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第一篇:《while和although表示让步语义的异同2012》

while和although表示让步语义的异同2012-03-11 20:09although和while两个连词都可以用来引导让步状语从句,表示“虽然”、“尽管”之意,但表达的意思和用法却不尽相同。

一、一般情况下,while在表示让步语义时与although同义,两者可以互用。

1.它们引导的让步状语从句都表示与主句中的某一动作或状态有着意义上的对比。如:

(1) While this is true of some, it is not true of all. 虽有一部分是真的,但不见得全都是真 的。

(2) While I feel great sympathy for you, I can’t really do very much to help. 虽然我对你深为同情,但我实在是帮不上什么忙。

(3) They are generous although they are poor. 他们虽然贫穷却很大方。

(4) Although I appreciate her reasoning,I reject her conclusions. 虽然我欣赏她的推理能力,却不能接受她的推论。

2. while和although引导的让步状语从句都不能和but连用,但可以跟nevertheless或yet连用。 如:

(1) While I admit I did it, (nevertheless) I didn’t mean to. 尽管我承认干了这件事,但我并不是故意的。

(2)Although admission was free, (nevertheless)few people attended the lecture. 尽管免费入场,但几乎没什么人去听演讲。

(3)Although (he was) seriously wounded, (yet) he refused to leave the battle line. 他虽然身负重伤,但坚持不下火线。

它们引导的让步状语从句都可以省略与主句相同的主语和与其相应的be动词。如:

(4) While (I am)told you are wrong, I am sure you are honest. 尽管我知道你错了,但我还是相信你很诚实。

(5) Although (she was) not yet six months old, she was able to walk without support. 她虽然还不到6个月, 但已能不用搀扶走路了。

二、在一些特定的语境和语体中,这两个词在用法上还是有细微差别的。

1. while引导的状语从句在大多数情况下置于句首;而although引导状语从句,可置于句首也可置于句中或句末。如:

(1) While we don’t agree, we continue to be good friends. 尽管我们意见不一致,但我们仍是好朋友。

(2) While the ways used are quite different,the result is similar. 虽然所用方法完全不同,但效果却相似。although,different

(3) Although young Tom comes of a musical family, he doesn’t like singing. 虽然年轻的汤姆出身于音乐之家,但他不喜欢唱歌。

(4) We’ll try to finish the work in time although we are short of hands. 虽然缺少人手,我们还是要按时完成这项工作。

(5) Common salt, although (it is) dissolved in water,does not change its chemical properties. 尽管食盐溶于水,但其化学性质不变。

2. although引导的状语从句常含常有“not”一词,修饰主句或纠正一个错误的概念;而while一般不这样用。如:

(1)I have a lot of my grandfather’s features although I’m not so tall as he was. 虽然我不及我祖父个子高,但相貌却与他很相似。

(2) In any case, he was very lovable although not at all tidy. 总之,他还是挺招人喜欢的,

尽管一点也不整洁。

3. although...but不可连用,但but although可以连用,且往往置于句首;而while没有这种用法。如:

(1) But although the situation was clearlydang-erous, the public was not at all happy with the idea of a government police force. 尽管局势是明显地危险,可是老百姓对政府动用警力的做法仍很不满意。

4. while引导的让步状语从句在意义上一般与主句的对比不太强烈,即主句与从句只是部分不一致;而although在表示让步语义时是最为通用的从属连词,所引导的从句往往使主句内容含有似乎使人感到意外或料想不到之意。以下例句中while和although不可换用。

(1) While I admit his good points, I can see his shortcomings. 尽管我承认他的优点,我也能看到他的缺点。

(2) While I like the color of the hat, I don’t like its shape. 虽然我喜欢这顶帽子的颜色,但不喜欢这种式样。

(3) Although my car is very old, it still runs very well. 虽然我的汽车很旧了,但跑起来挺不错。

(4) He brought me a cup of coffee although I had asked for tea. 虽然我要的是茶,他却给我端来一杯咖啡。

(5) Smith kept her coat on although it was warm in the room. 尽管房间里很暖和,可史密斯仍旧穿着外套。

5.这两个连词都可用于让步结构,但两者所连接的句子的主从关系恰好相反。比较:

(1) Although it looks like a huge monster, that country is in fact a paper tiger. 虽然看起来那个国家像个庞然大物,但实际上是一只纸老虎。

(2) While it is in fact a paper tiger, that country looks like a huge monster. 尽管那个国家实际上是一只纸老虎, 但看起来像个庞然大物。

