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英 语 试 题
As a substitute teacher, my daily routine involves driving to a new school almost every day so I'm usually unable to anticipate（预料）the day's events, good or bad!
On one particular day,1 was teaching in a very difficult classroom．1 was managing behavior all morning and by lunch time, I knew I needed coffee to even consider surviving the afternoon．So on my lunch break, I drove to a nearby plaza to get a cup of coffee．Upon returning to the car I realized l had locked my keys and my phone inside! I had about 15 minutes to get back to the school which was a good 4 or 5-minute drive away．I contemplated（思考）rushing back, but it being winter, I thought a nasty fall on ice would only make the situation much worse．
So I ran into a McDonald's which was in the same plaza and asked the man at the counter who happened to be the manager to please call me a cab．I briefly explained my situation to him, and I could tell by the look in his eyes, that he empathized．He hurried to the back to use the phone while I paced in the restaurant．I had less than 10 minutes to get back to my school at this point．
The manager returned only to tell me that the cab company had put him on hold and then the line got disconnected, and that he was now on hold again, but had not yet been able to request the cab yet My expression, I assume, began to resemble some combination of hopelessness and fear．
Without a thought, he grabbed his coat and offered to drive me to the school Without hesitation, I followed him into his car and made it back into my classroom with 2 minutes to spare before the bell! calm behavior and kind nature made
Upon arriving at the school, l thanked this man endlessly．His calm behavior and kind nature made me think he was probably a wonderful manager to work for, and also a wonderful human being to have on this earth．This experience makes me realize that out of every seemingly hopeless situation, there is the opportunity for acts of kindness to transpire（发生）'which can have an unimaginable impact（影响） on those who receive them.
1. why did the author want to get a cup of coffee?
A．Because he was very thirsty at that time．
B．Because he was only interested in drinking coffee
C．Because he had to refresh himself for the classes in the afternoon.
D．Because he wanted to do something special to pass the whole afternoon
2. The author ．___ so he gave up the idea of going back to school on foot when he found his keys and
phone were locked inside the car
A．was too tired to walk further
B．was afraid of falling down on ice
C．asked the manager to call him a cab
D．decided to take a school bus
3．The author has probably stayed in the McDonald's for about
A．15 minutes B．8-9 minutes C．4-5 minutes D．2 minutes
4．What kind of person is the manager?
A．Kind-hearted． B．Faithful． C．Gentle． D．Dependable
Almost everybody in America will spend a part of his or her life behind a shopping cart．They will, in a ．But few will know - or even think to ask - who it was that invented them．
Sylvan N．Goldman invented the shopping cart in 1937．At that time he was in the supermarket
business．Every day he would see shoppers lugging groceries around in baskets they had to carry．
One day Goldman suddenly had the idea of putting baskets on wheels．The wheeled baskets would
make shopping much easier for his customers, and would help to attract more business．
On June 4, 1937, Goldman's first carts were ready for use in his market．He was terribly excited on the
morning of that day as customers began arriving．He couldn't wait to see them using his invention．
But Goldman was disappointed．Most shoppers gave the carts a long look, but hardly anybody would
give them a try．
After a while, Goldman decided to ask customers why they weren't using his carts．"Don't you think this
arm is strong enough to carry a shopping basket?" one shopper replied．
But Goldman wasn't beaten yet．He knew his carts would be a great success if only he could persuade
people to give them a try．To this end, Goldman hired a group of people to push carts around his market and pretend they were shopping! Seeing this．the real customers gradually began copying the phony （假冒的） customers．
As Goldman had hoped, the carts were soon attracting larger and larger numbers to his market．But not
only did more people come - those ．ho came bough, more. With larger easier-to-handle baskets, customers unconsciously bought a greater num e．of items than before.
Tody's shopping carts are five times larger than Goldman’s original model．Perhaps reason America
today spend more than five times as much money on food each year as they did before 1937 - before the coming of the shopping cart．
5 What does the underlined words "chrome-plated contraptions" in the first paragraph refer to ?
A．Baskets． B．Private cars． C．Suitcases． D．Shopping carts．
6．What was the purpose of Goldman's invention?
