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大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

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第一篇:《2016届高考英语 专题十六 语法填空(全国通用)》

专题十六 语法填空

A组 2015~2013模拟基础题

Passage 1 (2015·山东曲阜4月)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Last weekend as I was riding in the bike lane alongside the truck, we reached a crossing and it turned to the right, 1 (hit) me and my bicycle. Even more upsetting was the fact 2 the driver didn't stop afterward. Thankfully, I was not injured and my bicycle was damaged, 3 still usable.

Even days after I reported the event to the police, they failed to 4 (proper) solve this situation or even return my calls. Eventually, I decided 5 (contact) University Student Legal Services for help about this matter. The small damage may not seem worth all 6 trouble, but what if I had been seriously 7 (injure)?Will anyone see punishment for breaking traffic laws and damaging my property? Unfortunately, my experience is common, and 8 (accident) between bikes and cars occur far too often. A comprehensive study 9 (report) that of the nearly 3,000 cyclist-motorist crashes that occurred between 2000 and 2010, about 20 percent were hit-and-runs.

Bicycles are held to the same standards as motor vehicles in most cases, 10 means that cyclists must obey all the traffic rules, and also have the right to get damages in the accidents. I urge both cyclists and motorists to become familiar with their rights and duties when sharing the roads.

答案 1.hitting 2.that 3.but 4.properly 5.to contact

6.the 7.injured 8.accidents 9.reported 10.which

Passage 2 (2015·河北全真模拟)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A long time ago, there was a huge apple tree. A little boy came and 1 (lie) under it every day. He would climb to the tree top, eat the apples, and take a nap in the shade. He loved the tree and the tree loved to play 2 him.

In the 3 (follow) years, the boy came and cut the branches to build a house, used the trunk on 4 he used to climb to make a boat and then never showed up for a long time.

Finally, the boy returned.“Sorry, my boy, 5 I don't have anything for you anymore. No more 6 (apple) for you...” the tree said. “I don't have teeth 7 (bite),” the boy replied.“No more trunk for you to climb on.”“I am too old for that now,” the boy said. “I really can't give you anything... the only thing 8 (leave) is my dying roots,” the tree said with tears. “I don't need much now,just a place to rest. I'm 9 (tire) after all these years,” the boy replied.“Good! Old tree roots are 10 best place to lean on and rest. Come, come, sit down with me and rest.” The boy sat down and the tree was glad,smiling with tears. 答案 1.lay 2.with 3.following 4.which 5.but 6.apples 7.to bite 8.left

9.tired 10.the

Passage 3 (2015·青岛二模)大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Two businessmen 1 (fly) to Australia to play in a weekend golf match. Their team won and they both received green jackets. 2 their last night in Australia, they stayed up late drinking beer. They were still drunk in the morning, 3 they drove their rented car to the airport. The road was empty. Suddenly, something jumped in front of the car. The driver couldn't stop in time and the car hit it.

The men got out of the car and found a large kangaroo 4 (lie) on the road. The drunken men began to laugh and decided to take some 5 (photo) with the “dead” kangaroo. One of the men decided to put the jacket on the kangaroo. So they dressed the poor kangaroo in a green jacket. Then they posed with it for some photos. Suddenly, something 6 (amaze) happened. The kangaroo opened its eyes. It was not dead. But it was very 7 (anger). The kangaroo hit the two men and knocked them out. Then it ran 8 .In the kangaroo's new green jacket 9 (be) the car keys,a passport,and the air tickets.

Later that day, a motorist phoned the police.“You're not going to believe this,” he said. “But a kangaroo in a green golf jacket is 10 (run) along the road to

the airport.” The police finally found out the whole story, and they punished the two drunken men.

答案 1.flew 2.On 3.but 4.lying 5.photos 6.amazing 7.angry 8.away

9.were 10.running

Passage 4 (2015·山东济南模拟)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Hello Kitty, one of the most famous imaginary 1 (character) in the world,greets us everywhere. Since she was born, she 2 (gain) impressive popularity—she is 3 international fashion queen.

2014 was the character's 40th birthday. Fans from around the world gathered 4 (cheerful) to celebrate their love of Hello Kitty.

Hello Kitty was 5 (design) as a character to attract pre-teenage girls. The designers could not 6 (dream) that she would become such a 7 (globe) star as she is today.

Helen McCarthy, an author and expert on Japanese cartoons,explained 8 the character is so popular. “Because Hello Kitty is all about happiness and friendship and fun.Women and girls all over the world are happy 9 (buy) into the image of the trusting,loving childhood represented by Hello Kitty.”

And the imaginary character does not only appeal 10 females. There are also Hello Kitty products for boys and men,such as neckties and golf bags.

答案 1.characters 2.has gained 3.an 4.cheerfully 5.designed 6.have dreamed

7.global 8.why 9.to buy 10.to

Passage 5 (2015·济宁一模)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Observers say Americans want more choices and fresh food when 1 (choose) where and what to eat. This trend is one reason why the fast food restaurant McDonald's has struggled financially.

McDonald's is one of the best-known 2 (restaurant) in the U.S. and even around the world, 3 these days the company leaders are seeing numbers they probably do not like. In the last quarter of 2014, McDonald's income dropped by about

$300 million. The January earnings report brought more bad news. Worldwide sales dropped for the 4 (eight) month in a row and even more than expected. McDonald's is 5 (work) hard to get their customers back. In January,the company ran an advertisement during the Super Bowl. The football game is the most watched TV event every year in the U.S. McDonald's has wanted 6 (reach) those viewers.

Shake Shack is 7 new kind of restaurant becoming popular in the U.S. The restaurants are not “fast food”. They are known as “fast casual.” 8 McDonald's is struggling to get their customers back, Shake Shack is doing well financially. The New York-based burger chain had a very 9 (success) IPO, or initial public offering, of shares at the end of January. 10 its first day of trading, Shake Shack went from $21 a share to just under $46 a share.

“Shake Shack's a quality hamburger. It's fast food, but not ‘fast food’ food.” Being part of the “fast casual” trend has helped Shake Shack.

答案 1.choosing 2.restaurants 3.but 4.eighth 5.working 6.to reach 7.a

8.As 9.successful 10.On

Passage 6 (2015·临沂期末)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 When young F.W. Woolworth was a store clerk, he tried to convince his boss to have a ten-cent sale to reduce inventory(存货). The boss agreed, and the idea was 1 great success. This inspired Woolworth 2 (open) his own store and price the items at a nickel and a dime (角). He needed capital for such a venture, 3 he asked his boss to supply the capital for part interest in the store. His boss turned him 4 directly.“The idea is too risky,” he told Woolworth.“ 5 are not enough items to sell for five and ten cents.”

Woolworth went ahead 6 his boss' support.But he not only was 7 (success) in his first store, but 8 (eventual) owned a chain of F.W. Woolworth stores across the nation. Later, his former boss 9 (hear) to remark,“As far as I can figure out, every word I used to turn Woolworth down 10 (cost) me about a million dollars.”

答案 1.a 2.to open 3.so/and 4.down 5.There 6.without 7.successful

8.eventually 9.was heard 10.cost/has cost

Passage 7 (2014·郑州一模)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A century ago, there were a hundred thousand tigers in the wild. Today, there are barely 3.5 thousand. But the picture may not be so hopeless 1 it seems. The Indian government has recently announced that its tiger numbers 2 (jump) by a third in the past four years. The government's report “The 2014 status of Tigers” says that there 3 (be) now 2,226 of the endangered big cats in the country. That's over five hundred more than 4 (record) four years ago.

This is significant in the 5 (fortunate) of the Indian tiger, which not so long ago was threatened with extinction (灭绝) in India.

“It's good news 6 there are still many things to do to ensure the Indian tiger has 7 successful future”, said Belinda Wright of the Wild Life Protection Society of India.

India 8 (believe) to be home to around seventy percent of all the world's tigers. In 2010, the thirteen countries where tigers are found all promised 9 (double) their numbers of the big cats over twelve years. According to the Indian Environment Minister, however, India is the only country where tiger numbers are 10 (actual) rising.

答案 1.as 2.have jumped 3.are 4.recorded 5.fortune 6.but 7.a 8.is believed 9.to double 10.actually

Passage 8 (2014·石家庄一中二模)

大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 The Internet is an 1 (amaze) information resource. Students,teachers, and researchers use it as 2 investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 3 (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it 4 shopping, banking, bill-paying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from 5 countries and cultures.

第二篇:《新高考高三英语语法填空专题训练+答案》

英语语法填空专题训练

语法填空(每篇共10小题;每小题1.5分,每篇满分15分)

阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空,

并将答案填写在答题卡上标号为1—10的相应位置。

Passage (1)大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

Cars are too expensive for many people around the world to own. Not only that, many cities are already full of traffic, and many country areas have rough roads.

