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第一篇:《甘肃省兰州市2015届高三3月诊断考试英语试题》

兰州市2015届高三3月诊断考试

英语试题

注意事项:

1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、

考号填写在答题纸相应的位置上。

2.本试卷满分120分,考试用时100分钟。

3.答题全部在答题纸上完成,试卷上答题无效。

第I卷

第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Brownie and Spotty were neighbor dogs who met every day to play together. These two loved each other and played together so often that they had worn a path through the grass of the field between their respective houses.

One evening, Brownie’s family noticed that Brownie hadn’t returned home. They went looking for him with no success and by the next week he was still missing.

Curiously, Spotty showed up at Brownie’s house alone. Barking, whining (哀叫) and generally pestering (纠缠) Brownie’s human family. Busy with their own lives, they just ignored the nervous little neighbor dog.

Continuously,Ted, Brownie’s owner, was disturbed by the angry, determined little dog. Spotty followed Ted about, barking insistently, then rushing toward a nearby empty lot and back, as if to say, “Follow me! It’s urgent!”

Eventually, Ted followed Spotty to a deserted spot half a mile from the house. There Ted found his beloved Brownie alive, one of his hind legs crushed in a steel leghold trap. Horrified, Ted now wished he’d taken Spotty’s earlier appeals seriously. Then Ted noticed something quite remarkable.

Spotty had done more than simply led Brownie’s human owner to his trapped friend. In a circle around the injured dog, Ted found an array of dog food and table scraps which were later identified as the remains of every meal Spotty had been fed that week!

Spotty had been visiting Brownie regularly, in the hope of keeping his friend alive by sacrificing his own comfort. Spotty had evidently stayed with Brownie to protect him from hunger and other dangers, and keep his spirits up.

Brownie’s leg was treated by a veterinarian (兽医) and he recovered. For many years thereafter, the two families watched the faithful friends chasing each other down that well worn path between their houses.

1.Why did Ted pay little attention to Spotty at the very beginning?

A.Because Ted was tired of listening to Spotty barking.

B.Because Ted only cared about Brownie’s safety.

C.Because Ted was not free at that moment.

D.Because Ted knew where Brownie was.

2..

A.was curious to find out what had happened

B.highly appreciated Spotty’s helprecently,our,local,government

C.was worried about Brownie’s health

D.regretted not following Spotty earlier

3.Not only did Spotty help Ted find Brownie but also A.he went to see his friend and played with him secretly

B.he sent messages to some other persons in his community to save his friend

C.he managed to lead a veterinarian to treat his friend

D.he sent food to his friend, accompanied him and inspired him to cheer up

4.What can we learn from the story?

A.Barking dogs seldom bite.

B.A friend in need is a friend indeed.

C.Love me, love my dog.

D.Every dog has its day.

B

Your kids learn a lot from their friends—things you can’t teach them, no matter how much you want to.

Probably the most important thing kids learn is how to have peer relationships. As a parent, you can’t do this, because you and your child aren’t equals.

For example, when you’re sitting on your family room floor and your very young child asks you to pass him the blocks, you probably hand them right over. If your child is sitting with a peer and asks the same thing, though, he might not get what he wants.

To succeed, your child will need to learn strategies for getting what he wants. For example, he might simply yank (猛拉) the toy out of his friend’s hand. If he does that, he may learn that it’s not the best way of getting what he wants because it leads to fighting and time-outs. The successful child

will learn that he needs to negotiate a trade, to wait patiently, or to find something else equally fun to play with.

Friends also provide emotional support, something that is part of the foundation of healthy adulthood. You can’t be with your child on the elementary school playground or at the high school dance. Your child’s even if her lousy prom (糟糕的舞会) date wanders off instead of dancing with her.

Friends also help your children learn. Friends solve problems together, imitate each other, and pass on knowledge .

Some experts believe that the single biggest predictor of your child’s success later in life is her ability to make friends. In fact, they claim it’s even more important than IQ and grades.

This doesn’t mean that the kids who are most popular in school do the best later on in life. What matters is not the number of friends a child has but rather the quality of the relationships.

This is good news for those of us who hate to think that popularity really is the Holy Grail of childhood and adolescence. While it’s true that popularity has many advantages, and that many popular kids really are nice people—and not just the best dressed or best looking—it’s better to have a few good friends than torecently,our,local,government

have the admiration of the masses.

