their playing.

“Maybe we could go and everyone in person.” his mother said.

“What if we invited them to come here for a instead?” Dario asked.

They both loved the . Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared

desserts their guests. They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩带) and party lights. Finally, the day of the party . Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. Some even brought desserts to Dario’s mother with a book of piano music by Chopin.

“I heard you playing the other night,” she said. “The sounds woke me out of bed. I that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don’t think I disliked the playing.”

Dario’s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. “I think maybe we you an apology.” she said. “I didn’t how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music at night.”

“You play, you play!” Mrs. Gilbert said. “I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.” She pointed to the book she had given them. “These songs are not such music.”

“These songs are beautiful music.” Dario’s mother said. “We will be to play them in the evening.”

“And we won’t play so loud or late!” Dario said. He was already looking forward to the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother’s face. It gave him a feeling of and made him feel that they were home at last. ( )36. A. sat ( )37. A. voice ( )38. A. therefore ( )39. A. note ( )40. A. proud ( )41. A. neighbors ( )42. A. blame ( )43. A. party

( )44. A. experience ( )45. A. to

( )46. A. continued ( )47. A. order ( )48. A. treated ( )49. A. promised ( )50. A. give ( )51. A. realize ( )52. A. sweet ( )53. A. brave ( )54. A. changing ( )55. A. equality

B. stood B. ring B. however B. poster B. rich B. friends B. instruct B. concert B. idea B. with B. arrived B. sell

B. presented B. admitted B. send

B. remember B. strange B. sorry B. practicing B. freedom

C. lay C. music C. otherwise C. bill C. lucky C. relatives C. question C. show

C. performance C. for C. passed C. share C. helped C. agreed C. offer

C. understand C. funny C. happy C. recording C. warmth

D. walked D. cry D. instead D. report D. nice D. audience D. visit D. play D. action D. from D. finished D. advertise D. served D. worried D. owe D. accept D. loud D. afraid D. writing D. sympathydario,and,his,mother,loved

第三部分 阅读理解 (共两节, 满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题; 每小题2分, 满分30分)

阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 将正确的选项涂

在答题卡上。

A

The Boy Made It!

One Sunday, Nicholas, a teenager, went skiing at Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine. In the early afternoon, when he was planning to go home, a fierce snowstorm swept into the area. Unable to see far, he accidentally turned off the path. Before he knew it, Nicholas was lost, all alone! He didn’t have food, water, a phone, or other supplies. He was getting colder by the minute.

Nicholas had no idea where he was. He tried not to panic. He thought about all the survival shows he had watched on TV. It was time to put the tips he had learned to use.

He decided to stop skiing. There was a better chance of someone finding him if he stayed put. The first thing he did was to find shelter form the freezing wind and snow. If he didn’t, his body temperature would get very low, which could quickly kill him.Using his skis, Nicholas built a snow cave. He gathered a huge mass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle. Then he piled branches on top of himself, like a blanket, to stay as warm as he could.

By that evening, Nicholas was really hungry. He ate snow and drank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn’t lose too much water. Not knowing how much longer he could last, Nicholas did the only thing he could---he huddled(蜷缩) in his cave and slept.dario,and,his,mother,loved

The next day, Nicholas went out to look for help, but he couldn’t find anyone. He followed his tracks and returned to the snow cave, because without shelter, he could die that night. On Tuesday, Nicholas went out again to find help. He had walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him. After two days stuck in the snow, Nicholas was saved.

Nicholas might not have survived this snowstorm had it not been for TV. He had often watched Grylls’ survival show Man vs. Wild. That’s where he learned the tips that saved his life. In each episode(一期节目) of Man vs. Wild, Grylls is abandoned in a wild area and has to find his way out. When Grylls heard about Nicholas’ amazing deeds, he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive.

( )56. What happened to Nicholas one Sunday afternoon? A. He got lost. B. He broke his skis. C. He hurt his eyes. D. He caught a cold. ( )57. How did Nicholas keep himself warm? A. He found a shelter. B. He lighted some branches.

C. He kept on skiing. D. He built a snow cave.

( )58. On Tuesday, Nicholas __________.

A. returned to his shelter safely B. was saved by a searcher C. got stuck in the snow D. stayed where he was

( )59. Nicholas left Grylls a very deep impression because he __________. A. did the right things in the dangerous situation.

B. watched Grylls’ TV program regularly C. created some tips for survival

D. was very hard-working

第二篇:《2015年北京高考英语试题解析(含精校试题+解析)》

2012年课标全国卷高考真题解析样稿示例

第一节 单项填空

21. A9 【2015·课标北京卷】 ___________ the early flight, we ordered a taxi in advance and got up every early.

A. Catching B. Caught C. To catch D. Catch 【答案与解析】C 考查非谓语动词。根据语境,―为了赶上早航班, 我们提前订了出租车‖,用不定式表示目的,此处需要目的状语。所以,选C。 22. A11 【2015·课标北京卷】 —Did you enjoy the party? —Yes, we __________well by our hosts. A. were treated B. would be treated C. treated D. had treated

【答案与解析】A 考查动词时态和语态。根据上下文,这里谈的事举行过的一次聚会,应该用过去时,再加上―我们是被主人招待的‖,所以综合考虑,这里需要用过去时的被动式,选A.