So do people travel those distances that are too far to walk? They use public transportation. If you ride the subway or bus live, you can appreciate some of the benefits of public transportation. With many people there is less traffic and, more importance), less pollution.大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

Which of the types of mass transit (describe) below are you familiar with? If a regular bus can hold dozens of people, imagine what a bus Great Britain, there are many buses that are known as double-deckers (cars with two floors).大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

Buses in Haiti are often very crowded. It’s not (common) for passengers to actually sit on the rooftops. Buses are sometimes called “tap-taps”, because the (ride) on the roof tap(敲击)when they want to be dropped off.

Many large cities around the world take advantage of the space beneath the streets and run underground trains. People in Paris, Mexico City and Tokyo may use the subway system to get to school, to work, or to visit friends in other High-speed trains to link various cities. While electric trains in North America average 130 kph, the French TGV (high-speed-train) is the world’s (average) over 270 kph!

1. how 2. where 3. sharing 4. importantly 5. described

6. twice 7. uncommon 8. riders 9. neighborhoods 10. averaging

Passage (2)

Australia, the last continent, was discovered by ships (belong) to some European

大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

nations in the seventeenth century. These nations were (little) interested in changing it into a colony than in (explore) it. As in the early history of the United States, it was the English set up the settlements in Australia. This history and the geography of these two British colonies have some other things in common as well.

Australia and the United States are about the same in size, and their western lands are both not rich soil. It was on the eastern coast of Australia and America that the English first settled, and both colonies soon began to develop towards the west. However, this westward (move) took place population was increasing. Settlements of the west part of both countries developed quickly after gold Although the development of these two countries has a lot in common, there are some (strike) differences as well. The United States gained its independence from England by revolution while Australia won its independence without having to go to war. (like) the United States, was firstly turned into a colony by English prisoners and its economic development was in wheat growing and sheep raising. By 1922, for example, Australia had fifteen times more sheep than it had people or almost half as many sheep as there are people today in the United States. Australia and the United States have more in common with each other than either one has with most of the rest of the world.

1. belonging 2. less 3. exploring 4. who/that 5.in

6. movement 7. more 8. was discovered 9. striking 10. unlike

大高考,英语专题十六语法填空,答案

Passage (3)

We high school students do have some growing pains, but we can get rid of them correctly

and wisely. their body styles and looks. It’s

unnecessary and it’s not important at all. We needn’t care about it. It is one’s inner beauty matters. Second, we sometimes seem to be misunderstood our teachers, parents and classmates. (face) with this, we can find a proper time to have a heart-to-heart talk with them, trying to remove the have fewer friends. I think being open-minded and friendly will do you good. Third, we may fall

behind others, us stressed. Actually we can encourage __(determine). At last, some of us don’t have much pocket money, so they feel unhappy. Isn’t it strange? So long as we have some, that’s enough. And we can learn 1. First 2. about 3. that 4. by 5. Faced

6. misunderstanding 7. which 8. ourselves 9. determination 10. how

Passage (4)

When you read a story in English, do you read it for the story for the English?

This is a question not so as it may seem, for I find that many students of English pay far more attention to the story than to the English. For instance, they care for how the mystery in the story but do not remember a single sentence in the story and cannot tell what preposition is used before a certain word in the speech of a certain character.

Of course, if you want to know the story only, you need not language. But a student of English is different a student of stories

is called the general reader. As you may also have learned from the above, you ought to read not only very carefully but also aloud you learn the passage by heart and can recite it as if it hand, this will teach you many useful words and phrases; on the other hand, it will help you to avoid many errors and faults in expression.

1. or 2. that 3. foolish 4. is solved 5.bother

6. from 7. what 8. till 9. were 10. one

Passage (5)

Just now, I entered the website “Topic for Today”. I feel (interest) in the report on

middle school students’ using cell-phones on campus. In fact, more students now come to school cell-phones. My schoolmates have different opinions. Some think is convenient to get in touch with others with the cell-phone, which also makes you feel safe especially in time of trouble. , it is nice to enjoy various functions of different think differently. First, the cell-phone is not in school, as are some IC phones (make) it easy to call others. Second, many students often play e-games and send e-massages with their cell-phones, even in will surely have bad effects on their study. What’s more, it will result __a great waste of time and money. In my opinion, the cell-phone is a useful tool in our daily life. But it doesn’t mean we can use freely in school.

1. interested 2. with 3. it 4. Besides 5. Others

6. an 7. there 8. making 9. which 10. in

Passage (6)

“We don’t believe it. 1 until now I haven’t 2 (receive) even 3

smallest piece of paper reporting the real cause of death,” said Mr Stone

facing the thirty representatives at least twenty countries that had

been the biggest import countries of the British beef but now refused )it. When he saw no signs of (be) willing to speak out, Mr Stone got madder, adding, “You will have to eat beef every day, won’t you? In the past, to get our beef, you ordered advance, as much as you could, saying in your thank-you letter, „ without the British beef we can’t imagine a colorless sight would be on our countrymen’s dinner tables.”

1.Since 2.received 3.a 4.the 5.Excitedly

6.from 7.to have 8.being 9.in 10. what

Passage (7)

Enough sleep is important to health. The amount of sleep depends on __________ (strong) and get ready for a day’s work. 1. needed 2. which 3. the 4. less 5.It

6. strength 7. without 8. neither 9. to 10. suggested

第三篇:《精选高考英语语法填空真题(10篇)》

语法是语言的骨架,为了帮助考生们熟练掌握语法,下面小编为大家搜索整理了关于高考英语语法填空真题(10篇),欢迎参考练习,希望对大家备考有所帮助!想了解更多相关信息请持续关注我们应届毕业生培训网!

Passage 1(2015•新课标全国Ⅰ)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Yangshuo,China

It was raining lightly when I __1__ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.But I didn't care.A few hours __2__,I'd been at home in Hong Kong,with __3__ (it) choking smog.Here,the air was clean and fresh,even with the rain.

I'd skipped nearby Guilin,a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River __4__ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese __5__ (painting).Instead,I'd headed straight for Yangshuo.For those who fly to Guilin,it's only an hour away __6__ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

Yangshuo __7__ (be) really beautiful.A study of travelers __8__ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia.Abercrombie & Kent,a travel company in Hong Kong,says it __9__ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people __10__ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

【语篇导读】

桂林山水甲天下,阳朔风光甲桂林。作者讲述了从香港去阳朔旅游时的所见。

1.解析:考查动词的时态。主句谓语动词使用了过去进行时,根据语境此处要用一般过去时态。

答案arrived

2.解析:考查副词的用法。由语境可知,几个小时之前我还在香港的家中,由此可知before/earlier符合句意。

答案before/earlier

3.解析:考查形容词性物主代词的用法。空格后面有名词smog,故要使用形容词性物主代词。

答案its

4.解析:考查定语从句关系代词的用法。由句子结构不难判断这是一个定语从句。先行词为指物的mountain tops and dark waters,关系词在从句中作主语,因此答案为that/ which。

答案that/ which

5.解析:考查名词的复数。“so many+复数名词”为一常用短语。

答案paintings

6.解析:考查介词的固定用法。根据句意可知,这只是驱车一小时的路程。“by+交通工具名词”为一固定短语。

答案by

7.解析:考查主谓一致和动词时态。本段介绍阳朔的自然条件,属客观事实,要用一般现在时,由于主语是单数第三人称形式,因此答案为is。

答案is

8.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语的用法。study与conduct之间为动宾关系,故用表示被动的过去分词形式。此外,by是解题的关键词,conducted by...意为“由……所做的”。

答案conducted

9.解析:考查副词的用法。该词修饰谓语动词arrange,故要用其副词形式。

答案regularly

10.解析:考查现在分词短语作后置定语的用法。由于live与其所修饰的名词people之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故用表示主动意义的现在分词形式。

答案living

Passage 2(2015•新课标全国Ⅱ)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The adobe dwellings(土坯房)__1__(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __2__ most modern of architects and engineers.In addition to their simple beauty,what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __3__(able) to “air condition”a house without __4__(use)electric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __5__(slow)during cool nights,thus warming the house.When a new day breaks,the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __6__ (cool) the house during the hot day:__7__ the same time,they warm up again for the night.This cycle __8__ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures.As__9__(nature) architects,the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__10__thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

【语篇导读】

相比现代化的建筑,简陋的土坯房可谓丑陋不堪。但当代的建筑师却对其情有独钟。短文主要介绍了土坯房能够调节温度的原理。

1.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语。主语dwellings与动词build之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词形式。又由by一词的暗示也可知用表示被动意义的过去分词。

