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海淀一模： Apathy Apathy is a state of lacking interest, enthusiasm or concern. 71 _____They may alsoexhibit unfeelingness. Christians have condemned apathy as a lack of love and devotion to God and His works.
72 _____ Also meaning “absence of passion” in Greek, the term “apatheia” was used by the Stoics(禁欲主义者)to show a desirable state of indifference towards events and things which lie outside one’s control.
The modem concept of apathy became well known after World War I，when it was called “shell shock. ” Soldiers, living in the trenches among the bombing and gun fires, saw
thebattlefields filled with dead and wounded companions. 73 _____ In 1950，US novelist Passos wrote “Apathy is one of the characteristic responses of any living being when it is subjected to something too tense or too complicated to deal with. ” US philosopher Robert M. Hutchins summarizes the concerns about political indifference. He claims that the death of democracy is not likely to be a sudden murder from ambush (埋伏）74 _____
There may be other things contributing to a person’s apathy. Activist Dave Meslin argues that apathy is often the result of social systems actively blocking engagement and involvement. He describes various barriers that prevent people from knowing how or why they might get involved insomething. 75 _____ These include ： political media that make it difficult for potentiallyinterested people to find relevant information，and media descriptions of heroes as “ chosen ” by outside forces rather than self-motivated. He suggests that we redefine social apathy as a result of poorly designed systems that fail to invite others to participate. A. It will be a slow process of fading away from apathy and indifference. B. Apathetic people may lack a sense of purpose or meaning in their life. C. He focuses on designed choices that deliberately or indeliberately exclude people.
D. The word “dispassion” is used for “apatheia”，so as not to confuse it with apathy.
E. So they gradually developed a sense of disconnected numbness to normal social
F. Although the word “apathy” originates from “apatheia”，it is important not to confuse the two terms. G. Author John McManamy argues apathy is a psychological problem for some depressed
people，in which they get a sense that “nothing matters”.
Swapping Houses for Vacation
When budgeting for a vacation, usually the most expensive part of the trip is the accommodations．The traditional way to take a vacation is to pack some bags, lock up the house, and travel to a new place to stay in a hotel．However, hotels are very expensive, and with rent or housing loan（贷款）due every month, it's difficult for most people to pay for yet another place to stay．Luckily, there is a substitute called house swapping, and it's saving tourists a great deal of cash．
if a couple from New York want to spend a week in Paris, they would place an ad offering to trade their New York apartment for one in Paris for a week．If a Parisian couple that want to vacation in New York read the advertisement, houses can be swapped, and both couples save hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars by avoiding big-city hotel fees．If all goes well, both couples can post positive reviews of the other's home online so that potential travelers can see that everything was fine．other out．
There are other advantages co house swapping as well．you in a neighborhood that can give you a better representation of the life and culture in theplace you're visiting．The next time you want to spend your vacation in a new place, butdon't want to pay a fortune, check what's posted online and find a house to swap．
I know just how you feel
Do you feel sad? Happy?Angry? You may think that the way you show these emotions isunique．Well, think again．Even the expression of the most personal feelings can be classified,according to Mind Reading, a DVD exhibiting every possible human emotion．In the mid 1800s, Darwin divided the emotions into six types—anger, fear, sadness,disgust, surprise and enjoyment．More complex expressions of emotion were probablylearned and therefore more specific to each culture．But now it is believed that many morefacial expressions are shared worldwide． The Mind Reading DVD is a systematicvisual record of these expressions．
The project was designed by a Cambridge professor．His research team first had todefine an "emotion"． Using this definition, 412 emotion terms were identified anddiscussed, from "afraid" to "wanting"．
Then each expression is acted out by six different actors．"It was really clear when the actorshad got it right," says Cathy Collis, who directed the DVD．"Although they were given somedirection, the actors were not told which facial muscles they should moveSomeone who has tried to set such rules is the American, Professor Paul Ekman, whobuilt database of how the face moves for every emotion．The face can make 43 distinct musclemovements．Ekman has also found that it may not be possible for people to reproduce themartificially．The most difficult expression to reproduce is the smile．It isn't only aboutstretching the lips, but tightening the tiny muscles around the eyes If we learnt torecognize whether someone was using their eye muscle when they smiled, we would be ableto
distinguish true enjoyment from false．
A．It shows 412 distinct ways we feel．
B．These can be combined into more than 10,000 facial shapes．
C．These particular muscles are difficult to control, and few people can do it．
D．They decided that it was a mental state that could be introduced by "I feel" or "he looks " or "she sounds"．
E．He said the expression of these feelings was universal and recognizable by anyone, from any culture．
F．It is as if they are programmed into the brains of "normal humans" wherever they are and whatever their races．
G．We thought of trying to describe each emotion, but it would have been almost impossible to make clear rules for this．
Stay on the brighter side of life
One very important component of optimism is gratitude or feeling grateful. In fact, there is a strong connection between a grateful attitude and a heightened sense of well-being.Appreciate all the positives in your life by starting a gratitude journal in order to remember what you’re grateful for. ___71___
Feeling down? Instead of feeling sorry for yourself waiting for the universe to throw you a bone, try acting like you’re happy—even if you aren’t. A sincere smile and a forced smile will cause the same chemical reactions in your brain, so you can actually fool your mind into feeling better by making it react chemically as if things were going well. ___72___ Reassure yourself that everything is good—even if you don’t feel it.