23. A9【2015·课标北京卷】 The park was full of people, _____________ themselves in the sunshine.

A. having enjoyed B. enjoyed C. enjoying D. to enjoy

【答案与解析】C 考查非谓语动词。enjoying为现在分词做状语,充当句子的伴随状语,与前面的people形成逻辑上的主谓关系。所以选C。

24. A15【2015·课标北京卷】 Opposite is St. Paul’s Church, __________ you can hear some lovely music.

A. which B. that C. when D. where

【答案与解析】D 考查定语从句。空格前面是一个表示地点的专有名词St. Paul’s Church,其后的定语从句中有主语和谓语,缺失的是表示地点的状语,相当于―在这个教堂里‖,所以选D。

25. A6 【2015·课标北京卷】He is a shy man, ___________ he is not afraid of anything or anyone.

A. so B. but C. or D. as 【答案与解析】B 考查并列句的连接词。根据语境,“他是个腼腆的人,但他并不怕任何事或任何人”。 but用来连接并列但语义对比的两个句子。

26. A11【2015·课标北京卷】 In the last few years, China __________ great achievements in environmental protection.

A. has mad B. had made C. was making D. is making

【答案与解析】A 考查动词时态。根据时间状语in the last few years可知,在最近的几年里,是从过去到现在的情况,所以用现在完成时。

27. A11 【2015·课标北京卷】—Did you have any difficulty finding Ann’s house?

—Not really. She _______________ us clear directions and we were able to find it easily. A. was to give B. had given C. was giving D. would give

【答案与解析】B 考查动词时态。根据问话中的过去时判断,Ann告诉方向应该是在找到她家之前,也就是过去的过去,所以适合用过去完成时。

28. A14【2015·课标北京卷】You won’t find paper cutting difficult ____________ you keep practicing it.

A. even though B. as long as C. as if D. ever sincedario,and,his,mother,loved

【答案与解析】B 考查状语从句。even though=even if“即使”,引导让步状语从句;as long as“只要”,引导条件状语从句,相当于if;as if=as though“仿佛,好像”,引导方式状语从句;ever since“自从”,引导时间状语从句。本句意思是只要坚持练习,剪纸就不难。所以选B。

29. A10 【2015·课标北京卷】 —Can’t you stay a little longer?

—It’s getting late. I really _____________ go now. My daughter is home alone. A. may B. can C. must D. dare 【答案与解析】C 考查情态动词用法。“天晚了,所以必须走”。 may可能,can能,可以,must必须,dare敢于。

30. A11 【2015·课标北京卷】—Dr. Jackson is not in his office at the moment. —All right. I _____________ him later. A. will call B. have called C. call D. will be calling

【答案与解析】A 考查动词时态。根据第一句的时态判断,Dr. Jackson目前不在办公室,所以打电话时未来的事,选用A。

31. A9【2015·课标北京卷】 If _______________ for the job, you’ll be informed soon.

A. to accept B. accept C. accepting D. accepteddario,and,his,mother,loved

【答案与解析】D 考查非谓语动词。本句的主语是you,是被接纳的对象,所以用过去分词表被动。前面的句子相当于‖If you are accepted‖,也可以视为省略的条件状语从句。

32. A14 【2015·课标北京卷】 ___________ the damage is done, it will take many years for the farmland to recover.

A.Until B. Unless C. Once D. Although

【答案与解析】C 考查状语从句。until引导时间状语从句,“直到…时候”;unless引导条件状语从句,“除非,如果不”;once引导时间状语从句,“一旦”;although引导让步状语从句,“尽管”。根据语境,这里是说“一旦造成损害,土地要好几年才能恢复”。故选C。 33. A13 【2015·课标北京卷】I truly believe ____________ beauty comes from within.

A. that B. where C. what D. why

【答案与解析】A 考查名词性从句。believe后为宾语从句,从句中成分齐全,只需要一个连接词即可,所以选A。

34. A10 【2015·课标北京卷】If I ____________ it with my own eyes, I wouldn’t have believed it.

A. didn’t see B. weren’t seeing C. wouldn’t see D. hadn’t seen

【答案与解析】D 考查虚拟语气。根据主句的时间推断,这里说的是过去的一件事情。因

此,从句也要使用与过去事实相反的一种假设,故选D。 35. A13 【2015·课标北京卷】 _____________ we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel.

A.Where B. How C. Why D. When

【答案与解析】B 考查名词性从句。has之前的为句子的主语部分,即主语从句。根据语境,这里想表达“我们如何理解事物与我们的感受有很大关系,故选B。

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项A、B、 C和D中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A Welcome Gift

Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their under their door during the night. One of their neighbors had written to complain (抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario’s mother asked the building superintendent (管理员) if he knew

couldn’t imagine any of and apologize for their playing.

―Maybe we could go and ______ everyone in person,‖ his mother said. ―What if we invited them to

彩带) and pretty lights.

Dario’s mother with a book of piano music by Chopin.

―I heard you playing the other night,‖ she said, ―The sounds woke me out of bed. I ___ that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don’t think I disliked the playing.‖

Dario’s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. ―I think maybe we _____ you an apology,‖ she said. ―I didn’t ___quieter music at night.‖

―You play, you play!‖ Mrs. Gilbert said. ―I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.‖ She pointed to the book she had given them. ―These songs are not such ______ music.‖

―These songs are beautiful music,‖ Dario’s mother said. ―We will be ___in the evening.‖

―And we won’t play so loud or late!‖ Dario said. He was already looking forward to new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother’s face. I36. A. sat B. stood C. lay D. walked

37.A. voice 38.A. therefore 39.A. note 40.A. proud

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