第二篇:《Although having different forms and rules》

Although having different forms and rules, compulsory education has become an essential part of nearly every country’s schooling system. It is intended to insure that every child has equal access to education and therefore has the chance to get rid of ignorance, which, as a result, can save people out of poverty and promote the nation’s prosperity. However, in reality, it is not the case at all. Even though children can gain some superficial knowledge about the world they are living in, compulsory schooling is still gradually decaying. Beyond the falling of compulsory education, the essence is the great disadvantages, including eliminating individual diversity, increasing the rate of illiteracy, and shrinking children’s ability to think independently. The lose of human diversity is one particular damage of compulsory schooling. Each child has distinct intelligence, aptitudes, and interests, which is called the individual diversity. Therefore, the best choice of pace, timing, variety, and manner, and of the courses of instruction will differ widely from one child to another (Rothbard). But under the compulsory schooling, the fact is that one teacher needs to instruct many students at the same time at a certain kind of pace, timing and variety. So, Gatto says schools are set up to classify people rather than to see them as unique. Consequently, just as

Rothbard believes, “without the ability to learn systematic subjects, they must either sit and suffer while others learn, or the bright and average students must be held back greatly in their development.” This blocks the development of children’s potentials and leads to the decline of individual diversity.

Another dismerit of compulsory education is that it gives

rise to the rate of illiteracy. The sorry fact is that the educators pretend to teach and the pupils pretend to learn (Blumenfeld). Moreover, they (the students) will retain some of the knowledge for a short while to pass the numerous quizzes and tests they will be faced with that relate to the books but it will be discarded afterward (debate.org). Another reason cited is the declining academic standards of public schools as indicated by decreasing scores on standardized tests beginning in the 1960s (enotes.com). As a result, we now have more illiteracy and more ignorance among Americans before compulsory attendance laws were enacted and millions of young Americans have emerged from the educational process, unable to read, write or spell, do simple arithmetic, or speak grammatically (Blumenfeld).

第三篇:《although, though, even though, even if的用法比较》

考点80: 表示“虽然, 即使, 尽管”的让步状语从句的用法

1. although, though, even though, even if都表示“虽然, 即使, 尽管”之意, though 和although 语气较弱(其中的though 比although 通俗, 不如although 正式), even if和even though 带有强调意味而显得语气更强。例如: Although they are poor, they are happy. 虽然他们很穷, 但很快乐。// Although it was so cold, he went out without an overcoat. 天气虽然很冷, 但他没有穿大衣就出去了。// Though they may not succeed, they will still try. 即使他们可能不会成功, 但他们仍努力尝试。 // The article is very important though it is short. 那篇文章虽然很短, 但很重要。// He is better, though not yet cured. 他好一点了, 虽仍未痊愈。// Even though it was raining, she walked to work. 即使下雨, 她也是走着去工作的。// I’ll visit him this evening even if I can stay only a few minutes. 今晚我将去拜访他, 即

使我只能停留一小会儿。

注意: though 引导的让步状语从句的用法比较特殊, 它可以倒装, 也可以不倒装, 具体用法参见as引

导让步状语从句的用法。

2. as引导让步状语从句表示“虽然、 即使、 尽管”, 其引导的让步状语从句必须采用倒装结构, as引导的倒装形式的让步状语从句的基本结构为: 形容词/副词/名词(单数可数名词前一般不带冠词, 有时也可见单数可数名词前形容词与不定冠词连用、 形容词放在不定冠词前)/动词/过去分词+as+主语+谓语的其他部分。注意体会下列典型例句: Great as the author was, he proved a bad model. 这位作者尽管了不起, 到头来却成了一个坏榜样。// Ridiculous as it seems, the tale is true. 这个故事看似荒唐, 却是真的。// Rich as he is, he is not happy. 虽然他很富有, 但他并不幸福。// Child as he is, he can tell black from white.(倒装时要省去单个名词前的冠词)尽管还是个孩子, 他却能分辨黑白。// Brave (a) man as he is, he trembles at the sight of snakes. 他尽管勇敢, 可见到蛇还是发抖。 // Badly wounded as he was, he remained quite optimistic. 尽管伤势很重, 他仍然十分乐观。// Try as he would, he could not lift the rock. 虽

然尽了最大努力, 但是他仍然不能搬动那块石头。

[考题1] We had to wait half an hour ____ we had already booked a table. (2007辽宁)

A. since B. although C. until D. before

[答案] B

[解析] 下划线处之后所述的“我们已经预订了一桌”与前面所述的“我们已经不得不等了半个小时”之

间语意相反, 四个选项中although表示“即便„„”, 引导让步状语从句最为合适。

[考题2] ____ most of the earth’s surface is covered by water, fresh water is very rare and precious.