“___73___ If you’re stuck in traffic, then everything else must be going horribly too,” says Anne Parker, a wellness counselor. By blowing negative events out of proportion, you’re setting yourself up for feeling down all day. Instead, acknowledge that you’re stuck in traffic, but also bring to mind something good, like the beautiful scenery outside the window.That way, you’ll get in the habit of forbidding negative circumstances from blanketing your whole day.
Swearing to lose 20 pounds or to run a marathon seems like goals leading to happiness, but they take time to achieve. ___74___Youmay even end up admitting that you have been defeated. However, if you focus on the small milestones that occur along the way, you will feel positive about your progress, which will give you the strength to keep going.
___75___ Try making someone else’s day better. A report by United Healthcare and Volunteer Match found that volunteers are 72% more likely to characterize themselves as optimistic compared with non-volunteers. Plus, 89% of volunteers say that volunteering has improved their sense of well-being, and 92% say that it enriches their sense of purpose in life.
A. Try to help someone in need.
B. Want to give your attitude a lift?
C. People tend to think in an either-or way.
D.Act in an optimistic way—smile, laugh, tell a joke.
E. You’ll fail to appreciate more important things in your life.七选五lack,of,sleep,switches。
F. By focusing on not having accomplished them yet, you will start to feel down on yourself. G. By remembering the pleasant things in your life, you can actually turn a negative attitude around.
Lack of sleep "switches off’genes
One week of bad sleep can "switch off” hundreds ofgenes and raise the risk ofa host ofillnesses which is linked to higher bodyweights or heart disease, scientists claim． Getting fewer thansix hours' sleep per night can switch off genes in the body according to a new study．
Our bodies depend on genes to produce a constant supply of proteins which are used to replaceor repair damaged tissue, but after a week of lacking in sleep some of genes stopped working．which slept for lessthan six hours per night for a whole week, and one which slept for ten hours per night．At the end ofthe week each group was kept awake for 40 hours and donated blood
How to Make Friends
Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leave us without a friend But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends.
1. Associate with others.
The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places.
2. Start a conversation
Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people.
Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together, Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience.
4. Let it grow.
It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls,
messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally.
5. Enjoy your friendship
The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you.
A. Be cheerful.七选五lack,of,sleep,switches。
B. Do things together.
C. Do not wait to be spoken to.
D. Try not to find fault with your friends.
E. Making new friends comes easy for some people.
F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch.
G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.
How to Calm Your Teen's Nerves before an Exam Stress is a feeling of physical. mental of emotional strain of tension which disturbs or interferes with normal physiological balance. Stress can be overwhelming for anyone, but
it can be especially difficult for a teen that has not yet developed effective coping skills. A major source of teen stress is school exams, and test anxiety is not uncommon. So, how can parents help their teen stay calm before an exam?
Recognize when your teen is under stress.
Teens can feel an immense pressure to do well on exams. For some teens, just the idea of taking the test can bring them into a panic(恐慌). Emotional symptoms include: excessive of uncontrollable drying, aggression or mood swings, and panic attacks.
What should parents do?
Parents need to be involved in their teen's work. What they look for is your presence--to talk, to dry, or simply to sit with them quietly. Communicate openly with your teen. --Help them get organized
Help your teen think about what she has to study and plan accordingly. --Give them a nutritious diet
It's important for your teen to eat a healthy, balanced diet during exam times to focus and do her best. this happens, encourage your teen to eat light meals or sandwiches. A healthy diet. rather than junk food, is best for reducing stress.