5.By giving the example in Paragraph 3, the author wants to show that

A.kids can learn how to deal with the relationships when they stay with their peers

B.parents should spend more spare time playing with their kids

C.kids should learn how to be polite when they ask their parents for help

D.parents can teach their kids how to be good members in the modern society in their daily life

6.What does the underlined phrase“stick up for” in the fifth paragraph mean?

A.envy B.oppose C.support D.ignore

7.In the author’s opinion, is more important than being popular for kids.

A.getting high grades

B.having some real friends

C.developing a good habit

D.knowing how to dress themselves up

8.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

A.How to Bridge the Generation Gap

B.What It Takes to Be a Good Friend

C.Why Friends Are Important

D.How to Be Popular in School

C

Three-dimensional printers are fast becoming everyday devices in the United States. Three-D printers are used to make everything from automobile parts to bone replacements for human patients. American research scientists are now working on creating replacements for living tissue.

Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have been working on creating and manufacturing living tissue since 2003.This process is called biofabrication (生物制造) . It requires special printing equipment and a special kind of ink.

Traditional printers require ink to produce an image or design on a piece of paper. For their three-D printer, the South Carolina researchers prepare complex nutritious solutions they call bio-inks. Bio-inks are made of proteins and glucose (葡萄糖) , which normally provides energy for most cells of the body. The researchers also add living cells taken from the animal that will receive the new, printed tissue. The bio-inks are then added to a device that researchers call the Palmetto bio-printer.

Sarah Grace Dennis is one of the researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina. She says new technology, like the Palmetto bio-printer, is a great help to the biofabrication process.

The bio-inks are placed in three dispensers (分配器) , containers, inside the printer. Lasers control both the position of the printing surface and the places where the bio-ink is released.

Michael Yost is a leader of the research team. He says the printing process is fully automated— machine-operated. He says that the Palmetto bio-printer makes it possible to create complex tissue types. The researchers say bio-printing is still experimental. But they hope in a few years they may be able to print tissue to replace damaged human organs.

But there are still some problems which need to be solved. Some scientists worry about how to get blood to the replacement tissue. The flow of blood is important to keep the printed tissue alive.

Michael Yost hopes that more people will believe in the benefits of biofabrication.

“Tissue biofabrication is a reality, and it is a reality now, and if you come here and you get to see it. You

will get to see it. You can’t touch it, but you will see it and think this is real. And this is really human.”

9.What can we know about the bio-inks?

A.They are the necessities of bio-printing.

B.They only contain proteins and glucose.

C.They can be placed in the traditional printers.

D.They are available in our local drugstores.

10.Which of the following is one of the concerns with biofabrication?

A.Researchers can’t find enough living cells of animals to make the bio-inks.

B.The price of the bio-printer is too high and most people can’t afford it.

C.Scientists have some difficulty in getting the blood to the replacement tissue.

D.People are worried about the safety of the biofabrication process.

11.A.the Palmetto bio-printer can work without power

B.the Palmetto bio-printer has been used to treat the patients

C.the Palmetto bio-printer can only be found in the United States

D.the Palmetto bio-printer will have a bright future in medical use

12.The passage mainly tells us about .

A.the three-D printer and its working principles

B.the bio-inks and their use in bio-printing

C.the spread use of the bio-printer in the USA

D.the growing demand for biofabrication

D

BEIJING, (Xinhua) —China’s capital city launched its first underground library, “M Subway Library” on Jan. 12,2015. The theme of its first activity is “Our Characters”. Citizens riding the special train on subway Line 4 now can read e-books provided by the National Library by scanning the QR code in the carriage.

“M Subway Library” is a public welfare program initiated by the Beijing MTR and the National Library to provide qualified book resources to the public through the platform of public transportation. The library will organize different themed activities regularly and recommend a dozen free books to the public each year in the long term.

XINING, (Xinhua) —A bullet train made its maiden trip from Xining city to Lanzhou city in Northwest China on Dec. 26, 2014, marking the start of the full operations of the Lanxin high-speed railway. The Lanxin high-speed railway links Urumqi in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region with Xining, capital of Qinghai Province, and Lanzhou, capital of Gansu Province, slashing the total travel time from more than 23 hours to 11 hours and 50 minutes. The 1,776-kilometer high-speed rail line, with a designed speed of 250 kilometers per hour, is China’s first high-speed railway built in a high-altitude region.

