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In,the,last,few,decades,scientists,have,reached,consensus,and,reported,that,human,beings,are,causing

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第一篇:《unit22-24(10-11年)》

Lessons 1-2, Unit 22 重点、难点解析

1. In the last few decades, scientists have reached consensus and reported that human beings are causing changes in the Earth’s climate—something previously seen as beyond our control. 最近几十年,科学家们一致认为,人类正在引起地球的气候变化——而这在以前看来是我们不能控制的。

(1) 句中in the last few decades意为“在过去的几十年中”。 in the last/past few(three…) years常与现在完成时连用。例如:

He has made a huge sum of money in the last few years. 在过去的几年中,他挣了一大笔钱。

They have made amazing achievements in the past few years. 他们过去几年中取得了许多惊人的成就。

(2) 句中beyond our control意为“不能控制”。beyond可以表示“(指程度)超过;(指范围)越出”的意思。例如:

She was really touched beyond words/description. 她确实感动得无法形容。

These were matters beyond his understanding. 这些事情他都理解不了。

与此类似的beyond的常用短语有:beyond one’s power超出某人的能力;beyond one’s reach在某人够不着的地方;beyond compare无与伦比;beyond repair无法修理;beyond belief难以置信;beyond recognition 难以识别;beyond one’s ability超出了某人的能力。例如: You have gone beyond your power. 你已经超出了你的权力范围。

We are grateful to you beyond expression. 我们对你的感激之情无法用言词表达。 即景活用:Multiple choice.

1. The fight soon went _______ control and no one knew how to deal with it.

A. beyond B. under C. above D. over

2. — Why do you suggest we buy a new machine?

— Because the old one has been damaged _______.

A. beyond reach B. beyond repair C. beyond control D. beyond description

3. Beck is an honest businessman. Our company and his _______ a lot of deals in the past five years.

A. has B. have C. has had D. have had

Key:1. A 2. B 3. D

2. Global warming refers to an average increase in the Earth’s temperature that, in turn, leads to climate change. 全球变暖指的是地球温度平均升高,并由此导致气候发生变化。

(1) refer to 意为“查阅,参考;谈到,提到;适用于,涉及到”。例如:

Please don’t refer to his past again. 请别再提他的往事了。

These regulations refer only to children. 这些规矩只适用于儿童。

refer…to… 意为“把……交给;使……向……请教”。例如:

Tom is going to refer the matter to the meeting. 汤姆打算把这件事提交到会议上去处理。 I referred her to Tom for further information. 我让她到汤姆那儿去询问详情。

(2) in turn意为“依次,轮流;相应地,转而”。例如:

The students clean the classroom everyday in turn. 学生们每天轮流打扫教室。

Increased production will, in turn, lead to increased profits. 增加生产会继而增加利润。

(3) lead to意为“导致”。例如:

Too much work and too little rest often lead to illness. 过量的工作和过少的休息会引起疾病。

即景活用:Multiple choice.

1. Language not only depends on its culture, but _______ structures reality for this culture.

A. in turn B. in vain C. in case D. in addition

2. He _______ his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished.

A. stuck to B. referred to C. kept to D. pointed to

3. It is widely accepted that young babies learn to do things because certain acts _______ rewards.

A. come back B. take in C. result from D. lead to

Key:1. A 2. B 3. D

L3&Communication Workshop & Language Awareness, Unit 22重点、

难点解析

1. The last few years have seen environmental disasters on a grand scale, „ 最近的几年里,人们见证了大规模的环境灾难,„„

这是一个拟人化的句子,句子主语是the last few years。

英语中,为了使描写的事物栩栩如生,富有感染力,故意把物或抽象概念当作人来描写,这样的修辞手法叫做拟人。例如:

Spring is coming home with her world wandering feet. 春天迈着周游世界的步伐回来了。

The waves murmured, and the moon wept silver tears. 波浪呜咽着,月亮撒下银色的泪水。

The sun kisses your skin with glowing warmth. The light sea breeze plays with your hair. 日益暖和的太阳亲吻着你的肌肤,轻柔的海风戏弄着你的头发。

即景活用:Put the following sentences into English.

1.花儿在草地上翩翩起舞。

______________________________________

2.我的心在歌唱。

______________________________________

3.这一次命运朝他微笑了。

______________________________________

4.当她经过的时候花儿向她点头致意。

______________________________________

Key:1. Flowers danced about the lawn. 2. My heart was singing. 3. This time fate was smiling to him.