答案built

2.解析:考查定冠词的用法。空格之后为形容词的最高级形式,故填定冠词。

答案the

3.解析:考查形容词与名词的转换。形容词性物主代词their之后应当用名词,故将able转化为其名词形式。

答案ability

4.解析:考查介词的用法。介词without之后的动词要用动名词形式。

答案using

5.解析:考查副词的用法。由土坯制成的墙壁在炎热的白天吸收太阳的热量并在凉爽的夜间慢慢将热量释放出来。修饰谓语动词give out,因此要用副词形式。

答案slowly

6.解析:考查固定句式的用法。“形容词+enough+动词不定式”为一常用句式。

答案to cool

7.解析:考查固定短语的用法。at the same time意为“同时”,是一个常用介词短语。

答案at

8.解析:考查动词的时态。这是一篇说明文,主要介绍了土坯房冬暖夏凉的原理,故用一般现在时态。

答案goes

9.解析:考查形容词的用法。修饰名词architects,故要用形容词形式。

答案natural

10.解析:考查宾语从句的连接词用法。分析句子结构可知,这是一个宾语从句。根据形容词thick及结构可知这里的意思是印第安人要算出土坯墙的确切厚度。所以答案为how。

答案how

Passage 3(2015•福建)

阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。

Sometimes we have disagreements with people.When this (1)h_____, the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument.Here (2)_____ my tips for you.

The (3)f_____ thing I would say is that the way you begin the conversation is very important.

Imagine you are a student and you share a flat (4)_____ another student who you think isn't doing her share of the housework.If you say, “Look, you never do your share of the housework.(5) _____ are you going to do about it?”, the discussion will very soon turn into an argument.It's much more (6)_____ (有帮助)to say something like, “I think we had (7)b_____ have another look about how we divide up the housework.Maybe there is a better way of dealing with it.”

My second piece of (8)a_____ is simple.If you're the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument.Just make an (9)_____ (道歉), and move on.The other person will have more respect for you (10)_____ the future if you do that.

答案:

1.happens2.are3.first4.with5.What6.helpful/beneficial7.better8.advice9.apology10.in

Passage 4(2015•湖南)

Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.

Research has become both simpler and more complex. It's simpler because, __1__ you have a computer, you can find information you need by searching the Internet. For all your information, you don't have to go to __2__ library to find the relevant resource and take notes on it. Instead, you can find some sources from the Internet __3__ print the copies needed.Remember, however, that you should usually consult different types of sources. That is, you __4__ always rely just on the Internet for your research.

While finding information is easier than ever, at the same time, researching has become __5__ complex. There is a lot more material available, which means you may be overwhelmed __6__ the amount of information. You need to learn __7__ to sort through and find the relevant information for your particular project. Also, __8__need to check the accuracy of it.

【语篇导读】

随着电脑和因特网的出现,研究变得既简单又复杂。一方面,我们不必像以往一样在书中搜索资料,这为我们提供了极大的方便;另一方面,网络中众多的资料良莠不齐,选择准确的信息使我们的工作变得愈加复杂。

1.解析:考查状语从句。根据句意,如果你有了电脑,你可以通过上网获得所需的信息。

答案if

2.解析:考查冠词。go to the library去图书馆;in the library 在图书馆。

答案the

3.解析:考查连词。and 连接并列谓语find和print。

答案and

4.解析:考查情态动词。根据上文你应该(should)查阅不同的资料。

答案shouldn't

5.解析:考查形容词比较级。参见上文第一句more complex。

答案more

6.解析:考查介词。be overwhelmed with 面临,陷入。

答案with

7.解析:考查疑问词。根据句意,你需要学习如何分类并找到特定任务的相关信息。how to do 是含有疑问词的不定式,在此处作宾语。

答案how

8.解析:考查代词。参见上文You need to learn how to sort throug...

精选高考英语语法填空真题(10篇)精选高考英语语法填空真题(10篇)

答案you

Passage 5(2014•新课标全国Ⅰ)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式

Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?

In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland,Ohio.It __1__ (be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up.The river was so polluted that it __2__(actual) caught fire and burned.Now,years later,this river is one of __3__ most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.

But the river wasn't changed in a few days __4__ even a few months.It took years of work __5__ (reduce) the industrial pollution and clean the water.Finally,that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is __6__(clean) than ever.

Maybe you are facing an impossible situation.Maybe you have a habit __7__ is driving your family crazy.Possibly you drink too much or don't know how to control your credit card use.When you face such an impossible situation,don't you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?

While there are __8__ (amaze) stories of instant transformation,for most of us the __9__(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work,like cleaning up a polluted river.Just be __10__(patience).

答案解析:

1.解析:文章讲的是1969年的事情,故用过去时。

答案was

2.解析:修饰动词caught,用副词actually“实际上”。

答案actually

3.解析:most outstanding是最高级,前面需要加the。

答案the

4.解析:河流不是几天或者几个月里就改变了的,这里两个时间是选择关系,故用or。

答案or

5.解析:这里考查固定句型:It takes some time to do sth“做某事花费多长时间”。故应填不定式to reduce。

答案to reduce

6.解析:根据下文than知用形容词的比较级。

答案cleaner

7.解析:habit是先行词,故用that/which引导定语从句。

答案that/which

8.解析:是“令人吃惊的”,用形容词修饰名词stories,而amazed指“人感到吃惊的”,用来修饰人。

答案amazing

9.解析:根据句子的谓语“are”可知主语应为复数。

答案changes

10.解析:根据空格前系动词“be”可知这里应为形容词。

答案patient

Passage 6(2014•广东)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

Last year,my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation.Some of my friends who had been there before said __1__ was a wonderful holiday destination.Before we went,we had planned for months.When the day came,we were ready.

After our plane landed,we went to the hotel.We had made our reservation six months __2__(early),but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake.We __3__(tell)that our rooms hadn't been reserved for that week,__4__ for the week after.I didn't understand __5__ this would happen and my credit card had already been charged __6__ the reservation.What's worse,the hotel had been fully booked.When we were wondering what to do,the manager came out.She was __7__(surprise)helpful.She apologized for the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on __8__ top floor.We had never stayed in such an amazing room,and we weren't charged extra.

The next day,my brother and I went to the beach __9__ we watched some people play volleyball.We got a little __10__(sunburn),but the day had been so relaxing that we didn't mind.

【语篇导读】

本文是一篇记叙文,记述了我和我兄弟去Miami(迈阿密)旅游,当到达目的地后,来到六个月前订的宾馆,却意外被告知订的房间是下个星期的,且该宾馆房间已订满。正当不知如何办时,经理出来了,将他们安排在留出来的VIP房间,且不另外收他们的钱,真是喜出望外的事。

1.解析:在said后的宾语从句中缺主语,应填代词;指代前句中的Miami这个地方,应用it。

答案it

2.解析:在句中作状语,依然用副词;不变词性,因为是较早的做的事,所以用比较级。

答案earlier

3.解析:由句意可知,是“我们被告知”,由上下文的时态可知,用一般过去时的被动语态。

答案were told

4.解析:根据上下句意,意为“不是为那个星期订的,而是为后一个星期所订的”,为not...but...结构。

答案but

5.解析:意为“我不知道为什么会发生这样的事”,故用why引导宾语从句。

答案why

6.解析:charge...for...是习惯搭配。

答案for

精选高考英语语法填空真题(10篇)文章精选高考英语语法填空真题(10篇)出自(=on which =and on the beach =and there)。

答案where

10.解析:在表示“变化”的got后作表语,要用形容词;sunburn是名词,其形容词形式是burnt或burned。

答案sunburnt/sunburned

Passage 7(2014•福建)

阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。

Many of us were raised with the saying“Waste not,want not.”None of us,(1)h_____,can completely avoid waste in our lives.

Any kind of waste is thoughtless.Whether we waste our potential talents,our own time,our limited natural (2) _____ (资源),our money,or other people's time,each of us can become more aware and careful.The smallest good habits can make a big (3)d .It's a good feeling to know in our hearts we are doing our (4)b_____ in a world that is in serious trouble.By focusing on (5) _____ (节省)oil,water,paper,food,and clothing,we are playing a part (6)_____ cutting down on waste.

We must keep reminding (7)_____ (自己)that it is easier to get into something (8)_____ it is to get out of it.Actually,severe damage (9)d_____ to our land is fairly recent in the history of our evolution.It's time for us to (10)_____ no to waste so that our grandchildren's children will be able to develop well.We can't solve all the problems of waste,but we can encourage mindfulness.

Waste not!