(2006上海春)

A. As B. Once C. If D. Although

[答案] D

[解析] 句意为: 虽然地球表面覆盖着水, 但是纯净水仍然很稀有、 珍贵。下划线处应引导让步状语从

句, 填入although最为合适。

[考题3] ____ he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience. (2006)

A. Since B. Unless C. As D. Although

[答案] D

[解析] 下划线处应引导让步状语从句, 填入although最为合适。

[考题4] Although he is considered a great writer, ____. (1991)

A. his works are not widely read

B. but his works are not widely read

C. however his works are not widely read

D. still his works are not widely read

[答案] A

[解析] 英语不允许在连词although、 though引导的让步状语从句之后的主句句首重复使用连词, 如果要在复合句中强调某种特别的意义, 可以在主句的句首加上yet、 still等副词。例如: Although she has aalthough,different

lot of money, (yet/still) she is not happy. 虽然她很有钱, 但是她并不快乐。

本题题干中没有通过特定的语境暗示需要对主句进行特别强调, 因此只需用although引导让步状语从句即可, 不必在主句的句首加副词(更不能在主句的句首加连词)。注意: 本题中的works指“作品、 著作”, 例

如表达“莎士比亚的作品”可以用“the works of Shakespeare”。

[考题5] There was never any time for Kate to feel lonely, ____ she was an only child. (2005

辽宁)

A. ever since B. now that C. even though D. even as

[答案] C

[解析] 下划线处应引导让步状语从句, 四个选项中只有even though可以引导让步状语从句。 [考题6] Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ____ they knew it to be valuable. (2007

浙江)

A. as if B. now that C. even though D. so that

[答案] Calthough,different

[解析] “Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice”和“they knew it to be valuable”意思

相反, 四个选项中引导让步状语从句的even though最为适合。

[考题7] Allow children the space to voice their opinions, ____ they are different from your own.although,different

(2005湖南)

A.until B. even if C. unless D.as though

[答案] B

[解析] 题干句意为: 让孩子们有发言的空间, 即使他们的观点与你的不同。从句与主句为让步关系, 应

由even if 引导从句。although,different

[考题8] ____, he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class. (2005重庆)although,different

A. A quiet student as he may be B. Quiet student as he may be

C. Be a quiet student as he may D. Quiet as he may be a student

[答案] B

[解析] as引导让步状语从句应该倒装, 本题中需要放在as之前的部分应该是整个表语部分并且要省略

student前的不定冠词(若要保留该不定冠词, 则应将其置于quiet与student之间)。

[考题9] ____, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. (2001上海)

A. As long as I have traveled B. Now that I have traveled so much

C. Much as I have traveled D. As I have traveled so much

[答案] C

[解析] 从句“I have traveled”与主句“I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John”之

间具有明显的让步关系, 本题应选用as的倒装形式引导让步状语从句。

[考题10] ____, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. (2007重庆)

A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange

C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound

[答案] D

[解析] “他的建议在会上被全部的人所接受”与“他的建议听起来或许奇怪”之间意思相反, 因此下划线处引导的从句应为让步状语从句, 而as引导让步状语从句应采用倒装结构, 由此先排除不是倒装结构的选

项B、 C, 再排除倒装形式不正确的选项A, 最终选出D。

第四篇:《青春励志英语演讲稿3篇》

演讲稿一:

Saying goodbye to childhood,we step into another important time in the pace of young,facing new situations,dealing with different problems……

everyone has his ownunderstanding of young,it is a period of time of beauty and wonders,only after you have experienced the sour ,sweet ,bitter and salty can you really become a person of significance.thre time of young is limitted,it may pass by without your attention,and when you discover what has happened ,it is always too late.grasping the young well means a better time is waiting for you in the near future,or the situation may be opposite .

having a view on these great men in the history of hunmanbeing,they all made full use of their youth time ,to do things that are useful to society,to the whole mankind,and as a cosquence ,they are remembered by later generations,admired by everyone.so do something in the time of young,although you may not get achievements as these greatmen did ,though not for the whole word,just for youeself,for those around!

the young is just like blooming flowers,they are so beautiful when blooming,they make people feel happy,but with time passing by,after they withers ,moet people think they are ugly.and so it is the same with young,we are enthusiastic when we are young,then we may lose our passion when getting older and older.so we must treasure it ,don't let the limitted time pass by ,leaving nothing of significance.

