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Nobel win honors scientist屠呦呦获诺奖
Tu Youyou, an 84-year-old female scientist, became the first Chinese citizen to win a Nobel Prize in science on Oct 5. While the news has stirred China’s national pride, it has also highlighted differences in prize-awarding practices between China and the world.
Tu, a researcher at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, shared the 2015 Nobel Prize for Medicine with Irish-born William Campbell and Satoshi Omura of Japan for unlocking revolutionary treatments for parasitic diseases. Campbell and Omura were honored for their anti-roundworm treatment, while Tu came up with a new drug for malaria.
Tu conducted research in the 1970s that led to the discovery of artemisinin, a drug that has considerably cut the number of malaria deaths and saved millions of lives. The treatment is based on an herb used in Chinese traditional medicine, called sweet wormwood. Artemisinin-based drugs are now the standard treatment for malaria.
When news broke that Tu was being awarded the prize, there were cheers as well as doubts. Some said the achievement was the result of collective efforts by lots of Chinese scientists, so it is unfair to award the prize only to Tu, China Youth Daily reported.
Indeed, domestic science awards are primarily presented to projects, instead of individual scientists, the newspaper pointed out.
But Western awards tend to honor individual scientists who are the first to come up with a new idea or method, said Li Zhenzhen, a researcher with the China Academy of Sciences. “The West believes that the advancement of science originates from individuals’ creative minds,” said Li.
Tu got the award for three “firsts”. She was the first to bring artemisinin to her project team, the first to extract a form of artemisinin that can altogether inhibit malaria, and the first to complete a clinical trial, according to Zhang Boli, director of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences.
“Awarding prizes to scientists with creative ideas is the source of national innovation,” Li suggested. “The key is to create fair rules to find the most convincing candidate.”
高二（ ）班 姓名：_____________ 学号：_________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 寄生虫的 疟疾 草药 提取 Roundworm Artemisinin Originate Inhibit 蛔虫 青蒿素 发源 抑制
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答案，并将其标号填涂在答题卡相应位置。每段对话读两遍。 1. Where will the man go?
A. To a supermarket. B. To a bank. C. To a bookstore. 2. What will the woman do with the wallet? A. Take it to her home. B. Go to look for the owner. C. Put it away and wait for the owner. 3. When did the woman get the robot?
A. Six weeks ago. B. Half a year ago. C. Six years ago. 4. How will the boy go to school?
A. By school bus. B. By car. C. By bike. 5. What does Bob look like now?
A. He is tall. B. He is short. C. He is heavy. 第二节
听下面几段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答案，并将其标号填涂在答题卡相应位置。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第6至第7两个小题。6. When was Linda supposed to get to Mary's party?tu,youyou,an,85,years,old,,won。
A. At 5: 30 pm. B. At 5:40 pm. C. At 6:40 pm. 7. Why did Mary feel terrible? A. She didn't have fun at the party. B. Nobody else came to the par哆. C. She left the gift at home.
听下面一段对话，回答第8至第10三个小题。 8. Who is Tom's favorite singer?tu,youyou,an,85,years,old,,won。
A. Eason Chen. B. Jay Chou. C. Vincent Fang. 9. Why does the girl like Jay Chou? A. Because he explains songs well. B. Because he writes his own songs.
C. Because he practices singing hard.
10. What will the English teacher do at the Christmas party? A. He'll sing a song with his students. B. He'll sing a song with Jay Chou. C. He'll dance with his students.
听下面一段独白，回答第11至第12两个小题。 11. What is the speech about on Saturday morning?
A. Saving water. B. Saving money. C. Saving paper. 12. What will the volunteers do on Sunday morning?
A. Give a speech. B. Direct the traffic. C. Hand out the bags. 听下面一段对话，回答第13至第15三个小题。
13. How many problems does Paul have with English learning? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. 14. What did Cathy use to be afraid of?
A. Remembering English words. B. Reading English texts. C. Listening to English. 15. What's Cathy's advice on pronunciation? A. Writing English in a small notebook. B. Reviewing English from time to time. C. Listening to English 20 minutes every day. 第三节
16. 17. 18. 19. 20.
从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案，并将其标号填涂在答题卡相应位置。 21. Tu Youyou, 2015.
A. a B. an C. the D. /tu,youyou,an,85,years,old,,won。
22. All the leaders from SCO (上合组织for the service they received in Zhengzhou on Dec. 14 and 15, 2015.
A. attention B. courage C. praise D. energy
23. We are going to visit Mark calling him first, for we want to give him a surprise. A. by B. through C. with D. without 24. The old man lives in a house that he built 25. --Have you heard of the small restaurant in New York?