答案解析:

1.解析:句意:然而,在我们的生活中,没有人能完全避免浪费。位于句中,前后都有逗号,用副词,所以填however。

答案however

2.解析:作waste的宾语,故用名词形式,且用名词复数。

答案resources

3.解析:句意:最小的好习惯也会起作用。make a difference是固定用法,意思是有影响,起作用。

答案difference

4.解析:do one's best是固定用法,意思是尽某人最大的努力。

答案best

5.解析:介词on之后用动词的-ing形式。

答案saving

6.解析:play a part in是固定用法,意思是“在……中起作用”。

答案in

7.解析:句意:我们必须不断地提醒我们自己,所以填反身代词ourselves。

答案ourselves

8.解析:这里进行比较,所以用比较句式,故填than。

答案than

9.解析:“严重危害”和“作用于”之间是被动关系,故用过去分词作定语。

答案done

10.解析:句意:是时候对“浪费”说不了。It is time for sb to do sth是固定用法,意思是“是时候做某事了。”

答案say

Passage 8(2014•湖南)

Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.

We can choose our friends,but usually we cannot choose our neighbors.However,to get a happy home life,we have to get along with __1__ as well as possible.

An important quality in a neighbor is consideration for __2__.People should not do things __3__ will disturb their neighbors unnecessarily.For example,television sets need not be played at full volume (音量) __4__ loud pop music should not be played very late at night.By avoiding things likely to upset your neighbors,you can enjoy __5__ friendly relationship with them.

An equally important quality is tolerance.Neighbors should do all they can to avoid disturbing other people,__6__ there are times when some level of disturbance is unavoidable.__7__ neighbors want to get along well with each other,they have to show their tolerance.In this way,everyone will live __8__ peace.

【语篇导读】

我们可以选择朋友,却无法选择邻居;因此处理好邻里关系至关重要。该篇文章主要说明如何处理好邻里关系。

1.解析:根据句式结构此处缺少get along with的宾语,根据上下文句意所填词汇应是前文提到的neighbors,故用代词them。

答案them

2.解析:根据句式结构此处缺少介词for的宾语,应填名词或代词,根据下文意思可以总结出“好邻居的重要品质是为他人着想”,故填others。

答案others

3.解析:分析结构可知此句中需要填的是定语从句的引导词,先行词是things指物,在从句中做主语,故用that/which。

答案that/which

4.解析:此处缺少连词,根据句意可知上下文是并列加顺延的关系,故用and。

答案and

5.解析:此处考查冠词。relationship此处作可数名词,且第一次出现,用a。

答案a

6.解析:此处缺少连词。根据语境:“邻居们应该尽其所能避免打搅别人,但有时一些搅扰是不可避免的”。此处上下文是转折关系,故用but。

答案but

7.解析:此处缺少连词。根据句意:“如果邻居们想要和睦相处他们应互相忍让。”所填词汇应能引导条件状语或时间状语从句,故用If或When。

答案If/When

8.解析:此处考查固定短语的介词搭配。根据句意,这样,大家都能和平共处,故用in,“in peace”和平地。

答案in

Passage 9(2013•广东)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

One day,Nick invited his friends to supper.He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen.Suddenly,he __1__ (find)that he had run out of salt.So Nick called to his son,“Go to the village and buy some salt,but pay a fair price for it:neither too much __2__ too little.”

His son looked surprised.“I can understand why I shouldn't pay too much,Father,but if I can pay less, __3__ not save a bit of money?”

“That would be a very __4__(reason)thing to do in a big city,but it could destroy a small village like ours,”Nick said.

Nick's guests, __5__ had heard their conversation,asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could.Nick replied,“The only reason a man would sell salt __6__ a lower price would be because he was desperate for money.And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect __7__ the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.”

“But such a small thing couldn't __8__(possible) destroy a village.”

“In the beginning, there was only __9__ very small amount of unfairness in the world,but everyone added a little,always __10__(think) that it was only small and not very important,and look where we have ended up today.”

【语篇导读】

本文通过Nick叫儿子去买盐要给合理价格的故事说明,一定要公平对待他人,尊重努力工作的人的汗水和努力。

1.解析:动词时态。在主格人称代词he后应为谓语动词,由语境可知用一般过去时。

答案found

2.解析:并列连词。nor构成并列连词neither...nor。

答案nor

3.解析:连接副词。why not do sth (何不做某事)?是固定句式。

答案why

4.解析:词类转换。在名词前作定语要用形容词。

答案reasonable

精选高考英语语法填空真题(10篇)教师资格

5.解析:非限制性定语从句。引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句中作主语,先行词是人,故填who。

答案who

6.解析:介词。因名词a low price在句中不作主语、动词的宾语,应为介词的宾语;根据习惯搭配,用介词at。

答案at

7.解析:介词。show respect for表示尊重。

答案for

8.解析:副词。修饰谓语动词作状语,用副词。

答案possibly

9.解析:不定冠词。a small amount of(少量的)是固定搭配。

答案a

10.解析:非谓语动词。因everyone与think是主动关系,故用现在分词短语作added的伴随状语。

答案thinking

Passage 10(2011•广东)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

One Sunday morning in August I went to a local music festival.I left it early because I had an appointment__1__(late) that day.My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me__2__ the bus arrived.I got on the bus and found a seat near the back,and then I noticed a man__3__(sit) at the front.He __4__(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice.He must be__5__(mental) disabled.

Behind him were other people to __6__ he was trying to talk,but after some minutes __7__ walked away and sat near me,looking annoyed.

I didn't want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn't like leaving him __8__ his own either.

After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus.I sat next to the man and introduced myself.We had __9__ amazing conversation.He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home.

I'm glad I made the choice.It made __10__ of us feel good.

【语篇导读】

作者上了公交车后,发现一个患有精神病的人。作者会怎样做呢?

1.解析:later在此表示“随后”。

答案later

2.解析:until表示“直到”,即朋友们陪着我一直等到车到站。

答案until

3.解析:分析句子结构可知,这里应该用sit的现在分词sitting作宾语补足语。

答案sitting

4.解析:根据全文内容可知,这是描述过去的事情,因此要用一般过去时。

答案pretended

5.解析:mentally是mental的副词形式,用来修饰形容词disabled。

答案mentally

6.解析:whom引导定语从句,修饰先行词other people。

答案whom

7.解析:根据前半句话中的he可知,这里应该用he作主语。

答案he

8.解析:leave sb on one's own意思是“让某人单独留下”。

答案on

9.解析:conversation是可数名词,其前的形容词amazing是以元音音素开头的,因此这里要用不定冠词an。

答案an

10.解析:根据文章内容可知,这里填both符合语境。这让我们两个人都很快乐。

答案both

第四篇:《2015高考英语语法填空练习》

2015年高考英语 语法填空练习

========================================================================

(1)

Bennet Cerf tells this 31 (touch)

story about a bus that was bumping (颠簸而行) 32___

a back road in the South.

In one seat sat an old

man holding a bunch of fresh flowers. Across the aisle (通道)

33 a young girl whose eyes came back again and

again 34 the man’s flowers. The time came 35 the

old man to get off. Without much thinking, 36 thrust the flowers into the girl’s lap. “I can

see you love ___37 flowers,” he explained, “and I think my wife 38 like for

you to have them. I’ll tell her I gave __ _39 to

you.” The girl accepted the flowers, 40 then watched the old man get off the bus and

walk through the gate of a small cemetery (墓地).

(2)

When I was growing up, I do not

recall hearing the words “I love you” from my father. When your father never

says ___31___ to you when you are a child, it gets tougher and tougher

for him ___32___ (say) those words as he gets ___33___ (old). To

tell the truth, I could not honestly remember ___34___ I had last said

those words to him either. I decided to set my ego (自我) aside and make the first move. ___35___

some hesitation, in our next phone conversation I blurted out (突然说出) the words, “Dad … I love you!”

There was a silence at the ___36___

end and he ___37___ (awkward) replied, “Well, same back at you!”

I laughed and said, “Dad, I know

you love me, and when you are ready, I know you ___38___ (say) what you

want to say.”

A few weeks later, Dad concluded

our phone conversation ___39___ the words, “Paul, I love you.” I was at

work during this conversation and the tears were rolling down my cheeks ___40___

I finally “heard” the love. As we both sat there in tears we realized that this

special moment had taken our father-son relationship to a new level.

(3)

One day a

farmer’s donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried piteously ___31___ hours as the farmer tried to figure out what to do. Finally, he decided

the animal was old, and the well needed ___32_______ (cover) up anyway; it just wasn't worth ___33____ to save the donkey.

He invited all

his neighbors to come over and help him. They all grabbed a shovel(铲) and began to

shovel dirt into the well. At first, the donkey realized ___34___ was happening and cried horribly. Then, to everyone’s amazement, he

quieted down. A few shovel loads later, the farmer finally looked down the

well. He _35_______

(astonish) at what he saw. With each shovel of dirt __36____ hit his back, the donkey was doing something

_37______ (amaze). He

would shake it off and take a step up.