--Show a positive attitude
If you panic, blame, or apply to much pressure, your teen will have an undue increase in their stress levels. Make your teen feel accepted and valued for her efforts. Most important, reassure your teens that things will be all right, no matter what the results are.
A. Together ,you and your teen can work out a time-table in which she can study for
what she knows will be on the test.
B. A parent's attitude will dictate their teen's emotions.
C. Physical symptoms of stress and anxiety include: lack of sleep, difficulty breathing,
loss of appetite of irregular eating
D. Encourage your teen to relax
E. Encourage your teen to express his worries and fears, but don't let them focus on
F. Your teen may also make negative comments about themselves七选五lack,of,sleep,switches。
G. Exam stress can make some teens lose their appetite
deal. So, I decided to try my hand at online auction(拍卖).
Buying for beginners: Sign up on ebay.co.uk. Most items (e.g.tables, computers, and books) ready for auction will come with a picture and a short description; others may be marked with “buy it now” and have a fixed price.
If the item is being auctioned ,you offer the highest price you are prepared to pay and eBay bids (出价)for you. The bid will be increased little by little until it goes beyond your highest bid, then you are emailed and asked if you would like to bid again. Auction last up to 10 days and when they finish you get an email telling you whether you have won the item.
Sellers decide how they would like to be paid and you need to check this before placing a bid as you might not want to post a cheque or postal orders. The easiest way is through PayPal, an online payment system that takes the money away from your credit card.
Selling made simple: if you plan to sell on eBay, it helps to include a picture of the item. I followed my friends’ advice and put up the items I wanted to sell for a 10-day auction, starting on a Thursday.
The big things in life: it’s easy to post a small item, but furniture is a big part of eBay
A. How to pay:
B. Pay exact money before buying.
C. You can buy these right away.
D. Make sure of the item you want to buy.
E. Everyone is at it, even my neighbors.
F. Check the ways of the delivery before you bid.
G. This way buyers had two weekends to bid.
【2012届·河北省衡水中学高三上学期四调】信息匹配. 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。(注意：涂在答题卡上，E涂 AB F 涂 AC G涂 AD)
When your pet is sick, you know it needs medication. But pets, like babies, don't know the pill you want them to take will help them._____71____ Here are some tips to help get your pet to take liquid medicine. ______72______If the answer is yes, then your easiest path is to mix it with canned food. First give your hungry pet a small amount of canned food without the medication. It's important that the pet nibbles (一点一点地吃) at the food and sees that there's nothing wrong.
Next, while the pet is still hungry, mix the medication in a small amount food and present it. Repeat as necessary to get the entire dose (剂量) down._______73__ If the pet decides not to finish the meal, the dose will be wasted.
If the chemist says the medication cannot be taken with food, you need a syringe (注射器) or a dropper (滴管) to get the liquid down your pet's throat.
_______74________Keep a cheerful tone in your voice so the pet doesn't sense your stress or hesitation. Position your pet where it cannot run away, perhaps having a dog sit with his back against a wall or chair ---- or a cat on your lap.
____75______ Use your other hand to insert the syringe or dropper between the cheek and back teeth. Slowly squeeze the medication so the pet won't choke. Try to keep your pet's mouth closed for approximately 30 seconds until you see it has swallowed. If your pet is being obstinate (倔强的) , stroke (抚摸) its throat gently or blow on the face.
Be sure you end the session with praise and perhaps a treat so your pet will not associate medication with a bad experience.
A. Before you call your pet in, be sure to have the medication and any other materials
you’ll need ready.
B. Once the pet is in position, use one hand to gently open the pet's mouth from above, tilting back the head slightly.
C. Ask the vet if the liquid medication can be given with food.
D. You should know the reason why the pet refuses to take medicine.
E. Never mix the medication with the full meal.
F. They just know it smells funny and they don't want it.
G. Don't force your pet to swallow all the medicine.
One of the best things you can possibly do is to start you own club. It’s great fun especially if you are the sort of person who feels there’s never anything to do during the school holidays.
The first thing you need to come up with is an idea for your club. Pets, clothes, pop music or dancing groups, sports, making things? The list is endless.