A．It was to prove him to be a good inventor．
B．It was to reduce the burden of his employees' work．
C．It was to make shopping easier and attract more business．
D．It was to help the disabled make shopping easily in his market．
7．Goldman hired a group of people to push carts around his market in order to
A．attract people to buy things in his market
B．encourage people to use his shopping carts
C．make his market different from the others
D．keep the groceries from being stolen
8．What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A．Goldman will become very famous because of his invention．
B．Goldman's invention will be regarded as the greatest one in the world．
C. Supermarket business has benefited a lot from Goldman's invention．
D There will be nothing that can replace Goldman's invention．
Smartphones really are addictive and the more you use one, the worse it gets．a new study has
revealed．Psychology lecturer, Dr Zaheer Hussain, who conducted the research, found that the more you use a smartphone, the higher your risk of becoming addicted． （过度的） interest or admiration of
oneself and one's physical appearance - is the most common and obvious sign of the addiction．
An obsession（痴迷） with taking selfies and posting them on social media is one key indication.
The study found that 13 percent of 256 participants were addicts．The average age of those who took
part in the online survey was 29．
As a result, the researchers say they believe it should be made compulsory that anyone selling
smartphones should warn customers of their potentially addictive properties．
Dr Hussain said: "The study informs us about smartphone overuse and the impact on psychological
well-being．We now use smartphones on a daily basis and for various tasks so being aware of the psychological effects is very important．There are various smartphone apps such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Candy Crush, as well as Skype and email that make smartphone use psychologically more attractive and can lead to addiction．"
The study also revealed the average user spent 3,6 hours per day on the device, and when the
participants were asked if they used their phone in banned areas．35 percent answered yes．
Social networking sites were the most popular used apps - 87 percen- followed by instant．messaging
apps - 52 percent - and then news apps - 51 percent.
Relationships were also noted in the researcb as, despite 46.8 percent of participants speaking positively
of improved social relations. nearly a quarter admitted their smartphones create communication issues within "real life".
Professor James Elander, Head of the Centre for Psychological Research at the University of Derby,
said: "This study is a very timely one with much potential impact, and the findings show that users should be more aware of how they are using their smartphones and of the potential risks of excessive use."
9. What does the underlined word "narcissism" in the second paragraph mean?
A. Self-esteem. B. Self-love. C. Self-respect. D. Self-trust
10. What's the attitude of Professor James Elander towards the research according to the last paragraph?
A. Positive. B. Negative C. Neutral D. Ambiguous
1l. What can we learn from this passage?
A. People are easy to be addicted to smartphones and can't live a normal life.
B. Smartphone manufacturers should be responsible for the smartphone addiction
C. Smartphone addiction has become a reality and people should take it seriously.
D. Smartphones shouldn't be used to download and use smartphone apps.
Where should an adventurous tourist go? After you've done sightseeing in London, shopping in New York tasted the local food in Paris, and danced to your heart's content at the Brazilian carnival, where else can you go? What exotic（异国的） tourist destination awaits you?
Well, Antarctica sounds like the holiday of a lifetime! It's considered the last great wildemess on Earth. Just a few scientists in research stations share the icy landscape with penguins and other animals which can cope with the low temperatures.
Tourism began in Antarctica in the 1950s and it's still small scale. About 37,000 tourists are expected there this season, but many won't even leave the boat.
The BBC's Juliet Rix visited the frozen continent and asked herself if she should be there at all, causing potential problems to such a sensitive environment. Her tour guide admitted that all visitors leave a footprint and they all go to the same places, the accessible coastline, which is also where the penguins and seals go to breed.
But some people believe that if carefully controlled, tourism can be good for Antarctica. It has no native population and it needs advocates. 'Visitors to the icy continent might be ready to support and even to fund its preservation. And they're likely to engage in the discussion about global warming, which has led to the melting of glaciers.