__38____ the farmer’s neighbors continued to shovel dirt on top of the animal, he

would shake it off and take a step up. Pretty soon, everyone was amazed as the

donkey stepped up over __39____edge of the well and happily ran off!

Each of our

troubles is a steppingstone. We can get out of the deepest wells just ___40___ not giving up! Shake it off and take a step up.

(4)

Night after night, she

came to tuck me in, even long after my childhood years. ___31_____ (follow) her longstanding custom, she’d lean

down and push my long hair out of the way, then kiss my forehead.

I don’t remember ___32___

it first started annoying me — her hands pushing my hair that way. Finally, one

night, I shouted out at her, “Don’t do that anymore — your hands are too

rough!” She didn’t say ___33____ in reply. But never again ___34_____ my mother close out my day ___35_____ that familiar expression of her love.

Time after time, with

the passing years, my __36______ (think) returned to that night. By then I missed my mother’s hands, —

missed her goodnight kiss on my forehead.

Now those hands I once

thought to be so rough were still doing things for me and my family. I

frequently recalled the night my young voice complained. One night, catching

Mom’s hand in hand, I blurted out how sorry I was for that night. I thought

she’d remember, ___37_____ I did. But Mom

didn’t know what I ___38_____ (talk) about. She

had forgotten — and forgiven — long ago.

That night, I fell

asleep with a new ___39_______ (appreciate) for my

gentle mother and ___40_____ caring hands. And

the guilt that I had carried around for so long was nowhere to be found.

(5)

There are

moments in life ___31____ you miss

someone so much that you just want to pick them from your dreams and hug(拥抱) them for

real!

When the

door of happiness closes, __32_____ opens, but often we

look so long at the closed door ___33____ we don’t see the one which has been opened for

us.

Don’t go

for looks; they can deceive (欺骗). Don’t go for

wealth; even that fades away. Go for someone ___34__ __ makes you smile because it takes only a smile to make a dark day

seem bright.

Dream

what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be __35__ you want to be.

The ___36__(happy)

of people don’t ___37__(necessary) have the best of everything; they

just make the most of everything that ___38__ (come) along their way.

The brightest future will always be based on a _39____ (forget)

past.

When you

were born, you were crying and everyone _40____ you was smiling.

Live your

life so that when you die, you’re the one who is smiling and everyone around

you is crying.

(6)

A motto is a sentence or a phrase ____31____

can inspire us especially when we are __32______(face) with difficulties.

Many of us have our mottoes, such as “Where there is a will, there is a way.”

Or “Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.”, and so on. My motto

is “God helps those who help __33______.” Sometimes I am lazy and don’t

want to make efforts _34_______( work) hard, __35______ the

moment I think of my motto I will get energetic again and devote myself __36______

what I am doing. I write my motto __37______ I can see it easily. Every

time I fail in my exam and begin to lose heart, the sight of my motto inspires

me with much ____38____(confident). My motto also makes me become __39______

independent person. That is to say, I won’t rely on others easily.

My friends, what is your motto? If you

still haven’t got a motto, please choose _40_______ because a motto can

have a great effect on you.

(7)

In today’s competitive world, the ability

to work happily with other people is a good way of marking yourself out from

everybody __31____.

While teamwork may offer the chance to blame others ___32___ your

mistakes, you can never blame __33__ for your failings as a teammate. Get to know

one another, so you can build up a group and combine your advantages. Find out

each other’s values, weaknesses, and past __34______ (achieve).

Don’t shy away from(避开,躲避) disagreements, __35__ __ work out how __36__ (deal) with them. Humor can be a good way, so have a laugh together.

Before getting down to business, it’s

important to establish ground rules. First, make sure you all share the same

idea of time. Will 9:30 am meetings take place at midday? Then, work out how

you are going to make decisions. These are probably __37__ (well) made

at a formal meeting and communicated by e-mail. You must also agree with your

teammate _38__ will be responsible for making decisions. Even if you

have decided __39__ decisions don’t have to be agreed on, it is

important that every team member __40____(keep) active.

(8)

During the Spring and Autumn Period, the

State of Wu launched an attack against the State of Yue. The king of Wu was

seriously wounded and soon died. ____31____ son Fu Chai became the new

king. Fu was determined to revenge(复仇). He

drilled his army strictly __32______ it was a perfect fighting force.

Three years later, he led his army ____33____ the State of Yue and caught

its king Gou Jian.

In order to avenge(复仇) his father’s _34____(die), Fu let him live in

a shabby stone house by his father’s tomb and ordered him to raise horses for

him. Gou pretended to be loyal to Fu _35____ he never forgot his

humiliation (羞辱). Many years later, he __36____

(set) free. Gou secretly accumulated a military force after he went back to his

own state. In order to make himself tougher he slept on firewood and ate a

gall-bladder(苦胆) __37____ having dinner and going

to bed every night. At the same time he administered his state carefully, _38_______

(develop) agriculture and educating the people. After a few years, his country

became strong. Then Gou seized a favorable opportunity to wipe off the State of

Wu.

Later, people use it to describe one _39_______

endures(忍受) self-imposed(自愿接受的) hardships to _40__________ (strong) one’s

resolve(决心) to realize one’s ambition.

(9)

Although it could not compete with the

speed of email today, the 1800’s experienced a revolution in communication that

played an important role in creating the tradition of the Christmas greeting

card. ____31____(help) by the new railway system, the public

postal service made corresponding a popular past time. In England, Sir Henry

Cole recognized the advantage of ___32____ more efficient mail service

and initiated (开始) the practice of sending Christmas greeting

cards __33_____

friends.

The first card ___34___ (design) by

J.C.Horsley as a commercial endeavor. One thousand copies were sold in London,

____35____ soon others followed suit.

An English ____36____(art), William Egley, produced a popular

card in 1849. Louis Prang, a German born printer, working from ____37____

shop in Massachusetts, printed his first American cards in 1875. Even more ____38____

(importance) than his printing was the fact ____39____ he did more than anyone else to

popularize the cards by instituting nationwide contests for the best Christmas

designs, __40______ were awarded cash prizes.

(10)

The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated on

the fifth day of the fifth month according to the Chinese calendar. For

thousands of years, the festival __31__________ (mark) by eating zong zi

and racing dragon boats in honour of Qu Yuan, who is said to have committed

suicide(自杀) by drowning himself.

Qu was a minister of the State of Chu ____32____

(situate) in present-day Hunan and Hubei provinces, during the Warring States Period(战国时期). He

was upright, loyal and highly respected. ____33____, he was dismissed

from office. ____34____ (realize) that the country was in the hands of

evil officials, Qu leapt into River Miluo on the fifth day of the fifth month.

Nearby fishermen rushed over to save him but were ____35____ (able) to

recover his body.

The people of Chu ____36____ mourned

Qu’s death threw rice into the river to feed his ghost ____37____ year

on the day of his death. But one year, the spirit of Qu appeared and told the

mourners that a huge reptile(爬行动物)in the river had stolen the rice. The spirit then

advised __38______ to wrap the rice and bind it _39_______

throwing it into the river.

During the Duanwu Festival, zong zi is

eaten to symbolize(象征,表示) the rice offerings to Qu. And the

dragon-boat races symbolize __40______ many attempts to rescue and

recover Qu's body.

(11)

This Thursday is Thanksgiving Day in the

United States. Americans ____31____(tradition)gather for a large holiday meal with family and

friends. Most schools ____32____ (close) Friday for Thanksgiving break.

Some students get all week off. So where does this leave international

students? We asked a few colleges and universities ____33____ the

country for this week’s report.

In the Northeast, Green Mountain College

has twenty-nine international students this year out of _34_______

student population of about eight hundred. Dick Weis,the director of international programs,says teachers and __35______(coach) invite international students to their

homes for Thanksgiving. Professor Weis is having six or seven at his house for

the holiday.

2015高考英语语法填空练习2015高考英语语法填空练习

Local organizations also get involved, _36_______

a group called the Atlanta Ministry with International Students. It arranges

for students in the Atlanta area to celebrate Thanksgiving with American

families. The group also has a program ____37____(call) Christmas

International House.

In the Midwest, Morningside College has

more than one thousand students, fourteen of ____38____ this year are

from ____39____ countries. International student adviser Nadia Sifri

says they are connected with local host families when they first arrive. The

families provide a home away from home, she says, ____40____ they

generally invite the students to spend Thanksgiving with them.

(12)

The period we normally think of 31 “ancient Egypt” is the time 32 Egypt was ruled by the pharaohs (法老王) — after

3000 B.C.

But who

lived in Egypt 33 the pharaohs?