4. The flowers nodded to her while she passed.

2. „and then construct shabby homes from whatever materials they can find on poor clay soil. „„然后(他们)在贫瘠的土地上用可以找到的任何材料搭建起破烂的房子。

句中whatever是形容词,意为“任何„„的;不管什么样的;无论怎么的”,引导名词性从句。例如:

He read whatever books he could get. 不论什么书,只要是他能得到的他都看。

Whatever excuse he makes will not be believed. 不管他找什么借口都没有人相信。

whatever还可用作连接代词,意为“任何„„的事物;凡是„„的东西;不管什么”。」例如:

I’ll post that letter whatever Wilson says. 不管威尔逊说什么,我都要寄出那封信。

即景活用:Multiple choice.

1. — ______ can I do with such a situation?

— Take ______ measure you consider best.

A. How;whichever

C. How;whatever B. What;whatever D. What;whichever

2. You can contact us by telephone or e-mail, ______ you prefer.

A. whenever B. however

C. whichever D. whatever

3. — What do you want to do next? We have half an hour until the basketball game begins.

— It’s up to you. _______ you want to do is fine with me.

A. Whatever B. However

C. Whichever D. Whoever

4. You can find _______ you need at the shopping centre, which is always busy at the weekend.

A. whichever B. wherever

C. whoever D. whatever

5. _______ hungry I am, I never seem to be able to finish off a whole pizza.

A. However B. How

Key:1. B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. A C. Whatever D. What

Unit 22 词汇讲与练

take action

【课本链接】But why wait around for governments to take action? 但是为什么要等待政府来采取行动呢?

【点拨】句中take action意为“采取行动,开始起作用”。又如:

We must take immediate and resolute action. 我们必须采取坚决而果断的行动。

The medicine will not take action for two hours. 这药在两小时后才会起作用。

Please take your time to deliberate before you take action. 请在采取行动前花时间考虑一下。

即景活用:Multiple choice.

1. The new regulations will not _______ until the beginning of next month.

A. take care

D. take place

2. After receiving the news, immediate _______ had been taken by the local government to stop the spreading of the disease.

A. action

D. agreement

Key:1. B 2. A B. take action C. take part B. behavior C. arrangement

given

【课本链接】Given this data, it seems that the link between human activities and rising global temperatures is not merely a coincidence. 根据这一数据推断,人类活动与全球变暖之间的关系不仅仅只是一个巧合。

【点拨】句中given作介词,它引导的短语用作状语,表示“根据,考虑到,鉴于, 如果有”。又如:

Given the condition, we are fully confident of the present IT industry of China. 根据这一情况,我们对中国当前的IT产业充满信心。

I hope to finish this work this year, given good health. 如果健康状况良好,我希望今年完成这项计划。

given that作连词,后接从句,也可表示“如果, 假如”之意。例如: Given that the weather is good, their ship will reach Shanghai Friday evening. 如果天气很好,他们的船将在星期五晚上抵达上海。

即景活用:Complete the following sentences by using “given”, with one word for each blank.In,the,last,few,decades,scientists,have,reached,consensus,and,reported,that,human,beings,are,causing

1.如果有机会,我就到奥地利来看你。

I will come and see you in Austria, _______ _______ _______.

2. 考虑到他们缺乏经验,他们的工作还是做得很不错的。

_______ _______ they are inexperienced, they’ve done a good job.

Key:1. given the chance 2. Given that

result in

【课本链接】A number of nations have already been in armed conflict over water, and reduced rainfall in the west of the US has resulted in huge forest fires. 一些国家已经因为水的问题而发生武装冲突;在美国西部,由于降水量减少已经导致多起森林大火。

【点拨】句中result in意为“结果,导致”,不用于被动语态。又如: The accident resulted in ten deaths. 这次事故造成十人死亡。 result from 意为“产生于„„”,“由„„引起”。例如:

Nothing had resulted from our efforts. 我们的努力没有产生什么结果。 as a result of意为“因为,由于”。例如:

He couldn’t help crying as a result of his success in the important examination. 因为通过了那次重要的考试,他禁不住哭了。

即景活用:Complete the following sentences, with “result in, result from, as a result of”.

1. The earthquake ___________________ (造成了数万人死亡).

2. Every year large numbers of deaths _______ (由车祸造成).

3. ___________ (经过我们的努力), the difficult situation changed into a favourable one.