According to Rix, guidelines are followed when you're about to set foot in Antarctica and tourists have to disinfect（消毒） their boots to make sure no alien species are introduced.
And once on land, there's no eating or smoking. Rocks, bone fragments - nothing should be taken as a souvenir and nothing should be left behind. Tourists fortunate enough to visit the Antarctica must be aware that this is not their home and keep their fingers crossed that future generations will also be able to enjoy such breathtaking views.
A．Antarctica has become the best place for people to travel
B．only scientists can be allowed to go to Antarctica
C．Antarctica is less affected by human activities
D．no animals can survive in Antarctica except penguins
13．Juliet Rix's travel in Antarctica mentioned in the fourth paragraph indicates that
A．governments should take measures to stop tourists from going to Antarctica '"
B．whether tourists should go to Antarctica or not should be considered carefully
C．the animals- habitat in Antarctica has been seriously affected by tourism
D．only journalists begin to pay attention to the environmental protection in Antarctica
14．Which of the following statements is true according to Rix?where,should,an,adventurous。
A．Tourists can eat and smoke in Antarctica．
B．Tourists can take something they like from Antarctica．
C．Tourists can throw away something they don't need in Antarctica．
D．Tourists can enjoy the beautiful scenery in Antarctica．
15．Which of the following is the best title of this passage?
A．Why can't tourists go to Antarctica?
B．How can tourists go to Antarctica'?
C．Should tourists go to Antarctica'?
D．Are tourists allowed to "o to Antarctica'?
We have all seen nervous presenters in classrooms and meetings. One effect of being nervous is moving from side to side. 16 . In fact the audience can lose interest in a speaker who does not move.
How a speaker moves is important. Whole-body movement should be slow and planned to command attention. Such movement helps to communicate confidence.
17 , But they look at their notes on a paper or at the screen if they have an electronic presentation. With posture, the typical problem for new speakers is that they are often moving back and forth, and they're not facing the audience. They'll often be facing the white board or the screen with slides and be talking to that rather than talking to the audience. The same thing with eye contact-they find it really, really difficult -making eye contact with the audience , because they'll be looking at their notes, they'll be looking at their computer, they'll be looking at the screen, they will be looking at the floor. The problem of having notes, and trying to talk from notes, often is a big problem. 18 . The best way to avoid this problem is to use images and few words for notes instead of sentences. The image should help communicate the point you want to make. Writing a few words with the image on your slide helps you remember that point. Then you can look at the audience while speaking.
19 . When you practice, remember these important tips: Be aware of your posture, eye contact, and gestures.
.20 . Then step by step, you'll become an excellent speaker.
A. So they usually have eye contact with the audience.
B. So they have trouble with eye contact.
C. An important part of public speaking is practice.
D. New public speakers know that they should look at the audience while they speak
E. A presenter does not need to stand perfectly still.
F. Improve your public speaking with body language.
G Look for opportunities to speak and gain more confidence.
Many students often say that they don't have "enough time" to do all their schoolwork．
My 21 is often a brief "You have as much time as the president．" I usually carry on a bit about 22 twenty-four hours in the day for everyone, and suggest that "not enough time" is not an 23 explanation of 24 something done．
25 in graduate school, 1 tried to prove to one of my professors 26 saying that I was working hard．His answer to me was, "That's irrelevant （无关的）． 27 is important is the _ 28 of your work．" Since then I have had time to think carefully about the " 29 ．" dodge （诀窍）and S have come to some
1. What does the man probably do?
A. A teacher. B. A lawyer. C. A doctor.
2. What will the woman do this evening?
A. Have a meal with the man.
B. Help her brother with his English.
C. Give the restaurant a phone call.
3. Who is calling?
A. Mr. Jacobs’ secretary.
B. Mr. Smith’s secretary.
C. Mr. Ford’s secretary.
4. When will the morning tea break be after the conversation?
A. At 10:00. B. At 10:30. C. At 11:00.