In the early Stone Age, people in Egypt lived on

sites fairly high 34 on the land above the Nile from the Delta to Aswan. From about 5000 B.C., settlers came to Egypt from Palestine

and Syria, 35 the

Libyan tribes living to the west, 36 from Nubia in the south.

Shortly before 3000 B.C., traders from southern Iraq also sailed to

Egypt and some, 37 (attract) by the

fertility of the country, stayed ___38 . Soon these early

settlers began 39 (grow) barley (大麦)

and domesticate(驯养) cattle, and to build villages

of mud huts in parts of the flood plain 40 seemed safe from the annual Nile flood.

(13)

All over the world,

people move from place to place. More and more people 31 (leave) towns and farms to move to cities.

This 32 (move) to cities is called urbanization. Often, people move to

cities 33 (find) jobs. Farms do not have enough jobs 34 the growing population. Cities offer factory

and service jobs such as working in restaurants.

Almost half the

world’s people live in cities. Mexico City’s population more than tripled (增至三倍) 35 1960 and 2000. Other cities in Latin America,

Asia, and Africa are growing just 36

fast.

People also move from

country to country. They emigrate, or

leave their home country to live in ___37

country. In their new country, these people

are called immigrants. Some are looking for jobs in ___38 (rich) nations. Others are running 39 from wars, too little food, and other problems

in their home countries. These people are refugees. 40 are people who run to another country to get

away from danger or disaster.

(14)

British educators ___31___ a six-day

trip to China have said the language of Chinese is becoming much accepted by

British youth.

A 110-member-team of UK educational

personnel from Kent County and Wales ___32___ (visit) the Confucius

Institute(孔子学院) headquarters in Beijing, and set up to

promote the Chinese language and culture.

Joanna Burke, ___33___ (culture) councillor(议员)of the British Embassy in China, applauded(赞成,赞许) the moves of Hanban, China’s Office of Chinese

Language Council International, to promote the Chinese culture globally.

“I think __34__ is essential for the

UK to engage with China ___35___(have) more young people ___36___ learn Chinese and understand China in order to become full global citizens

engaged in the requirement of ___37___ 21st century.”

Official figures show ___38___ 400

middle and primary schools in the UK have Chinese language classes. Lessons are

also available ___39___ college students in many universities, __40____ (include) Oxford and Cambridge.

Chinese culture can also be learnt at the

12 Confucius Institutes and 14 Confucius Classes in the UK.

(15)

Making new

friends means __31______(put) yourself

out on a limb and asking others not only to accept you, but to like you and

want to be around you as well. ____32____(fortunate), there is no magical solution ____33____ this

part of the process, so if you want to make friends, take a deep breath and

jump right in!

_34____

first step to making new friends is figuring out what is holding you back. A

lot of times people _35____ are interested in making new friends don’t

know why they don’t have them already. They can’t see that __36____ own

actions are working against them.

Once you can

identify(确认,确定) what is keeping you from making new

friends, you need to work through these concerns. This can be painful ___37_____

you will need to put yourself outside of your comfort zones to see any real

differences.

The next

step is to shine in these social settings so that others will leave with a

positive ____38 本文来自(impress). If you find social situations hard, just

rely on a few simple rules.

When you

feel ____39____ (confidence) that you’ve made some great new friends, get out there and celebrate with them!

No matter ____40____ you decide to do, the important thing is to

celebrate your new friends and hopefully continue cultivating more.

(16)

Although many high school

dropouts leave school permanently, some dropouts later reenter school. __31______(approximate)

10 percent of the sophomores (大二学生) ____32____ dropped out between 1980 and 1982

returned to school by ____33____ fall of 1982. Generally, high school

reentrants differ ____34____ typical dropouts in several school and

student characteristics. Background attributes and test score performance __35______ (associate) with low dropout rates tend to be related to higher-than-average

reentry rates. For example, reentry rates among 1980 sophomore dropouts were

about one-fifth __36______ (high) in the Northeast and North Central

regions than in the South or West. Among whites, reentry rates in the West were

one-third lower than in other regions. ___37_____ blacks, reentry rates in the Northeast (14 percent) __38______ (be) substantially

higher than those in the South (6 percent). Hispanic dropouts in the North

Central region were three times __39______ likely to return to school as

those in the Northeast or West. Hispanics in the South were twice as likely to

reenter as __40______ in the Northwest or West.

(17)

her “the Black Pearl”, “the Black Gazelle” and “the fastest woman in the world.” In nineteen sixty, Wilma Rudolph became the first American woman ___31___ (win) three gold medals in one Olympics. She was __32____ extraordinary American athlete. She also did a lot to help young athletes

___33___

(success).

Wilma Rudolph was born ___34___a very large, poor, African-American family. She

was the ___35___

(twenty) of twenty-two children. She

was born too early and only ___36___ (weigh) two kilograms. She had many illnesses ___37___ she was very young, including pneumonia(肺炎) and scarlet fever(腥红热). She also had polio (小儿麻痹症), ___38___ damaged her left leg. When she was six years old, she began to wear metal

leg braces because she could not use _39_____leg.

With her

family’s attention and care, ___40___(lucky), by the time she was nine

years old, she no longer needed her leg braces.

(18)

Scientists have developed a

non-stick chewing gum. The new gum can _31_____ (remove) easily from

pavements, shoes and clothes. It’s the result of polymer (聚合体) research at the University of

Bristol and could be launched commercially in 2008. ___32___it catches

2015高考英语语法填空练习文章2015高考英语语法填空练习出自product will solve __33____

major headache for present authorities around the world.

“The advantage of our Clean Gum

is that ___34___ has a great taste, it is easy to remove and has the

potential to be __35__________ (environment) degradable (可降解的),” said Terence Cosgrove, a professor of chemistry __36___ helped to found

a company called Revolymer to commercialize the technology.

Today’s chewing gums are made

from synthetic(人工制造的) latex(植物的乳汁), which is resistant _37____

the weather and is strongly sticky. The new gum adds a special polymer to

modify(修改,改变) its properties(特性), _38_____ (make) it

far __39___sticky.

In two street trials, other

commercial gums remained stuck to the pavement ___40___ Clean Gum came

away(脱掉,脱落) naturally in all cases.

(19)

In social life, time plays a very important

part.In the U.S.A.,guests tend to feel they are

not highly regarded if the invitation 31 a dinner party is extended only three or four

days 32 the party date.But it is

not true in all countries.In 33 areas of the world, it may be considered

foolish to make 34 appointment too far in advance because plans

that are made for a date more than a week away tend 35 (forget).The meaning of time differs in different parts of the

world.Thus, misunderstandings arise between

people from cultures 36 time is treated differently.Promptness is valued highly in American life, for

example.If people are not punctual, they may be

regarded as impolite or not fully 37 (responsibility). In the

U.S.A. no one would think of keeping a business associate 38 (wait) for an hour; 39 would be too impolite.A person who is 5 minutes late will say a few words of

explanation, 40 perhaps he will not complete the sentence.

(20)

Tony, a robot made by Larry Belmond’s

company, was expected to do house work. And it was tested out by Larry’s wife,

Claire, when he was 31 (absence) for three weeks. The handsome and

smooth-haired Tony left Claire 32 (alarm) at first sight of Tony because he was too handsome for a

machine. When Tony offered to help her dress, Claire felt embarrassed.

But when Tony’s sympathy won her trust

Claire told Tony how she and her home weren’t elegant(优雅的,极好的) and how she envied Gladys Claffern, one of the

richest and most powerful women around. As Tony made effort to help Claire get

herself and her home 33 (improve), Claire began to feel her

earlier attitude 34 Tony really absurd(荒唐可笑的,荒唐的,不合理的).

Then one day, Claire got protected from a

rude salesman by ringing 35 Tony and asking the man to speak to Tony but

found her “affair” with Tony discovered as she turned 36 to see Gladys Claffern

standing nearby. But then Claire,

37 (advise) by Tony, arranged a party to invite

Gladys and her friends to the house when it was 38 (complete) transformed.

The love scene well planned by Tony

without Claire’s knowledge won Claire a sweet victory as her guests had seen

everything, but she shouted “Leave me alone!” and cried her heart out. 39 Tony caused no risk to

Claire’s marriage, he was finally taken back to the company to be 40 (built), for he was a heartbreaker for women!