Key:1. resulted in tens of thousands of deaths 2. result from car accidents 3. As a result of

our efforts

Lessons 1-2, Unit 23 重点、难点解析

1. Drummer hits the road. 鼓手走人。

从下面几点学习句中hit的用法。

(1) hit用作动词,意为“打击,击中,撞击,袭击;(主意等)突然被想到”。例如: The bullet hit the police officer in the shoulder. 子弹射中了警官的肩膀。

Television has hit the cinema industry very hard. 电视的出现沉重地打击了电影业。 Price increases hit everyone’s pocket. 物价上涨冲击了每个人的钱袋。

The idea hit me when I woke up this morning. 我今天早晨醒来时突然想到了这个主意。

第二篇:《【创新设计】2015届高考英语总复习复习语言基础知识Unit22 Environmental Protection》

·必考话题22 学科王

[写 作 必 备]

基础词汇

1.waste vt.& n.废弃物;浪费

2.plastic n.& adj. 塑料(的)

3.polluted adj. 受污染的

4.threaten vt. 威胁 学科王

5.energy n. 能源

6.existence n. 生存

7.environment n. 环境

8.environmental adj. 环境的

9.be ashamed of 对„„感到羞耻

10.result v. 导致

11.do harm to 对„„造成伤害

12.leave...behind 把„„抛于脑后

提分句型

1.Our earth is being endangered by the more and more serious pollution.

污染越来越严重,我们的地球处境危险。

2.There will be a rainstorm accompanied by thunder and lightning.将有一场雷电交加的暴风雨。

3.In the past hundred years,there have been frequent natural disasters such as floods,droughts,and earthquakes.在过去的几百年里,经常发生诸如水灾、干旱和地震这样的自然灾害。

[美 文 赏 析]

素材示例 (2013·江苏卷)请根据你对下面两幅图的理解,以“Actions Speak

Louder than Words”为题,用英语写一篇作文

你的作文应包括以下内容:(1)简要描述两幅图的内容;(2)概述你对两幅图中不同做法的理解;(3)举例说明两幅图对你的启示。

注意:(1)可参照图片适当发挥;(2)作文词数150左右;(3)作文中不得提及有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如校名、人名等。

参考词汇:banner横幅;stump树桩

Actions Speak Louder than Words

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

佳作播报

Actions Speak Louder than Words

Earth Day is a day when we show our concern about our planet,which is now suffering much damage.However,different people may celebrate it in different ways,just like what the pictures show us.The man in Picture 1 is only trying to put up a banner on a lonely tree around which are many stumps.① On the contrary,in Picture 2 the couple are planting trees happily.

What the pictures tell us is that actions speak louder than words.If we want to protect our earth, instead of going on cutting down trees and just talking in vain,it's our actions that make a big difference.

Things are the same in our daily life.Some people often complain about others' bad behaviours on the road,while② they themselves refuse to obey traffic rules.Some 学科王

may care about their own interests,and even do harm to others even if③ they constant学科王ly advocate doing voluntary work to help the poor.Therefore,just remembering

actions speak louder than words is not enough.We should take practical steps if we

want to achieve a certain goal.

1....around which are many stumps.此句是介词+which引导的定语从句。

[模拟] 告诉我火车离开的时间。

2.while此处强调对比,意为“即,然而”。

[模拟] The son was having a good meal at homethe field.In,the,last,few,decades,scientists,have,reached,consensus,and,reported,that,human,beings,are,causing

儿子在家吃好饭而父母却在田里辛勤劳作。 学科王

3.even if即使,相当于even though用于引导让步状语从句。 学科王

[模拟] 即使你不成功,我们也将会支持你。

Ⅰ.核心单词

1.________(vt.)使困住

2.________(prep.)超出

3.________(vt.)主张,提倡→________(n.)拥护,提倡

4.________(n.)代替品,代用品

5.________(n.)方法→________(pl.) 学科王

6.________(adj.)相关的→________(n.)相关(性) 学科王

7.________(n.)巧合→________(adj.)同时发生的

8.________(n.)资金→________(adj.)财政的,金融的

9.________(n.)保护区vt.保留;预订→________(adj.)预定的,保留的→________(n.)预订;保留 10.________(n.)农业→________(adj.)农业的

11.________(vt.)威胁→________(n.)威胁 学科王

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