--Yes. It's famous for its dinner activities. Talking is not allowed there. A. silent B. noisy C. private D. impolite
26. Mike has a good habit of keeping healthy. He always A. suggests B. regrets C. avoids D. enjoys 27. Before taking action, make sure you know A. hardly B. exactly C. carefully D. nearly
28. Vicky was worried that he might be the team because of his terrible work. A. taken off B. kicked off C. turned off D. cleaned off A. unless B. since C. if D. though
30. A. may B. need C. mustn't D. can't 31. What a good day! Look! Some children A. fly B. are flying C. flew D. have flown 32. --Which language --English, of course!
A. is using B. uses C. is used D. has used 33. To improve my writing skills, my mother made me A. recite B. reciting C. recited D. to recite
34. Last year, several TV dramas Hu Ge acted in became very popular, like Nirvana in Fire.
A. what -B. where C. which D. who 35. --What did Mary say in her letter? .
A. itself B. himself C. themselves D. ourselves
A. when will we move to the new house B. where we would go on vacation
C. who can come to her birthday party D. what did we talk about at the class meeting
An old farmer lived on a farm in the mountains with his young grandson. Each morning; Grandpa got up early reading his book. One day the grandson asked, “Grandpa! I try to read the book just like you but I don't it. And I always forget what I do understand as soon as the book. What good does reading the book do?"basket of water.”
The boy did so, but all the water leaked (漏 he got back to the house. The grandfather laughed, “You‟ll hanext times.” The boy tried again and ran faster, but again the basket was empty before he returned home. He told his grandfather that to carry water in a basket. Grandpa answered, "You‟re enough. “The boy ran hard a third time but the basket was empty again. Out of breath, he said, “See Grandpa, it‟s useless!”
“So you think it is useless?" the old man said, “Look at the basket.” The boy looked at the dirty old coal basket into a clean one, inside and out.
“ Grandson, that's what happens when you read the book. You might not understand or, inside and out!" 36. A. understand 37. A. open 38. A. river 39. A. after
B. enjoy B. return B. town B. before B. slower B. helpful B. ever B. by
C. remember C. close C. since C. later C. just
D. complete D. find D. farm D. until D. faster D. impatient D. even D. differentD. to
The grandfather replied, “Take this coal basket down to theand bring me back a
40. A. sooner 41. A. harmful 42. A. never 43. A. similar 44. A. from
45. A. changed
C. impossible C. valuable C. with C. caught
B. wonderful B. separated
John has been a heavy smoker for over 20 years. However, he finally decided to give up. So he paid a visit to a doctor to get some advice.
The doctor told John he used to smoke, too. “When I first tried giving up, " he said, “I told
myself that cigarettes (烟) are awful, harmful to my health, dangerous to my family and damaging to. my job. "
“After this fight in my mind, I gave up for a while. But several days later I would wake up again and forget about my decision completely. „Maybe smoking is not so terrible?‟.I would rationalize (找理由). „And what if I don't smoke around my family and go where nobody can see me?‟”
He kept giving up and then starting again. His rationalization made him pick up cigarettes again and again. Finally, he decided to try a different way.
“I took a cigarette in my hand, looked at it and told myself: 6 Yes, this cigarette will make me happy. I want to smoke it. But I will give up! "' the doctor said excitedly.
“This way worked, and I have not smoked a cigarette since. The reason I think I succeeded is that I didn't fool myself into trying to create a bad image (形象) of cigarettes. Instead, I agreed that I wanted it, but I chose to control my desires (欲望). "
“So be honest with yourself," said the doctor. “Don't pretend you dislike playing computer games or eating fast food. Instead, tell yourself that these things are all fine only if you can control your desire for them 根据材料内容选择最佳答案，并将其标号填涂在答题卡相应位置。 46. Why did John pay a visit to a doctor? A. They were good friends. B. He wanted to give up smoking. C. He knew the doctor used to smoke, too. D. He wanted to ask him for some medicine. 47. What does the third paragraph talk about? A. The doctor fought against smoking and won. B. The doctor found himself excuses for smoking again. C. The doctor went to smoke where nobody could see him.
D. The doctor always forgot his decision when he woke up. 48. What's the reason the doctor thinks he gave up smoking successfully? A. Following people's advice. B. Trying a different way of smoking.
C. Trying to imagine the bad things of smoking. D. Treating smoking correctly and controlling himself. 49. What does the underline word “Moderation" mean in English?
A. Asking advice from doctors. B. Making fun of oneself. C. Being self-controlled. D. Knowing the truth. 50. What's the best title of the passage?