高考英语语法填空专题模拟练习答案与解析

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(1)本文转述的是一个发生在巴士上的动人故事。直到故事结束处读者才明白那位老人是把准备祭拜亡妻的鲜花送给了年轻姑娘。

31. touching。故事令人感伤或令人动容,由touch加-ing构成形容词touching,做story的定语。

32. along。这句说巴士沿南方偏远的道路颠簸前行。用along(沿着)表明是在行进途中,为后面的故事营造出一个背景。

33. was / sat。这是一个倒装句,说过道对面坐着一个年轻姑娘,主句缺少谓语动词,可以用动词was或sat。

34. to。说姑娘不断打量着老人手中的鲜花,“…eyes came

to.”, 讲目光所至,故填 to。

35. for。常用结构 time for sb.

to do sth. ,填for。

36. he。这里讲把鲜花塞进姑娘的怀里的人,当然是那个old man了,自然是用he指代。

37. the。这里需要用冠词the,来表示喜欢老人手里的鲜花,有所特指,填the。

38. would。读到后文我们知道老人的妻子已经去世(他是前往墓地去看望她),这里是说“我的妻子(如果有知)也会愿意将鲜花送给你的”,这是老人的推断,正是would的一种用法。

39. them。用them指代flowers。

40. and。 这个空格恰好位于两个并列谓语(accepted the

flowers和watched the old man)之间,自然是用并列连词and。

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(2)这是一篇亲情故事。虽父子情深,父亲却不习惯对儿子说“I

love you”。儿子决定采取主动,在电话中对父亲说出了“I love you”。几周后父亲也以对儿子说“I love you”来结束通话。电话两端,父子双双感动得热泪盈眶。

31. them。指代“the words

‘I love you’”,words为复数,用them。

32. to say。不定式作真正主语,it为形式主语。

33. older。长大为“get older”,用比较级。

34. when。引导宾语从句,并在从句中作时间状语。

35. After。犹豫一阵后说出口,所以填after。注意首字母要大写。

36. other。在电话的另一端。

37. awkwardly。修饰谓语动词replied,要用副词形式。

38. will say。时间状语从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时。

39. with。介词短语作状语,“以……结束通话”。

40. as/because。引导原因状语。听到了“love”是感动得落泪的原因。

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(3)这是一篇励志故事。主人决定将掉过井里的驴子用土埋掉。驴子以土为台阶,最后走出井外,得以自救。

31. for。for

hours指“几个小时”。

32. covering/to be

covered。表示“需要被……”既可以接不定式的被动式,又可以接ing形式的主动式。

33. it。句型be worth

it to do…指“值得做……”。

34. what。引导宾语从句。what在从句中作主语。

35. was astonished。“对……感惊讶”:be

astonished at

36. that/which。引导定语从句。关系代词that/which在从句中作主语。

37. amazing. 形容词作后置定语,something

amazing意为“令人惊讶的事情”。

38. As。意为“随着……”

39. the。特指“井的边缘”。

40. by。介词短语by doing

sth.作方式状语。

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(4)本文讲述母亲的双手给作者带来无私的母爱的故事。那双手已经不再温柔,甚至有些粗糙,但那双手依然给作者带来温暖,母爱永远难以割断。

31. Following。因逻辑主语she与follow是主动关系,用现在分词短语作状语,故填Following。

32. when。引导宾语从句,表示时间,用连接副词when。句意:我不记得母亲最初是什么时候开始用手拨弄我的头发了。

33. anything。母亲什么也没回答,在否定句中,用anything。

34. did。因否定词never置于句首时,要用部分倒装句,是一般过去时,填助动词did。

35. with。意思是“用她那熟悉的爱的表达方式”,表示“用”,填介词with。

36. thoughts。由形容词性物主代词my可知,该空应填名词;另外thought用复数形式,表示 “记忆,心思”。

37. as。作者认为母亲会像她自己记得那样,也记得那件事。表示“与……一样”,填连词as。

38. was talking。妈妈不知道我在谈论什么,用过去进行时,填was talking。

39. appreciation。不定冠词a后应接名词,故填appreciation。

40. her。指母亲那体贴的双手。

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(5)这篇文章意在告诉读者要微笑着面对生活,这样此生无怨无悔。

31. when。引导定语从句,先行词是moments,在从句中充当时间状语,故用when。

32. another。句意:当幸福之门关闭时,另一扇打开了。

33. that。此处是so…that…句型。句意为:但是我们常常眷恋着那道关上了的门,而看不见另一道已经为我们打开了的门。

34. who。引导定语从句,先行词是someone,在定语从句中做主语,指人,故用who。

35. what。引导表语从句并在从句中作表语,故用连接代词what。

36. happiest。由后文的the best of…可知,这里用形容词最高级,表示“最幸福的人”。

37. necessarily。修饰动词have,做状语,要用副词。

38. comes。由前面的have,make等谓语动词可知,用一般现在时;又因该定语从句中的主语that是替代先行词everything的,而everything是第三人称单数,故填comes。

39. forgotten。因past在这里是名词,前面需要定语;又因past与forget是被动关系,故用过去分词forgotten做定语。

40. around。表示“在……周围”,用介词around。

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(6)这篇文章概述了座右铭的好处以及作者的座右铭给他带来极大的鼓励作用。

31. that / which。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是a sentence or a phrase,指物,故用关系代词that / which.。

32. faced。表示“面对困难”是“be faced with”。

33. themselves。由those可知,用反身代词themselves作宾语。该谚语的意思是“自助者天助”。

34. to work。因make

efforts后接to do sth.表示“尽力做某事”。

35. but。因前后是转折关系。

36. to。因devote

oneself to (介词)…是固定搭配,意为“致力于”。

37. where。引导地点状语从句,表示“……的地方”用where。

38. confidence。因with是介词,后要接名词做宾语;confident的名词形式是confidence。

39. an。指作者成为一个独立的人,表示“一个”用不定冠词;又因independent以元音开头,故用an。

40. one。替代“a+单数可数名词(a motto)”,用one。

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(7)这篇文章主要告诉我们怎样与他人合作。

31. else。意思是“与他人和谐工作的能力是使自己显示出与其他人不同的好方法”,用在复合代词everybody后作定语,表示“其他的”,用else。

32. for。表示“因某事责备某人”是blame sb. for sth.。

33. them。指代上文中的others,在句中做宾语,用them。

34. achievements。与前面的values和weaknesses同时充当短语动词find out的并列宾语,用名词形式。

35. but。这是表示“不是……而是……”的not…but…结构。

36. to deal。这是“疑问词+不定式”结构做宾语。

37. best。根据句意这里表示 “最好”之意,故用最高级。

38. who。这里是定语从句,先行词teammate在定语从句中充当主语,指人,所以用who。

39. that。decided后接了一个宾语从句,该宾语从句句子结构和句意都完整,因而用连词that。

40. is kept。由keep sb. active(使某人保持活跃的状态),可知every team member与keep是被动关系,故用被动语态。

(8)本文讲述越王勾践卧薪尝胆,最终三千越甲吞吴的故事。

31. His。填his,指代the king of Wu’s。

32. until。表示“直到”,用连词until。句意是:夫差严格训练军队,直到使之成为一支很好的能战军队。

33. against。表示“反对”,用介词against。句意是:三年后,夫差带领军队攻打越国。

34. death。由his

father’s可知,填die的名词形式death。

35. but。勾践假装忠心于夫差,但他从未忘记自己所遭受的侮辱。填but.

36. was set。因he与set 是被动关系,用被动语态,故填was set。

37. before。指勾践在每天吃饭或睡觉之前都卧薪尝胆,故填介词before。

38. developing。因he与develop是主语关系,用现在分词作伴随状语。另外,由and educating亦可知,该空应填developing.

39. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是代词one.

40. strengthen。由不定式符号to 及宾语one’s resolve可知,空白处应填strong的动词形式strengthen。

(9)本文介绍圣诞卡在沟通方面的所起的由来及其重要作用。

31. Helped。因help与公共邮政服务是动宾关系,故用过去分词表示被动。

32. a。指一种更高效的邮政服务,表示“一种”用不定冠词a。

33. to。由句式搭配send sth to sb可知。

34. was designed。在句中作谓语表示被动,且用一般过去时。

35. and。用连词and连接两个并列句。

36. artist。从后面的同位语William Egley可知这里填与art有关的人,即artist。

37. his。从后面的his

first American cards可知是他的商店。

38. important。这是一个倒装句,主语是the fact,空格要求填的词在句中作表语,故用形容词。

39. that。引导同位语从句,说明the fact的具体内容。

40.which。引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是designs。

(10)本文讲述中国传统节日端午节的由来及其背后的故事。

31. has been marked。由时间状语for thousands of years可知,句子谓语动词应用现在完成进行时,表示端午节一直以来都以吃粽子和赛龙珠的方式进行庆祝,而且将来也会如此,故填has been marked。

32. situated。表示某地方位于何地时,用be situated in /on, 句中“situated…”相当于定语从句,“which was situated…”。

33. However。前后两句是转折关系,而空格前后都有标点,故填副词However。

34. Realizing。因逻辑主语Qu与realize是主动关系,故填Realizing。

35. unable。由but可知,渔民未能救活他,故用able相反意思的unable。

36. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是The people of Chu,故填who。