NINGBO, (Xinhua) —Ningbo Subway Line 1 started running special trains with 3D paintings featuring the city’s culture starting on Dec. 20, 2014.Through the paintings, the city in East China’s Zhejiang province seeks to share its culture and attract more outside visitors. The paintings focus on four themes: rice cake, fishing festival, books and Buddhism.

13.The purpose of launching “M Subway Library” is to

A.earn more money by making advertisements in the carriage

B.attract more tourists to come to Beijing to take the subway

C.make the idea of “Green Travel” go deep into people’s mindrecently,our,local,government

D.offer the passengers an additional reading platform

14.Which of the following statements is correct according to the news?

A.The Lanxin high-speed railway covers Gansu, Xinjiang and Tibet.

B.It is China’s first high-speed railway.

C.It has a length of 1,776 kilometers.

D.It will take you 11 hours and 50 minutes to travel from Xining to Urumqi.

15.What can you enjoy when you ride the special train on subway Line 1 in Ningbo?

A.Chinese classical music.

B.3D paintings about Ningbo’s culture.

C.Traditional Chinese paintings.

D.3D films which were shot in Ningbo.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 One of the best ways to change your looks and improve your health is to lose excessive weight. There are plenty of tips, hints and various techniques to help you cope with the problem.

Say good-bye to sugar

. Sugar is added to most products to make them more addictive. People like the sweet taste and get used to eating pretty soon. Do not use sugar at all or minimize its amount while cooking.

Enjoys fruits and vegetables

Eating fruits and veggies is absolutely necessary when you are on a diet and need minerals, vitamins and other nutrients to stay energetic and alert. because we tend to snack on fast food instead. In order not to get bored with vegetables and fruits, be creative and invent something new, such as colorful salads or smoothies.

Get enough sleep

It has been scientifically proved that people who do not get enough sleep eat . It is stressful for the whole organism to stay up late at night. Go to bed before midnight. Avoid snacking on fatty and sugary foods before bedtime. Stop drinking caffeinated drinks a few hours before you go to bed so that you could fall asleep easier.

Reduce the amount of meat you consume

you might hear from a specialist is that you should reduce the amount of consumed meat if your goal is weight loss.

Being physically active is good for you and not boring at all. It does not require any special skills or equipment. Practice sports for entertainment. Only then will you be able to fully enjoy it and keep on exercising further.

A.They need calories to stay alert

B.We need to burn excessive calories to keep healthy

第二篇:《2015兰州一诊 甘肃省兰州市2015年高三3月诊断考试 英语答案》

2015年高三诊断考试英语参考答案及评分标准

第I卷

第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分40分)

第一节:(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

1—4 CDDB 5—8 ACBC 9—12 ACDB 13—15 DCB

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

16—20 CGADE

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

21—25 CBDDD 26—30 DBACA 31—35 DBCAA 36—40 ACBAB

第II卷

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节:(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

41. makes 42. are 43. acceptable 44. the 45. vary

46. which 47. freedom 48. drive 49. keeps 50. in

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分, 满分10分)

Recently our local government has decided to broaden a narrow road and there is a temple of the / this has

carry

problems Besides

against

Why

city. We can move it away and keep it as long as we like.

has

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

One possible version

to give us an adult ceremony speech on behalf of all the teachers and students of our school? The speech is scheduled to be given on April,28 at the school hall, the theme of which will be how to realize our dreams through personal efforts. We are eager to hear you talk about your own experiences and unique views.

I sincerely hope you can take your time from your busy schedule, and I would appreciate it very much if you can come. Thank you in advance and wish you all the best.

I am looking forward to receiving your reply at your earliest convenience.

评分标准:

一、书面表达评分原则(参照2014高考英语考试说明《课标卷》评分原则)

二、内容要点

1.说明写信的目的(扣题表述);

2.说明演讲的具体安排(扣题表述);

3.表达感谢与祝福。

三、各档次的给分范围和要求:

第五档:(21-25分)

——完全完成了试题规定的任务。

——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。

——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具 备较强的语言运用能力。

第四档:(16-20分)

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