演讲稿二:

everyone has his ownunderstanding of young,it is a period of time of beauty and wonders,only after you have

experienced the sour ,sweet ,bitter and salty can you really become a person of significance.thre time of young is limitted,it may pass by without your attention,and when you discover what has happened ,it is always too late.grasping the young well means a better time is waiting for you in the near future,or the situation may be opposite .

having a view on these great men in the history of hunmanbeing,they all made full use of their youth time ,to do things that are useful to society,to the whole mankind,and as a cosquence ,they are remembered by later

generations,admired by everyone.so do something in the time of young,although you may not get achievements as these greatmen did ,though not for the whole word,just for youeself,for those around!

the young is just like blooming flowers,they are so beautiful when blooming,they make people feel happy,but with time passing by,after they withers ,moet people think they are ugly.and so it is the same with young,we are enthusiastic when we are young,then we may lose our passion when getting older and older.so we must treasure it ,don't let the limitted time pass by ,leaving nothing of significance.

演讲稿三:

Leading members and judges, young friends: Hello, everybody!

My name is XX, and we are pleased to be able to discuss the pursuit of excellence, dedication youth, this topic, I am going to talk about today is "willing to sacrifice, the fire ignited youth."

Let the fire burn eternal youth, so that life lightning across the horizon, with all the enthusiasm in exchange for time, there is no end to the dream of youth! I really appreciate the "Agni youth," these words inside, and has been encouraging with its own study, work and life. I think that youth should be burned, give off light only value! Burning of one's life may also be corrup 本文来自高考资源网in that case, I do not want to corrupt, not corrupt, I would like to burn up! Friends present here! You like it?

Youth is our most beautiful season of life, she is breeding in early spring of life, demonstrating a warm summer, with autumn's master real hidden, which makes clear the hope of winter, full of poetic passion and not a lack of hard work, fashion, romantic and full of the hard struggle. When a person's youth integrate into an era, a career, so youth will not go away, and this will certainly cause in the years of experience in the reflection of bright light.

Here, I am reminded of the phrase: "Some people live, he is dead; some dead, he is still alive." The meaning of life is to live, then the meaning of life is it? Certainly not to live while alive, the answer is only two words, and dedication! We can imagine that, not pay, do not create, do not pursue such a youth must gradually grow old in the middle of Things Past, Looking back, there is no trace, no recall, life was filled with sighing everywhere. I think this is not the meaning of our existence. Throughout the ages, there are numerous capable person in the prime of his achievements had already immortal life, I have no time to list them here. However, a person's name I can not but mention, he is always learning model, one of the most extraordinary is the greatest most selfless people. As we all know he is? The legend is that Lei Feng, who warned us that: "youth ah, always beautiful, but the true youth, belongs only to those who always strive for the best people, always selfless labor of the people, always humble man!" I think everyone here one, including myself, could be such a person.

Frankly, three years ago, when I first came to work and there have been lost and confused, feeling the reality is not ideal, the dream has always felt from some distance, once among the perplexed. However, the youth, I was just cast a good knife, should not have to wait and you have a moment of hesitation. I never watched the knife slowly oxidized and dull, then mottled, rust, weathering, and finally became a scrap. I told myself, "if you are gold, will be able to shine, as long as you face the high morale, and to face work, you will have access to." Road is long Come, happiness of the up and down the quest. Youth is the season of learning, youth years of struggle, do not stop our progress, because the youth of the road is long. Have time stop and take a look book, back to think about the road traveled, a good life for their own planning, the ideals enshrined in the minds of their own, willing to make a lonely, innovative, highly motivated young people.

Youth is not a period of life, but a heart condition. If your heart is young, many of you will always remain a dream, in the densely overcast days, to seize the moment will still flash of golden sun. Although we were born in different years, working in different positions, but we have a common home, where we keep the same entrepreneurial spirit, dedication to write the same commitment, with the same magnificent youth. This is a speech, it is a confession. When I filled with youthful air, carries a heavy dreams and beliefs standing here the moment, my heart is so magnanimous and passionate, the kind of indescribable excitement and tension, I sincerely invite you to share.

"

第五篇:《2015年英语四级考试模拟试题》

  一、单项选择题

  1、阅读下文,回答题

  Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

  Food waste has been a chronic problem for restaurants and grocery stores--with millions of tons lost along the way as crops are hauled hundreds of miles,stored for weeks in refrigerators and prepared on busy restaurant assembly lines. But the historically high price of products is making it an even bigger dragon the bottom line.

  Restaurants,colleges,hospitals and other institutions are compensating for the rising costs of waste in novel ways. Some are tracking their trash with software systems,making food in smaller packages or trying to compost(将……制成堆肥)and cut down on trash-hauling costs.

“We have all come to work with this big ele

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