37. every。根据常识,是指“每一”年。

38. them。代替the mourners,在句中作宾语,故填them。

39. before。因“将它裹好、绑好”应是在“将粽子扔进河里”之前,才不会给河里的一种爬行动物偷吃,故填介词before。

40. the。因many / little / few 等词在后面有定语从句或不定式等成分修饰时,其前面用the表特指,故该处填the。

(11)这则新闻报道了美国各地高校如何安排外国留学生一起共度西方的传统节日——感恩节。

31. traditionally。作状语,修饰动词gather,用副词。

32. are closed。由上下文的谓语动词时态可知,用一般现在时;主谓是被动关系,用被动语态。句意是:大多数学校关门(即放假)。

33. around/ throughout。表示“全国各地”,是around/ throughout the country= all over the

country。

34. a。因a

student population of意为“学生人数有……”。

2015高考英语语法填空练习阅读答案

35. coaches。由teachers可知,coach用复数形式。

36. like。表示举例“像……”。

37. called。因program与call是被动关系,用过去分词作定语,相当于定语从句which is called。

38. whom。引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是students,在介词后用whom。

39. other。作定语,表示“其他的,别的”。

40. and。用and连接“The families provide…”和“they generally invite...”两个并列句。

(12)所选文段讲述的是我们称之为“古埃及”之前的埃及,也就是出现法老王之前的埃及,那时埃及居民状态。

31. as。因think of … as… 是固定搭配,意为“视……为……”。

32. when。这里是一个定语从句,先行词是time,关系词在从句中做时间状语,用when。

33. before。段首已经说过所谓古埃及是指由法老王统治的时期,晚于公元前3000年,后文内容提到了早期石器时代,公元前5000年,还提到了稍稍早于公元前3000年的时期等,都是讲先古时期。所以此处这个过渡句是要把叙述内容转入到“法老王”之前的时代,故填before。

34. up。这里空格前面的 fairly high是要修饰另一个词,然后共同修饰on the land above the

Nile这个介词短语, 那这个词就只能是副词了,既然说是above the Nile,那这个副词就应该是up了。

35. from。这里前后共说出了迁移到埃及的三大来源地,用的是并列平行结构,前后有用了from,这里也应该是from。

36. and。三个并列平行结构,后两个之间用and连接,故填and。

37. attracted。过去分词短语作状语,更可以从后面的by 短语得到线索。

38. on。伊拉克南部的商人也漂洋来到埃及。埃及的富庶使得其中有一些来了以后就不想走了(商人本来是辗转各地做生意的)。动词stayed后填on,表示就一直住下去了。

39. to grow。这是讲埃及农耕和畜牧的发端,所以用begin to grow,表示“正是由此时开始”之意。

40. that/which。定语从句的关系词,指物,在从句中做主语,填that或which。

(13)所选文段讲述的是移民问题。世界上不同地域之间人口迁移现象日益频发,原因也各不相同。 31.

are leaving。因More and more people 讲的是当今的一种趋势,所以用进行时态,填are moving。

32. movement。move的名词形式movement,表示这种迁移到行为。

33. to find。人民搬到城市是为了找工作,用动词不定式表示目的,做状语。填to find。

34. for。农地里提供的工作不能满足日益增长的人口,enough… for…。

35. between。在1960到2000之间,墨西哥城的人口就翻了三番。between…and…来表示时间区间。

36. as。上句举例说到:仅在1960到2000之间墨西哥城的人口就翻了三番,可见城市人口增长之迅猛。而拉美、亚非其他城市的人口也以同样的速度在增长。也就是just as fast

(as Mexico City),填as。

37. another。从祖国迁居异国他乡,后面的country是单数形式,只能填another,才既合乎意义,也合乎语法。

38. richer。这里的rich当然是相比原先居住的国家而言,因此要用比较级,填richer。

39. away。running away from wars 逃离战乱,away from的搭配,填away。

40. They。空格处的主语是指these people,也就是那些refugees,用they指代。

(14)本文主要讲述了英国教育家来中国,进行了为期六天的访问,表明了汉语正在被英国年轻人接受。

31. on。因on

a trip是固定搭配。

32. visited。本句尚无谓语,visit应为谓语动词;根据下文应该采用一般过去时,故填visited。

33. cultural。做定语要用形容词。

34. it。It是形式主语。

35. to have。作目的状语,用不定式。

36. who/that。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词people,故用who或that。

37. the。序数词前用the。

38. that。引导宾语从句,作show后面的宾语。

39. for。表示“对于”之意,用for。

40. including。介词,意为“包括”。

(15)本文介绍如何结交新朋友。

31. putting。表示“意味着干某事”,应为mean

doing sth。

32. Unfortunately。从no magical solution可以推断出“不幸的是”。

33. to。因solution通常接介词to,表示“……的解决方法”。

34. The。序数词first前要用定冠词。

35. who/ that。定语从句,关系代词在从句中作主语。

36. their。指主语they“他们自己的”。

37. because。后面解释“这可能是痛苦的”的原因。

38. impression。在“冠词+形容词(a

positive)”后要接名词。

39. confident。在系动词feel后作表语,用形容词。

40. what。在句中作do的宾语,用连接代词what;no

matter what…意为“不管你决定做什么”。

(16)虽然许多高中生永远辍学,但是也有许多高中生后来又重返校园。

31. Approximately。用副词Approximately(近似地,大约)修饰后面的数字10 percent。

32. who/that。定语从句用来修饰前面的先行词sophomores,从句中缺主语,故使用who/that。

33. the。特指1982年的秋天,前面要加定冠词。

34. from。因differ

from为固定搭配,意为“不同于”。

35. associated。因该句已有谓语动词tend to be related,本空应填非谓语动词;又由be associated with(与……有关)可知,此处用过去分词短语作后置定语。

36. higher。由后面的than可知,此处用比较级。

37. Among。表示“在某团体或人群中”,用介词among。

38. were。该句主语是reentry rates,根据上下文应该用一般过去时,因此使用were。

39. as。因as….as…是固定搭配,意为“与……一样”;根据文章最后一句也可以得出。

40. those。代替前面的可数名词的复数形式Hispanics。

(17)本文是美国女运动员威尔玛·鲁道尔夫的简介。

31.to win。在序数词或受序数词修饰的名词后用不定式做定语。

32.an。在作表语的表示职业身份的单数可数名词(athlete)前,用不定冠词,表示“一位”;extraordinary以元音开头,用an。

33.succeed。由help sb do

sth可知,用动词原形。

34.into。因表示“出生于一个……的家庭”,是be born into

a … family。句意为:她生于一个贫穷的大家庭。

35.twentieth。由句意或the的提示,可知用序数词。句意为:她是家里22个孩子中的第二十个。36.weighed。表示“重……”,weigh是不及物动词,不用被动语态;指出生时的重量,应当用一般过去时。

37.when。指她年幼时有很多疾病,用when引导时间状语从句。

38.which。引导非限制性定语从句,先行词是“小儿麻痹症”。

39.that。句意:因为她不能用那只左腿,所以就开始使用金属腿部支架。

40.luckily。修饰整个句子作状语,用副词。

(18)科学家们研发出一种“不粘口香糖”,这种新型口香糖与普通口香糖不同,很容易从街道、鞋子和衣服上清除,能为世界各地的政府解决一个大难题。

31. be removed。该句主语和谓语的关系显然是主语为动作的承受者,用被动语态;在情态动词后,接动词原形,故填be removed。

32. If。句意是“如果这种清洁香口胶流行 (catch on) 的话,将能解决世界上的一件头疼的事”,引导条件状语从句,用If。

33. a。可数名词单数前面应加冠词或形容词性的物主代词,该处填a表示one的意思。

34. it。分析句子成分可知,that从句缺少主语,故填it来指代这种清洁香口胶。

35. environmentally。修饰形容词作状语,用副词, 故填environmentally。

36. who。引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词是a professor of

chemistry,故填who。

37. to。表示“对……有抵御能力的,耐……的”,在be resistant后接介词to。

38. making。现在分词作状语表结果。

39. less。由语境可知,这种新型口香糖中添加了一种能改变其属性的特殊聚合物后,其粘性应当是大大降低了,即不及以前有粘性了;表示“不及”用“less+形容词原级”。

40. while。该句将普通的香口胶与清洁香口胶进行对照,故填while.

(19)

31.to 32.before; 33.other; 34.an;

35.to be forgotten;

36.where; 37.responsible; 38.waiting; 39.that; 40.though

(20)

31. absent 32.

alarmed 33. improved 34. towards/ to 35. up

36. around 37.

advised 38.

completely 39. Thoug

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